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To Keep the Peace

To Keep the Peace: The United Nations Condemnatory Resolution

William W. Orbach
Copyright Date: 1977
Pages: 168
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  • Book Info
    To Keep the Peace
    Book Description:

    The first purpose of the United Nations is "to maintain international peace and security." Among the chief methods employed to attain this end has been the condemnatory resolution, in which international outrage is expressed at the policies or actions of a given state. Here William W. Orbach undertakes to explore the nature of the United Nations and its role in international politics through an examination of the history of such resolutions, the reasons for condemnations, and the process by which they are enacted or rejected. He concludes that the United Nations is not an independent actor on the international stage but a microcosm of that stage, as such in a unique position to further international peace.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6405-2
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. 1 Introduction: The Condemnatory Resolution
    (pp. 1-33)

    A resolution of collective delegitimization is a declaration by a group of states that the action of another state is not proper—that is, not in accord with the rules of international society. It is a statement by a recognized international body that the actions of a state are wrong, serving both as a judgment against that state and as a rebuke of it.

    The concept of collective delegitimization is an outgrowth of the literature on legitimacy. Seymour M. Lipset gives perhaps the best definition of legitimacy: “the capacity of a system to engender and maintain the belief that the...

  5. 2 Case Studies
    (pp. 34-122)

    It would be helpful at this point to examine some specific condemnatory resolutions. Research for this book covered resolutions condemning six states—the People’s Republic of China, the Soviet Union, Portugal, Rhodesia, the Republic of South Africa, and Israel; however, considerations of space make exhaustive discussion of all these cases impossible. I have chosen to discuss three: one pre-1960 Security Council resolution—resolution 498 (1951), condemning the Communist Chinese drive into South Korea; an early post-1960 General Assembly resolution—resolution 1805 (1962), condemning South Africa for its internal policy ofapartheidand its refusal grant South-West Africa independence; and a...

  6. 3 Conclusion: The Efficacy of Condemnatory Resolutions
    (pp. 123-138)

    There are three options open to a state whose policy has been declared illegitimate. The first, of course, is really a nonreaction—the simple failure to react to the resolution at all. The second option is for the state to mount a propaganda campaign defending its policy and to create or expand a foreign affairs department that will send and brief ambassadors and other envoys. The third is to adopt a policy that will gain the approval of the United Nations. The reaction (or nonreaction) of the condemned state, and that of its allies, will determine the effectiveness of the...

  7. Appendix
    (pp. 139-144)
  8. Notes
    (pp. 145-150)
  9. Index
    (pp. 151-155)