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Albert Shaw of the Review of Reviews

Albert Shaw of the Review of Reviews

Lloyd J. Graybar
Copyright Date: 1974
Pages: 256
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  • Book Info
    Albert Shaw of the Review of Reviews
    Book Description:

    The life of Albert Shaw (1857-1947) reflected in microcosm the changes that American society was undergoing through a critical period. This first full-length study focuses on two themes: Shaw's career as editor and publisher of theReview of Reviews, an influential monthly journal in the early years of the twentieth century, and Shaw's career as a public figure.

    Shaw was a member of the Progressive movement from its inception, but his concern and interests were wide-ranging, centering to a large degree on the question of what the industrialization of America meant. Lloyd J. Graybar shows incisively the ways in which Shaw's professional concerns interacted with his attitude toward public issues.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6317-8
    Subjects: History, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Preface
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  5. 1 Buckeye and Hawkeye, 1857-1881
    (pp. 1-15)

    An Ohioan by birth, Albert Shaw remained conscious of his western background throughout his life. The theme of the West held a recurrent fascination for him. Although he recognized that the settlement of the West had been marred by the thoughtless exploitation of the environment, and cogently insisted that such waste could not be tolerated in the America of his day, he was even more impressed by the positive legacy of the pioneers and judged his contemporaries by their standards of energy, patriotism, and resourcefulness.

    Shaw acquired his abiding respect for the pioneers during his youth in Paddy’s Run, Ohio....

  6. 2 At the Johns Hopkins and Elsewhere, 1882-1884
    (pp. 16-29)

    The entries in Shaw’s diary under January 5, 1882, are sparse and do nothing to indicate the anticipation with which he had looked forward to this day or the significance it would have for his career. He merely listed his activities: unable to attend the trial of Charles Guiteau, instead did some sightseeing in Washington, arrived in Baltimore in the afternoon, met Will Noyes (an Iowa College classmate with whom he intended to room), together hunted for a boardinghouse.¹

    If Shaw glimpsed the university at all that day, he did not think it worth mentioning. In truth there was nothing...

  7. 3 In Minneapolis and Abroad, 1884-1890
    (pp. 30-45)

    When Shaw arrived in Minneapolis in the summer of 1884 to resume his journalistic career, the city was in the midst of a phenomenal expansion that saw its population climb past 160,000 by the end of the decade, better than three times what it had been in 1880. Spotlighted by the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad to the West Coast in 1883 and by the continued growth of her grain trade, Minneapolis moved into the top twenty cities. Moreover, to the discomfort of many jealous Minneapolitans, neighboring St. Paul was developing in an equally impressive manner.¹

    Although theMinneapolis...

  8. 4 Dr. Shaw and His Review, 1891-1920
    (pp. 46-69)

    TheReview of Reviewshad been founded in London by the brilliant and erratic William T. Stead. A veteran journalist as well as a crusader for social reform and the “white man’s burden,” Stead was likely to rise to a journalistic coup or to sink into the mire of a lost cause. In 1890, however, he was at the height of his journalistic career when he established a magazine which he expected would serve as a clearinghouse for other magazines, or as he entitled it, theReview of Reviews.Typically Stead, thinking that the periodical should have wide distribution, had...

  9. [Illustrations]
    (pp. None)
  10. 5 The Ideal City, 1891-1900
    (pp. 70-90)

    Just as Shaw was establishing himself in New York, a new episode in the history of American reform was beginning. It was progressivism. Although its origins were modest, it was destined to attract the attention of the nation in the early years of the present century and of historians long after. Their interpretations of it have been diverse.¹ The first significant statement placed progressivism within the context of the reform tradition emanating from the midwestern agrarian protest of Populism, the Alliance, and the Grange. The common man was seen struggling against economic depression and against the privileges arrogated by selfish...

  11. 6 The Average Man
    (pp. 91-110)

    The Progressive era was a time of far-reaching economic change in which industrial trusts were being established with an unprecedented rapidity while organized labor was struggling for overdue benefits. Even farmers followed the pattern set by business and formed cooperative marketing and distribution associations to pursue commercial gains.¹ Bigness seemed to be the hallmark of things, and people asked about the possible consequences: were massive combinations of capital and aggressive organizations of labor necessary? And if so, how was the traditional faith that the man of competence could make his own way in the business world and become an entrepreneur...

  12. 7 Hand in Hand with T. R., 1901-1908
    (pp. 111-130)

    In 1942 Shaw began writing a book about his long-time friend Theodore Roosevelt. About three-fourths of the unfinished manuscript deals directly or by digression with Roosevelt, the mugwumps, and the events of 1884, the year in which this group of eastern Republicans earned immediate opprobrium and lasting fame by supporting Democrat Grover Cleveland for president rather than their own party’s candidate, James G. Blaine. Shaw (who prominently included himself in asides) was bent on proving that Roosevelt, “the fearless and hard-hitting young New Yorker,” was as righteous as the mugwumps and vastly more practical in his decision to remain a...

  13. 8 At Odds with Taft, 1909-1912
    (pp. 131-151)

    Albert Shaw had never considered himself a machine Republican. Although he regularly supported the party’s national tickets and fundamental policies, he rarely hesitated to denounce a state or local boss. As much as he disliked Tammany, it is not inconceivable that he thought even less of Republican organizations like those that dominated politics in New York and Pennsylvania. In his opinion they represented an unholy alliance between corporate interests and professional politicans intent on profiting from their positions of responsibility. “They are institutional and organic,” he wrote of parties. They “exist simply because the great business of politics in America...

  14. 9 Return to Republicanism, 1913-1920
    (pp. 152-169)

    In 1913 Albert Shaw and Woodrow Wilson were no longer as close as they had been during their stay at the Johns Hopkins and during the decade or so thereafter, but they were still on cordial terms. Taking a personal and professional interest in Wilson’s administration, Shaw was enthusiastic about his initial moves, particularly in his selection for the cabinet of singularly able men like Franklin Lane and David Houston (both of whom Shaw considered friends). In fact everything he knew of Wilson led him to predict success for his administration. “You may be sure,” Shaw wrote Jesse Macy, “that...

  15. 10 Guardian of American Values, 1916-1937
    (pp. 170-186)

    In the midst of the 1916 campaign, Congress, pressed by President Wilson to avert a threatened nationwide rail strike, enacted the Adamson Act, a law providing for a mandatory eight-hour day on America’s railroads. In establishing maximum hours of labor the bill embodied one of the basic Progressive goals, yet Shaw reacted harshly to the news of its passage. “The arrogance was on the side of the railroad brotherhoods,” he charged. “They made certain sweeping demands, refused to arbitrate them, and declared that they would paralyze commerce by stopping every wheel between the Atlantic and Pacific Coast on all railroads.”...

  16. 11 A Sabbatical at Last, 1937-1947
    (pp. 187-202)

    The demise of Shaw’s magazine was not a sudden or, as an obituary might have put it, unexpected event, but simply the passing of an elderly invalid. The end had been almost two decades in arriving, for soon after the conclusion of the first world war, theReview of Reviewspassed into the declining stages of what can be termed a magazine’s life cycle. This cycle, as Theodore Peterson has shown, includes several phases: the conception by the periodical’s editor of a new approach “The Big Idea,” a struggle for survival during the early years, success and with it a...

  17. Appendix: Circulation Data for the Review of Reviews
    (pp. 203-204)
  18. Bibliography
    (pp. 205-220)
  19. Index
    (pp. 221-229)