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Faces of Kentucky

Faces of Kentucky

James C. Klotter
Freda C. Klotter
Copyright Date: 2006
Pages: 308
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  • Book Info
    Faces of Kentucky
    Book Description:

    Written by Kentuckians for Kentuckians,Faces of Kentuckyis a comprehensive history of Kentucky designed for young students. The state's story comes alive as never before through the images and life stories of the diverse people of the Commonwealth. The product of a collaboration of the state historian of Kentucky and an award-winning teacher (both native Kentuckians),Faces of Kentuckyapproaches learning as a voyage of discovery. Numerous illustrations, thought-provoking questions, and historical mysteries to be solved seek to challenge young readers and to help them think about their state, themselves, and their future.

    Features: Timelines from early history to present Discussion questions; Over 250 photographs; 25 Maps; Primary Documents; Teacher's Guide with companion CD for use in the elementary school classroom.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6052-8
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-xii)
  3. Introduction
    (pp. xiii-xiv)

    This book is for people who want to learn more about Kentucky. Young people, especially, need to know about the history and life-styles of many countries. We all should understand the cultures of China, Brazil, India, France, South Africa, and dozens and dozens of other parts of the world. The United States, of course, is important for those of us who live here. Finally, we all should know what has shaped our state and local area, and what continues to shape them now.

    Well-informed, well-educated citizens must understandallparts of our world—the international, national, state, and local. This...

  4. chapter 1 Frontiers— Then and Now
    (pp. 1-14)

    Both men traveled thousands of miles in just a few days. Both saw things that few others had seen. Both were filled with wonder as they left their world for the unknown of space. But when they faced that unknown future and the frontier of space, they simply were doing what humans have done for thousands of years.

    Think about the feelings of the first human who stepped on the soil of what is now Kentucky. Exactly when that event happened, and who that person was, is unknown. But that first person (one of a group that we now call...

  5. chapter 2 Starting a State
    (pp. 15-44)

    There were not clear divisions among the different groups of people. Just as the English fought the French, different Indian tribes fought each other. Sometimes one tribe would support the French, while another would go with the English. As the Europeans divided, so did the Native Americans.

    When they came together, they did so to trade. Barter formed the basis of their economy. The Europeans would bring cheap jewelry, metal goods, weapons, mirrors, strong drink, and more. The Indians would bring deerskins, beaver furs, or other things to trade. They would then talk back and forth, bartering, until they agreed...

  6. chapter 3 Different Kentuckys
    (pp. 45-74)

    Kentucky now has about 4 million people living in it. That places it exactly in the middle of all the states in terms of population. Half of the states have a larger number of people, and half have fewer.

    In the past, Kentucky did not have as many people as it does now. Soon after it became a state, about 221,000 men, women, and children called it home. It grew very fast at first. In fact, by 1840, Kentucky had become the sixth biggest state in the nation in population. Over the years, though, other states grew faster. So Kentucky...

  7. chapter 4 The Government of Kentucky
    (pp. 75-92)

    One definition of government says that it is a system of laws and rules by which a nation, state, or some other organization is directed or governed. The power behind a democratic government comes from the people. In the end, they are the important ones.

    People have formed various kinds of governments for thousands of years. Why do they do that? Part of the reason is that little can happen without some set of rules and people to put those rules into effect. Government gives order to a society. It can protect the safety of people. It can also protect...

  8. chapter 5 Living in Kentucky
    (pp. 93-124)

    In this chapter we will talk about how the average person lived in the past. So you should remember that some lived in worse situations and some in better ones. Some people in certain parts of the state were not like the average at all. The same thing is true now.

    Let’s look at a day in the life of a person soon after Kentucky became a state and compare it to your life.

    When the first person in your home gets up in the morning, an electric alarm clock is probably what awakes him or her. Was that true...

  9. chapter 6 From Statehood to the Civil War
    (pp. 125-144)

    One of those visitors wrote that in Kentucky “every man stands on his own individual merits.” That was not true. Behind the nice towns and friendly people that the visitors described was another Kentucky—the one that refused to let a large number of people in the state go forward on their own merits and ability. These people were kept down because they were enslaved. The visitors said little or nothing about the slaves, even though much of Kentucky’s wealth came from slave labor. Slaves’ lives were part of the hidden story of the state.

    It took the most terrible...

  10. chapter 7 The Civil War and the End of a Century
    (pp. 145-162)

    Kentucky had ties to both North and South. Some people had left the state to go and live in other states. A decade before the war, some 160,000 natives of the state were living in the North, and about 108,000 in the South. The commonwealth was a slave state, like the South. It also had strong business ties to the North, as well as to the South. The Ohio River flowed through states free of slavery, into the Mississippi River, which went south into slave states. The choices were hard.

    Those choices grew even more difficult. The Confederates began shooting...

  11. chapter 8 Working in Kentucky
    (pp. 163-178)

    In the early days, most people in Kentucky made their living on a farm. On the frontier, almost everyone planted corn, for instance. It provided food for people and animals. It also grew tall, and its height kept the ears of corn out of the reach of small animals seeking to eat it. Later, farmers grew other crops on their farms.

    In the years before the Civil War, Kentucky planted many different crops and became one of the richest farming states. In 1840, for example, it ranked first in the United States in the production of wheat and hemp. It...

  12. chapter 9 Words, Music, and More
    (pp. 179-200)

    Kentucky has done very well in many of these areas. People inside and outside the state may not know as much as they should about Kentucky’s writers, artists, musicians, and actors and actresses. In fact, in such fields as writing and music, Kentucky has outdone many other states. Those parts of Kentucky’s culture have been one of the state’s strengths.

    Why has Kentucky shone in those areas? What causes a person to be a great writer or singer? That is a hard question to answer. As you read this chapter, though, see if you notice anything Kentucky writers and singers...

  13. chapter 10 Kentucky in the Twentieth Century
    (pp. 201-224)

    A revolution is a very big change. Often we refer to revolution in regard to government, but revolutions can also occur in other areas. Transportation is how we get from one place to another. In the twentieth century, a transportation revolution took place.

    In 1900, railroad travel was the best and fastest way of getting places. Kentucky had railroads early. Before the Civil War, railroad tracks tied Louisville to Nashville. Railroad trains could move coal or farm products to market faster and could take people from place to place so much more easily than before. You could go to the...

  14. chapter 11 Going to School
    (pp. 225-244)

    One historian wrote that frontier Kentucky “was a battlefield not a schoolground.” Frontier people had to fight for their lives. Setting up schools did not seem so important. Yet, from almost the first year of the settlements, students were being taught, in forts and then in rough schools. People knew that children needed to learn, even with danger all around them.

    Al that time, adults had a different idea about school than most have today. They thought that education should only be a private matter. Even after Kentucky became a state, they did not think the state should pay for...

  15. chapter 12 Today and Tomorrow in Kentucky
    (pp. 245-252)

    To try to piece together what the typical Kentucky person was like at the start of the twenty-first century means we have to use numbers. We will present the average person. Many will be above and below that average. For example, in 2000, 51 percent of the people in Kentucky were women and 49 percent were men. So if you wanted to say who the average Kentuckian was in 2000, you would say a woman, since more people were women. Of course, many of the people in Kentucky were men. What we will do, then, is to describe the average,...

  16. Appendixes
    (pp. 253-266)
  17. Additional Sources for Research
    (pp. 267-268)
  18. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 269-269)
  19. Credits
    (pp. 270-276)
  20. Index
    (pp. 277-294)