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South West Africa and the United Nations

South West Africa and the United Nations

Faye Carroll
Copyright Date: 1967
Pages: 136
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    South West Africa and the United Nations
    Book Description:

    Faye Carrollis an associate professor of political science at Western Kentucky University.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6238-6
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
    (pp. v-viii)
    Faye Carroll
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
    (pp. 1-20)

    Africa in the twentieth century has undergone a rapid and extensive transformation which has expressed itself in national independence and self-determination for black Africans. One may debate the wisdom of independence and self-determination for some African states, but these are the dominant themes of this century, just as colonialism and white supremacy were the accepted values of an earlier era. For better or for worse, most native Africans wish to control their own countries. In some areas of Africa, however, the natives still are denied the most basic human rights. In particular, the political, economic, and social systems of South...

    (pp. 21-29)

    As a part of the post-World War I settlement, the Union of South Africa acquired a League of Nations mandate for South West Africa. This 1919 agreement ended a period of harsh German rule of the territory which had begun when Otto von Bismark declared South West Africa a German protectorate in 1884 and then annexed it formally in 1892. German rule was marked by economic loss and by native revolt, and the German administration did almost nothing to further the economic and political interests of the natives. German policy in South West Africa was designed to exploit cheap native...

    (pp. 30-42)

    Although the chief criticisms of Union administration of the South West Africa mandate made by both the League of Nations and the United Nations have pertained to native policy and annexation attempts, these criticisms have differed significantly. Recent international trends opposed to colonialism and racial discrimination have made the South West Africa issue a political and moral one, and worldwide opinion will not sanction a regime so anachronistic in light of modem political and social philosophy. The European residents of South Africa will not accept this fact, believing they are preserving a superior culture; they might have been wiser had...

    (pp. 43-56)

    From the beginning of the organization in 1946 the United Nations has been faced with the tangled problem of jurisdiction over South West Africa. After unproductive efforts to find a solution through several councils and special committees, their work always complicated by lack of cooperation from the Union of South Africa, the U.N. submitted the dispute to the International Court of Justice in 1950 for an advisory opinion. The court, a U.N. branch, is composed of a panel of judges from disinterested nations elected for nine-year terms, and, if the parties to the dispute request it, two ad hoc judges,...

    (pp. 57-71)

    Although the 1950 opinion of the International Court of Justice clearly gave to the United Nations power to oversee the Union’s administration of South West Africa, the court did not specify the manor of supervision, other than imposing the limitation that U.N. supervision should not exceed that which was authorized under the League of Nations. The court ruled that the U.N. had a right to expect reports and petitions from the Union administration, but the critical reception of the 1946 report which the Union submitted made that government unwilling to continue reporting. Also, the voting procedures of the United Nations...

    (pp. 72-83)

    Within the United Nations since 1946 two approaches toward solution of the South West Africa problem have been dominant. At the outset the predominating attitude favored negotiation and attempts toward compromise with avoidance of pressure tactics. A more recent trend, developing primarily after 1960, has seen compromise as unlikely and has favored a policy designed to force the South Africans into meeting their obligations.

    Most attempts at compromise have faltered because of the Union’s absolute refusal to put South West Africa under trusteeship and the U.N.’s equally stern refusal to permit incorporation of the mandate by the Union. While the...

    (pp. 84-107)

    By 1960 the members of the United Nations were tired of the compromise approach, and they embarked on a more forceful course. This new policy was reflected by the institution of contentious proceedings by Ethiopia and Liberia before the International Court of Justice; the General Assembly’s authorization of a factfinding mission to South West Africa; the designation of the situation in South West Africa as a threat to international peace and security; and the passage of measures designed to establish United Nations presence in South West Africa.

    A number of factors apparently contributed to this change in policy. The repeated...

    (pp. 108-114)

    Although the United Nations has not yet found an acceptable solution to the South West Africa problem, it has made at least seven noteworthy accomplishments in the case. Perhaps the greatest accomplishment is the most obvious. By discussing South Africa’s conduct toward its mandate, the U.N. has kept that issue alive and has provided the medium through which the collective protest and the organized effort of many nations have been channeled. Through the United Nations, South Africa and the world have been aware of the strong feelings of the African, Asian, and Communist countries on the South West Africa question....

  12. APPENDIX South West African Mandate Agreement
    (pp. 115-118)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 119-123)