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A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York's Underground Railways

A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York's Underground Railways

Brian J. Cudahy
Copyright Date: 2003
Published by: Fordham University Press
Pages: 388
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  • Book Info
    A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York's Underground Railways
    Book Description:

    Brian Cudahy offers a fascinating tribute to the world the subway created. Taking a fresh look at one of the marvels of the 20th century, Cudahy creates a vivid sense of this extraordinary achievement-how the city was transformed once New Yorkers started riding in a hole in the ground.

    eISBN: 978-0-8232-4684-7
    Subjects: Transportation Studies

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-x)

    A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York’s Underground Railwayshas been written to help celebrate the centenary of the New York Subway. A hundred years ago, on the afternoon of Thursday, October 27, 1904, New Yorkers walked into various entrance kiosks of the city’s new Interborough Rapid Transit Company, headed down a flight or two of stairs, and took their very first rides under the sidewalks of New York aboard a fleet of new, electric-powered, rapid-transit trains.

    The subway line that opened for business on October 27, 1904, was 9 miles from one end to the other...

    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. 1 August Belmont and His Subway
    (pp. 1-71)

    The subway that opened in the City of New York on the afternoon of Thursday, October 27, 1904, was of modest proportions when compared to the massive rail rapid-transit system that would be carrying New Yorkers on their appointed rounds a hundred years later, on Wednesday, October 27, 2004. In 2004, for example, there are important north-south trunk lines in Manhattan—four-track subways allowing both local and express service—under Eighth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Broadway, Sixth Avenue, and Lexington Avenue. Add to this a modest but separate two-track north-south subway under portions of Sixth Avenue that is part of the...

  6. 2 Change at Park Street Under
    (pp. 72-122)

    The subway opened by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company in New York on the afternoon of September 27, 1904, would become the nucleus of the largest urban mass-transit system in America—and by some measures, the largest in the world. But whatever else one may choose to say about the Interborough in particular and New York subways in general, it may not be said that New York was the first city in the Western Hemisphere to build and operate an underground mass-transit system. That honor forever belongs to Boston. On the day in 1904 when passengers first boarded Interborough trains...

  7. 3 The World’s First Subway
    (pp. 123-181)

    As described in Chapter 2, Boston opened the first subway in North America on September 1, 1897, seven years before the Interborough Rapid Transit Company welcomed passengers aboard New York’s first underground railway in 1904. But Boston’s Tremont Street operation was not the first subway on the face of the earth—orunderthe face of the earth, to be a bit more precise about it. The world’s very first subway opened in London, England, on the Saturday afternoon of January 10, 1863, thirty-three years before the Boston inaugural—and ten days after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation....

  8. 4 New York’s Electrified Railroads
    (pp. 182-275)

    In many cities throughout the world, local mass transport involves multiple styles of railway services. There are, of course, urban-oriented electric railways, commonly operating in belowground tunnels and known as subways—or metro systems, or the underground. These services are often complimented by trains operating between a central city and its outlying suburbs using electric-powered equipment along the routes of railroad companies whose principal markets are longer and intercity in nature.

    Many cities in Europe feature such diverse styles of electric-powered local transport. In the United States, though, the electrification of intercity railroads has achieved relatively modest proportions, and while...

  9. 5 The Legacy of the IRT
    (pp. 276-304)

    For the first quarter-century or so that the New York Subway was in operation, the general popularity of urban mass transit remained on the upswing, and more passengers rode America’s subways, els, and streetcars year after year.¹ The extraordinary expense of building underground subway lines, though, meant that this unique and effective form of high-volume transport saw relatively little replication in the United States, even while public transportation itself was experiencing years of steady growth. As discussed in Chapter 2, Boston built a network of diverse subway lines that connected its downtown core with various residential neighborhoods on the city’s...

    (pp. 305-320)
  11. NOTES
    (pp. 321-366)
    (pp. 367-372)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 373-388)