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Mochlos III: The Late Hellenistic Settlement

Mochlos III: The Late Hellenistic Settlement: The Beam-Press Complex

Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan
Marie-Claude Boileau
Tristan Carter
Amanda Kelly
Andrew Koh
Evi Margaritis
Dimitra Mylona
Eleni Nodarou
Maria Ntinou
David S. Reese
Ian Whitbread
Jeffrey S. Soles
Costis Davaras
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: INSTAP Academic Press
Pages: 238
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  • Book Info
    Mochlos III: The Late Hellenistic Settlement
    Book Description:

    This volume presents the first of several Late Hellenistic buildings that were uncovered on the island of Mochlos, located off the northeastern coast of Crete, during the Greek-American excavations of the last 25 years. It also provides an introduction to the Hellenistic settlement that flourished on the island for nearly a century before it was abandoned. The Hellenistic remains overlay much of the Late Minoan III and Neopalatial settlement. Due to the excavation of both the Bronze Age and later phases of the town, the publication of this Hellenistic building includes paleoenvironmental material (among all the other artifacts), which is often neglected in excavations of historical material. The role that Mochlos played in East Crete is discussed and conclusions are drawn about its relations with Hierapytna during the Late Hellenistic period.

    eISBN: 978-1-62303-384-2
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Preface
    (pp. xv-xvi)
    Jeffrey S. Soles and Costis Davaras
  2. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan
  3. Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

    The island of Mochlos lies at the east end of the Mirabello Bay in East Crete (Figs. 1, 2; Pl. 1). Until sometime in late antiquity, a narrow isthmus connected the small island to the mainland, thus offering to passing ships a shelter on both sides of the isthmus (Leatham and Hood 1958–1959, 273; Soles 2008, fig. 1). The land along the coast to the east of Mochlos consists of a narrow plain, which runs for a distance of ca. 4 km (Soles and Davaras 1992, fig. 1; Soles 2003, fig. 1). Although isolated from the interior of Crete...

  4. 1 Architecture, Stratigraphy, and Household Analysis
    (pp. 5-26)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

    The Beam-Press Complex is located on the south slope of the island of Mochlos (Fig. 3). It was dug in two seasons, in 1991 and 1992, and uncovered by 14 trenches (Fig. 4: Area E3, Trenches 6200– 6700, 7200–7700, 8600–8700). Each trench, measuring 5 x 5 m², was excavated leaving a 1 m wide balk on the northern and eastern sides of the trench. The balks were subsequently removed after they were drawn. Each feature encountered during the course of excavation was dug separately and given a locus number based on the trench numbering system. For example, Locus...

  5. 2 Pottery
    (pp. 27-48)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

    The present study is based on 128 vessels. The ceramic typology is organized by function, thus grouping together vessels made in different fabrics and techniques, both local and imported. Aside from local shapes, function and shape are described according to the terminology established by Susan Rotroff in the Athenian Agora excavation series (Rotroff 1997, 2006a). The catalog consists of pottery from floor assemblages to which matching shapes from other layers have been added (the addition of pottery from unstratified layers is always noted).

    Since the pottery found in the Beam-Press Complex was highly fragmentary and only partially restorable, the catalog...

  6. 3 Stone Implements
    (pp. 49-60)
    Tristan Carter

    The study of the stone implements from the Beam-Press Complex is highly problematic as a significant proportion of the assemblage is almost certainly residual, having little relevance to the activities undertaken in this structure during the late second/early first century B.C. Most of the ground stone, and all the chipped stone, have parallels from Neo- and Postpalatial assemblages at Mochlos, whereby one could choose to ignore all of these artifacts. That said, it is not inconceivable that some of the intact prehistoric ground stone tools were being reused. In elucidating what proportion of this material was being employed in the...

  7. 4 Ceramic, Glass, Metal, and Shell Objects
    (pp. 61-68)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

    The excavation of the Beam-Press Complex yielded a large number of terracotta roof tiles (Figs. 37, 38; Pl. 12), which are mentioned in the excavation notebooks. The notebooks record the discovery of at least one intact pan tile on the floor level of Room 4 with the neck of a transport amphora (III.79; Fig. 25) resting on top of it (see Ch. 1). With few exceptions, however, the roof tiles were not collected systematically during the excavations of 1991 and 1992. In 2001, and in anticipation of the current publication, Amanda Kelly collected and drew a considerable number of tiles...

  8. 5 The Late Hellenistic Settlement at Mochlos and the Political and Economic Sovereignty of Hierapytna
    (pp. 69-78)
    Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

    The Beam-Press Complex forms part of the larger Late Hellenistic settlement at Mochlos. The settlement is located on the south slope of the island and is surrounded by a circuit wall that runs along the southern, eastern, and northern sides of the island (Fig. 3). The abrupt cliffs of the western side would have formed a natural fortification. Most of the buildings are oriented along an east–west axis, and they were built inside this circuit wall. The Beam-Press Complex is one of only two or three buildings found outside the walls of the Hellenistic settlement, a location which may...

  9. Appendix A. Petrographic Analysis of Local and Imported Transport Amphorae from Knossos, Mochlos, and Myrtos Pyrgos
    (pp. 79-102)
    Marie-Claude Boileau and Ian Whitbread
  10. Appendix B. Petrographic Analysis of the Hellenistic Cooking Ware
    (pp. 103-108)
    Eleni Nodarou
  11. Appendix C. Archaeochemical Analysis of Two Amphorae and a Cooking Vessel
    (pp. 109-112)
    Andrew J. Koh
  12. Appendix D. The Animal Bones
    (pp. 113-116)
    Dimitra Mylona
  13. Appendix E. Marine Invertebrates and Land Snails
    (pp. 117-120)
    David S. Reese
  14. Appendix F. The Olive Remains
    (pp. 121-122)
    Evi Margaritis
  15. Concordance A. Field Numbers and Catalog Numbers for Mochlos III
    (pp. 133-136)
  16. Concordance B. Contexts and Catalog Numbers for Mochlos III
    (pp. 137-138)