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The Making of an Arab Nationalist: Ottomanism and Arabism in the Life and Thought of Sati' Al-Husri

The Making of an Arab Nationalist: Ottomanism and Arabism in the Life and Thought of Sati' Al-Husri

William L. Cleveland
Copyright Date: 1971
Pages: 228
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    The Making of an Arab Nationalist: Ottomanism and Arabism in the Life and Thought of Sati' Al-Husri
    Book Description:

    A loyal servant of the Ottoman Empire in his early career, Sati' al-Husri (1880-1968) became one of Arab nationalism's most articulate and influential spokesmen. His shift from Ottomanism, based on religion and the multi-national empire, to Arabism, defined by secular loyalties and the concept of an Arab nation, is the theme of William Cleveland's account of "the making of an Arab nationalist."

    Originally published in 1972.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6776-9
    Subjects: History, Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-v)
  2. A Note on Transliteration
    (pp. vi-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. ix-xiv)

    This study seeks to explore an aspect of Arab nationalism which entailed the transition from Ottomanism to Arabism as exemplified in the life and thought of Sati‘ al-Husri (1880–1968) who has long been recognized in the Arab world as one of the most outspoken exponents of secular pan-Arab nationalism. As educator, ideologue, prolific author, lecturer, and confidant of King Faysal, he exerted considerable influence on educated Arab opinion in the decades following the end of the First World War. What attention he has received from scholars has quite naturally been restricted to his Arab nationalist thought.¹ Such a focus...

  5. Table of Contents
    (pp. xv-xvi)

    • CHAPTER 1 The Ottoman
      (pp. 3-46)

      During the thirty years from the Congress of Berlin in 1878 to the Young Turk revolution of 1908 various efforts were made to preserve the Ottoman Empire from further territorial dismemberment and to seek a means of internal consolidation and cohesion. The success of these attempts depended on military and administrative reform and on the ability of the multinational, multireligious, multilingual Empire to evolve a comprehensive basis of loyalty on which Balkan nationalists, Western-oriented intellectuals, and Muslim religious authorities could focus. The reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II (1876–1909) was filled with the efforts of these groups to achieve a...

    • CHAPTER 2 The Spokesman of Arab Nationalism, 1919–1968
      (pp. 47-80)

      The immediate post-war years in the Arab Middle East were filled with disillusioned hopes, confused negotiations, and armed revolt. Sati‘ al-Husri quickly became involved in the mainstream of these events and played a role of some importance in their unfolding. Thus, while a detailed discussion of the period will not be attempted here, a background summary must be presented.

      When the Sharif of Mecca, Husayn ibn ‘Ali, proclaimed the Arab revolt on the side of the Allies in June 1916, he felt that his long correspondence with the British High Commissioner in Cairo, Sir Henry McMahon, had resulted in a...


    • CHAPTER 3 Defining the Nation
      (pp. 83-127)

      As has been seen, the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I resulted in the partition and occupation of its Arab provinces. Foreign mandates were imposed in Palestine, Greater Syria, Iraq, and Transjordan. British forces also remained in Egypt which had been declared a protectorate during the war. This occupation disrupted the Ottoman system under which the Arab provinces had been governed by a central administration, and the resulting political division tended to obscure the vague concept of an Arab state which had emerged during the war. In addition, not only was the temporal authority of the Ottoman...

    • CHAPTER 4 Arabism First: The Call for Unity
      (pp. 128-175)

      It has been suggested that the growth of pessimism, negativism, and cynicism was the principal characteristic of the Arab nationalist movement between the two world wars.¹ Certainly, articulate Arab opinion in this period found a constant source of bitterness in the division and occupation of Arab territories by Britain and France. Imperialist machinations were blamed for the failure of a unified Arab nation to emerge from the Arab revolt. As a result, the inter-war Arab independence movements, whether particularist or broadly national, were couched in anti-Western slogans. Indeed, even after independence was achieved, imperialist plots were frequently seen lurking behind...

  8. CHAPTER 5 Conclusion
    (pp. 176-182)

    As this study has indicated, the attempts to reformulate old or to establish new bases on which personal loyalty and identity could focus constituted a prolonged and controversial debate in modern Ottoman and Arab history. Sati‘ al-Husri, as his published works and his personal career indicate, was deeply involved in this debate, first as an Ottoman and later as an advocate of Arab nationalism. Until the end of the First World War, his educational background and his career experiences were manifested in his position as a loyal Ottoman. During this period, he believed in the preservation and consolidation of the...

  9. Selected Bibliography
    (pp. 185-206)
  10. Index
    (pp. 207-211)