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Human Fertility in Russia Since the Nineteenth Century

Human Fertility in Russia Since the Nineteenth Century

Copyright Date: 1979
Pages: 312
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  • Book Info
    Human Fertility in Russia Since the Nineteenth Century
    Book Description:

    The birth rate in late-nineteenth century Russia was high and virtually constant, but by 1970 it had fallen by about two-thirds. Although similar reductions have occurred in other countries, the decline in Russian fertility is of particular interest because it took place in a setting of great ethnic heterogeneity and under economic and social institutions different from those in the West. This book tells the full statistical story of trends in Russian fertility since the first census in 1897 by examining the conditions-social, economic, cultural, and demographic-that existed at the beginning of and during the decline in human fertility.

    Originally published in 1979.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6778-3
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Tables
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. List of Figures
    (pp. xi-xviii)
  5. List of Maps
    (pp. xix-xx)
  6. Preface
    (pp. xxi-2)
    Ansley J. Coale, Barbara A. Anderson and Erna Härm
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction
    (pp. 3-14)

    In the last two centuries, two widely occurring basic changes in the dynamics of population have profoundly modified the lifetime experience of individuals and the structure of the societies in which they live: a dramatic increase in the average duration of life; and a dramatic decrease in the average number of children women bear by the end of their potentially fertile years. The mean length of life has increased as the risk of dying has been reduced at every age because of increases in real income and improvements in preventive and curative medicine; the number of children born has declined...

  8. Chapter 2: The Evolution of Marital Fertility in European Russia
    (pp. 15-84)

    The subject of this chapter—how marital fertility has changed in European Russia—was the original main target of analysis when work on Russia was begun as part of the European Fertility Project. As the work progressed, the subject matter broadened to include the quite different trends of fertility in some of the non-European parts of Russia, partly because of possible parallels between the changes in fertility in the non-European populations of Russia and in less developed areas outside Russia. However, discussion of fertility in the non-European areas in Russia is deferred until the next chapter.

    Estimates of the year-by-year...

  9. Chapter 3: Marital Fertility in Central Asia and the Transcaucasus
    (pp. 85-121)

    In Chapter 2 we noted the strong apparent influence of nationality on marital fertility within European Russia, in particular, the high fertility that continued to a late date in those ASSRs that contained a high proportion of non-European (Eastern) nationalities. By all accounts, the Kazakhs, Kirgiz, Tadzhik, Uzbeks, Turkmen, and Azerbaidzhani who inhabit the areas that now constitute the republics of Central Asia and the Transcaucasus are at least as strongly non-European in culture and tradition as any of the titular nationalities within these ASSRs. Therefore, there is reason to expect that we shall find that the course of marital...

  10. Chapter 4: Variations in Im: The Proportions Married Among Potentially Fertile Women in the Union Republics, 1897 to 1970
    (pp. 122-146)

    The most surprising feature found in the two preceding chapters is the course of marital fertility from 1926 to 1970 in the rural population of a number of the non-European republics of the Soviet Union.Igwas unexpectedly low in these areas in 1926 (and in 1897 as well), and unexpectedly rose to high levels in 1959 and 1970. The populations experiencing surprisingly low marital fertility at an early date were populations with very high proportions married. In this chapter we shall describe more fully the proportions married by age in these republics and compare them with nuptiality elsewhere. We...

  11. Chapter 5: Variations in Nuptiality Among the Provinces of European Russia in 1897
    (pp. 147-178)

    This chapter addresses questions about nuptiality in Russia that were omitted from the analysis in Chapter 4 of the different trends in marriage among the Union republics since the beginning of this century. In Chapter 4 we saw that the extraordinary diversity of marriage patterns within Russia in 1897 has since been greatly reduced. This convergence, resulting from the partial abandonment in different subpopulations of very early and of very late first marriage, has also occurred in the recent history of selected non-Russian populations. We are led to conclude that the abandonment of such extremes in age at marriage has...

  12. Chapter 6: Summary of Fertility Change in Russia: The March of the Ellipses
    (pp. 179-206)

    Throughout this study, the description of changing fertility in various subpopulations in Russia has taken the form of separate treatment of two constituent components of overall childbearing performance: marital fertility (the subject of Chapters 2 and 3) and proportions married (Chapters 4 and 5). In this summary chapter, the two components are considered simultaneously.

    In comparing the fertility of different populations (or in tracing changes in fertility through time), the three principal fertility indexes can be depicted in the same graphical presentation. Each combination of marital fertility (Ig) and proportion married (Im) in a given population at a given time...

  13. Appendix A: Adjustments and Estimates Used in Calculating the Basic Fertility Indexes
    (pp. 207-246)
  14. Appendix B: Notes on the Age Distribution of Nationalities in 1959 and 1970
    (pp. 247-250)
  15. Appendix C: Notes on the Fertility of the Nonmarried Population
    (pp. 251-256)
  16. Appendix D: Data Sources for Fertility Indexes
    (pp. 257-260)
  17. Notes
    (pp. 261-272)
  18. References
    (pp. 273-278)
  19. Index
    (pp. 279-285)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 286-286)