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The Dimensions of Quantitative Research in History

The Dimensions of Quantitative Research in History

William O. Aydelotte
Allan G. Bogue
Robert William Fogel
William O. Aydelotte
Allan G. Bogue
Philip Dawson
Robert William Fogel
Ellen Jane Hollingsworth
J. Rogers Hollingsworth
Gerald H. Kramer
Susan J. Lepper
Jack L. Rutner
Gilbert Shapiro
Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone
Lawrence Stone
Stephan Thernstrom
Charles Tilly
Copyright Date: 1972
Pages: 449
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  • Book Info
    The Dimensions of Quantitative Research in History
    Book Description:

    Nine papers consider problems in American, French, and British history that range from economic history to political behavior and social structure.

    Originally published in 1976.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6712-7
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Robert William Fogel
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-2)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. 3-55)

    This collection of essays, dealing with the applicability of mathematical methods to history, is designed as a teaching vehicle. Its purpose is to show by some examples the way in which quantitative methods can be used and have recently been used in historical research. The object is to demonstrate the advantages and limitations of these methods for historical purposes, not by an abstract discussion of methodology, but by a series of essays that attempt to apply such methods to a wide range of concrete historical problems.

    The decision to emphasize substantive research, and to refrain from including any papers devoted...

  6. I Country Houses and Their Owners in Hertfordshire, 1540-1879
    (pp. 56-123)

    This essay is part of a larger study which is designed to apply statistical methods of analysis to data of varying quality, in order to test some subjective impressions and traditional assumptions about English social structure and social mobility in the Early Modern and Modern periods.* It is generally agreed that England was historically the first of the modernizing societies of the world, and in particular that she was the first to industrialize and the first to evolve a stable and broad based constitutional structure. For over a century it has been part of conventional wisdom that these phenomena can...

  7. II Religion and Occupational Mobility in Boston, 1880-1963
    (pp. 124-158)

    That religion is an element in social stratification has been plain since the seminal work of Max Weber early in this century.¹ Weber’s work generated a substantial literature dealing with the relationship between religious affiliation and social status in various societies, and with religious differences in rates and patterns of social mobility. Weber’s chief aim, of course, was to establish the connection between religious ideology and the emerging “spirit of capitalism” in precapitalist society, but a corollary of his analysis was the proposition that exposure to “the Protestant ethic” would continue to predispose Protestants to success in the market place...

  8. III Social Mobility and Political Radicalism: The Case of the French Revolution of 1789
    (pp. 159-191)

    The concept of social mobility has long been an overworked and mistreated servant of both ideology and theory.* Recently, careful definition of the concept and measurement of the phenomenon have begun to be achieved. Little progress has as yet been made, however, in analyzing the influences of different sorts and degrees of mobility upon the other variables that characterize social systems, even though it was these influences that originally drew attention to social mobility itself. Prominent among them, in a wide range of social theories, has been the supposed relationship between social mobility and political behavior, especially behavior directed toward...

  9. IV How Protest Modernized in France, 1845-1855
    (pp. 192-255)

    One familiar argument says that the early stages of industrialization shatter the stability of traditional societies and therefore incite the rapid swelling of violent protest.* Another familiar argument tells us that mature industrialism brings a gradual dwindling of violent protest. Combined, the two arguments produce the expectation that over the course of industrialization violent protest will first increase quickly and then decline slowly, the peak coming early in the process:

    The arguments which lead to this expectation are quite diverse in detail. They range from examinations of the organizational logic of protest movements to analyses of the changing gap between...

  10. V Congressional Elections
    (pp. 256-284)

    The outcome of any single election contest is the product of many factors.* Some of these influences—an unfortunate turn of phrase in a campaign speech, the weather on election day, a dramatic encounter or debate between opposing candidates—are quite accidental and specific to the election in question. Their historical importance lies in their role in helping to determine who wields the power of a particular office at a particular time. Other factors, however, are the result of more permanent structural regularities in the behavior of the electorate. To the extent that these behavioral regularities are important, they prevent...

  11. VI Some Dimensions of Power in the Thirty-Seventh Senate
    (pp. 285-318)

    “On coming on any form of organized activity,” wrote John Kenneth Galbraith, “—a church, platoon, government bureau, congressional committee, a house of casual pleasure—our first instinct is to inquire who is in charge.”¹ The concept of power both fascinates and frustrates the scholar.² Its complex foundations and its varied manifestations, both crude and subtle, provide the social analyst with almost endless opportunities for speculation and theoretical formulation. Deceptively easy to explain in simple terms, it is often extremely difficult to study in practice. Men who wield it sometimes conceal the fact; others who occupy positions adorned with the...

  12. VII The Disintegration of the Conservative Party in the 1840s: A Study of Political Attitudes
    (pp. 319-346)

    This paper raises, in a small context, a large question: the relation of parties to issues.* This question, or various aspects of it, has been extensively discussed over the past century, by both scholars and laymen. I have summarized elsewhere some of the arguments that have been advanced¹ and need not repeat myself. It suffices to say here that there is strong testimony, from many who have given attention to the subject, to the effect that parties are not related to issues and are not doctrinal bodies, that major issues of controversy are often not party questions, that parties in...

  13. VIII Expenditures in American Cities
    (pp. 347-389)

    The central concern of this study is with the following question: why did some American city governments spend more money than others at the beginning of the twentieth century* Much of the analysis will be confined to an assessment of the influence of social and economic characteristics on public spending. Of course, the study of the social and economic basis of politics is not new in the literature of political science, as demonstrated by the writings of Aristotle, De Tocqueville, Marx, and Beard. But now that scholars have shifted their emphasis from particular institutions, defined in legalistic terms, research which...

  14. IX The Efficiency Effects of Federal Land Policy, 1850-1900: A Report of Some Provisional Findings
    (pp. 390-418)

    The historiography of federal land policy has grown with great rapidity since the mid-1930s.* The bibliography to Paul W. Gates’s prodigious new study of public land policy lists over 650 books and articles.¹ Two-thirds of these were published during the past 35 years. The main thrust of opinion in this literature with respect to the performance of the government is quite negative. The various criticisms can be divided into two categories—efficiency issues and equity issues.

    The argument over efficiency turns on the effect of certain measures on the level of national income. Those who criticize federal land policy on...

  15. Appendix
    (pp. 419-423)
  16. The Contributors
    (pp. 424-426)
  17. Index
    (pp. 427-435)