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The Integration of Descendants of Migrants from Turkey in Stockholm

The Integration of Descendants of Migrants from Turkey in Stockholm: The TIES Study in Sweden

Edited by Charles Westin
Copyright Date: 2015
Pages: 144
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  • Book Info
    The Integration of Descendants of Migrants from Turkey in Stockholm
    Book Description:

    This timely book, which is based on the results of the Integration of the Second Generation in Europe survey, presents the disturbing results of a recent study in Stockholm that examines the experiences of residents descended from Turkish migrants. Focusing on three different ethno-national groups-Turks, Kurds, and Syriacs-the contributors explore issues such as identity, family situation, language use, education, labor market experiences, and employment. The essays highlight the varying degrees of success each group has achieved in the process of trying to integrate into Stockholm society. The book also examines the widespread discrimination and exclusion the descendants of migrants experience. As a whole, this volume shows a troubling picture of the obstacles faced by immigrant new societies.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-2695-6
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-8)
  3. Acknowledgements and contributors
    (pp. 9-10)
    Charles Westin
  4. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 11-24)
    Charles Westin, Alireza Behtoui, Constanza Vera Larrucea and Ali Osman

    This report is the result of a study about descendants of migrants from Turkey in Sweden as part of an international research project entitled ‘Integration of the European Second Generation’ (TIES). The objective of the project is to investigate the integration process of the descendants of migrants from Turkey, the former Yugoslavia and Morocco in various fields, including education, the labour market, social relations and identity formation in eight European countries. Studies in this area, irrespective of whether they are national or international, qualitative or quantitative, often erroneously treat migrants and their descendants as a homogenous category. In this study...

  5. 2 Historical and demographic considerations
    (pp. 25-42)
    Constanza Vera Larrucea

    This chapter provides some basic information about migration from Turkey to Sweden, and situates it in Sweden’s immigration history and integration policies. The Swedish case shows certain differences in migratory trends when compared to other European countries represented in this study. Such differences are likely to have affected the characteristics of the migrants from Turkey and their descendants. In order to enable our understanding of the data presented in the coming chapters, some basic information about the target group will be presented here. Demographic data about age, marital status, household position and citizenship will be introduced so as to give...

  6. 3 Educational achievement
    (pp. 43-56)
    Alireza Behtoui

    Three types of theories explain social or ‘ethnic’ group differences and inequalities in educational achievements. The first type of theory argues that the difference in educational achievement is the consequence of general social class inequality in society (Mayer 2001). According to this theory, the educational differences in countries like Sweden are likely to be lower than in countries with larger class differences. The second type of theory underlines the importance of economic development (modernisation) for reducing educational differences and argues that the importance of socioeconomic background as the principal explanatory factor is declining, and that in developed north-western countries, ascribed...

  7. 4 Social capital
    (pp. 57-68)
    Alireza Behtoui

    The aim of this chapter is to shed light on the social relations (friendship, partnership) maintained by descendants of migrants from Turkey in comparison with young people of native origin. We begin with a description of the ‘ethnic’ character and educational patterns of friendship in secondary school and current friendship. A descriptive overview of the findings on the marriage pattern of young descendants of migrants and of young people of native origin is given in the next section.

    Research on young people of migrant descent in European countries shows that when human-capital characteristics are controlled for, the descendants of migrant...

  8. 5 Perceptions of discrimination
    (pp. 69-78)
    Alireza Behtoui

    This chapter presents our findings from the survey on the subject of discrimination, i.e. when members of the target group and members of the reference group responded to questions about ‘inter-ethnic-group’ relations in Sweden.

    Studies in the field of perceiving discrimination distinguish between how individuals from subordinate groups (for example, women or stigmatised migrant groups) express theirpersonalexperiences of discrimination on the one hand, and their views about discrimination directed at theirgroupon the other, and emphasise a discrepancy between views aboutpersonaldiscrimination and those aboutgroupdiscrimination (see, for example, Taylor, Ruggiero & Wright 1991).


  9. 6 Identity: Belonging, language and transnationalism
    (pp. 79-102)
    Constanza Vera Larrucea

    This chapter takes a closer look at various circumstances associated with identity manifestations of descendants of migrants. Having a migrant background affects one’s identity in various ways. One’s roots – which are characterised by emotional attachments to both one’s parents’ country of birth and one’s own country of birth – are not static, and it is possible to combine these varied aspects of one’s identity. However, the boundaries between these multiple belongings may become blurred in everyday experience. The TIES questionnaire was specifically designed to enable analysis of multiple belongings. Our questions look for categorical identities, which refer toquasi groups(Freedman...

  10. 7 The labour market
    (pp. 103-124)
    Lena Schröder

    In this chapter we will take a closer look at the situation for young people entering the labour market over the past fifteen years. This period shows large fluctuations in the general state of the labour market, as reflected in employment and unemployment levels.

    Up until the 1990s, unemployment rates among the adult population seldom rose above 2 per cent of the labour force, while youth unemployment was approximately twice as high. At the beginning of the 1990s, however, the Swedish economy was hit by a severe crisis. In spite of extensive labour market programmes, unemployment rose to levels not...

  11. 8 Conclusions
    (pp. 125-134)
    Alireza Behtoui

    Earlier Swedish research indicates widespread exclusionary attitudes and discriminatory treatment of people of migrant backgrounds from countries outside North-western Europe and North America (Mella & Palm 2007; Arai & Thoursie 2007). In line with these previous findings, chapter 5 on ‘perceptions of discrimination’ in this report indicates a tough climate facing those who are categorised as ‘Muslims’. After 9-11, these attitudes seem to have turned into overt hostility. The TIES data provide information about how Swedish schools were segregated during the period in which the respondents attended primary school. More than three out of four young people with a background...

  12. Back Matter
    (pp. 135-140)