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The Peacekeeping Economy

The Peacekeeping Economy

Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: Yale University Press
Pages: 352
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  • Book Info
    The Peacekeeping Economy
    Book Description:

    The idea that military strength is virtually synonymous with security is deeply entrenched and widely held. But while the threat or use of military force may sometimes be necessary, it cannot keep us as safe as we would be by building relationships that replace hostility with a sense of mutual purpose and mutual gain. Economic relationships, says Lloyd J. Dumas, can offer a far more effective, and far less costly, means of maintaining security. After defining the right kind of economic relationship-one that is balanced and nonexploitative, emphasizes development, and minimizes environmental damage-Dumas then addresses some practical concerns in establishing and maintaining these relationships. He also considers the practical problems of the transition from military-based security arrangements to "economic peacekeeping," and the effects of demilitarized security on economic development and prosperity.

    eISBN: 978-0-300-17794-7
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xiv)

    • 1 The Hopeful Science
      (pp. 3-15)

      We live in a troubled and insecure world. As the economic, political, and cultural processes of globalization draw us closer together, enabled by technological revolutions in transportation and telecommunication, it becomes increasingly obvious that the problems of any one part of the globe are now problems for us all. The collapse of the Thai currency in 1997 not only caused major economic shock waves in nearby Malaysia, Korea, the Philippines, and Indonesia but also threatened the economies of nations as far away as Russia, Nigeria, and Brazil.¹ The discontent of a handful of Saudis, encouraged and supported by the scion...

    • 2 Laying the Foundations
      (pp. 16-36)

      For thousands of years, there was only a marginal relationship between war and the economy. As human settlements grew larger, rulers had to raise sufficient funds to pay for the tools of war and the armies to wield them. But most of the population had little stake in the conduct or outcome of war. Their lives, particularly their economic lives, went on as before. All that began to change a little more than two hundred years ago.

      The last decade of the eighteenth century saw the birth of the first mass army raised by conscription from the general population, as...

    • 3 The Core Principles of Economic Peacekeeping
      (pp. 37-97)

      Since the end of world war II there has been great progress in establishing treaties and institutions aimed at creating a working body of international law and acceptable practice. Still, the international legal and political environment remains essentially anarchic. It is not possible to rely confidently on an overarching, authoritative, and enforceable system of international law or governance to bind the behavior of nations, and only slightly more possible to rely indirectly on such a system to bind the behavior of global businesses or individuals.¹

      As a result, nation-states are still more or less independent actors, able to accept or...

    • 4 Making It Happen: Building a Peacekeeping Economy in the “Real World”
      (pp. 98-151)

      It is one thing to propose a set of principles on which a new paradigm for achieving international security can be built; it is quite another to design practical approaches that can be used to build and maintain it. Though that is very important, it is not possible to fill in all the details of such an enormous project here. Instead, in this chapter I will try only to illustrate a set of practical approaches that can be used to implement the principles, and in the next to give examples of the kinds of new or modified institutions and structures...

    • 5 Making It Stronger: Organizations and Institutions
      (pp. 152-207)

      It may be true, as Douglass North reminds us, that “the process of change is overwhelmingly an incremental one.”¹ But creating progressive change requires more than just an incremental approach. It requires a combination of both vision and pragmatism: a vision of a working reality thatcouldbe, and a practical plan for getting from here to there. Without a broader vision to guide it, it is an accident if incremental pragmatism ever leads us anywhere we really want to go. Without a practical plan, the most appealing and achievable vision remains a distant dream. It was motivational and not...

    • 6 Does Globalization Contribute to Economic Peacekeeping?
      (pp. 208-248)

      Much has been written about the ongoing process of heightened world- wide economic, political, and cultural integration that has come to be known as “globalization.” Its most ardent advocates claim that it is leading us inexorably toward a world of unprecedented prosperity, a world where borders don’t matter and all of us have access to the same opportunities to succeed in life. Its most ardent opponents claim that it is riding roughshod over cultural, political, and social diversity, provoking a “race to the bottom” of the economic barrel for an increasing proportion of the earth’s population and, in the process,...


    • 7 The Economic Promise of Demilitarized Security
      (pp. 251-276)

      Although building a peacekeeping international economy will set us on a more effective and much less violent path toward peace and security, it is unlikely that by itself it will eliminate the need for military forces. Despite the web of strong positive incentives to avoid violent conflict and the threat of painful negative sanctions, there may occasionally be bad actors in the international system against whom the threat or use of military force will still be a valuable tool. But a peacekeeping economy will allow us to back away from reliance on military force as our primary means to security...

    • 8 Removing Barriers to Demilitarized Security: Managing the Transition
      (pp. 277-297)

      Even if the idea of economic peacekeeping becomes accepted as an effective primary security strategy, it will still be necessary to overcome political resistance to the change, rooted in the vested interests of those workers, businesses, and communities who believe their economic success—in terms of jobs, profits, and tax base—is closely tied to the military-oriented security system. In the U.S., for example, since the early 1950s the “jobs argument” (“thousands of jobs will be lost if this military project is cut”) has been a powerful political obstacle to serious cutbacks in any sizeable weapons program, no matter how...

    • 9 Extending Demilitarized Security: Economic Peacekeeping and Nonviolent Action
      (pp. 298-319)

      The peacekeeping international economy offers the promise of greater prosperity and security by transforming an international security system based primarily on the threat or use of force into one that relies primarily on strong positive incentives to keep the peace. If conscientiously applied within as well as between countries, peacekeeping economic principles will help to prevent the eruption of both interstate and intrastate violence and war. But what happens if and when the system of positive incentives fails to prevent external war or internal brutality and repression?

      There are circumstances in which the use of military force in defense of...

    • 10 Demilitarized Security, Development, and Terrorism
      (pp. 320-344)

      With the unraveling of colonialism in the nineteenth century in Latin America and in the second half of the twentieth century in Asia and Africa came the promise of more rapid development. Freed of their colonial masters, the people of the newly independent countries were told by national political leaders that they could expect a rising tide of material well-being, as well as greater political freedom. In the 1950s, those relatively few academic economists who paid attention to economic development were optimistic about the possibilities for reducing disparities between the more developed countries (MDCs) and the less developed countries (LDCs)....


    • 11 Bringing It All Together: Toward a More Prosperous and Secure World
      (pp. 347-366)

      The idea that military strength is virtually synonymous with security is deeply entrenched and widely held. For many, it is close to an unquestioned article of faith. But it is simply not true. Security is and always has been primarily a matter of relationships. The threat or use of violent force may sometimes be needed to protect us against those who would do us harm, but it is never capable of keeping us as safe as building relationships that replace hostility with a sense of mutual purpose and mutual gain. Peace is always more secure and robust when we have...

  8. NOTES
    (pp. 367-404)
  9. INDEX
    (pp. 405-418)