The rich array of historical names for different sizes of bassoons falls into four families, which overstep national boundaries of language. One refers to its shortened aspect:
Curtal, curtail, storta, stortito, Stört, sztort, etc.
Another refers to its supposedly gentle sound:
Dulcian,Dulzian, dolziana, dulcin, etc.
A third refers to its archetypical bass register (even when made in other, non-bass sizes):
Bassoon,basson, bassono, basoncico, bajón, vajon, bajoncillo, bajica, etc.
The fourth refers to its supposed resemblance to a bundle of sticks:
Fagot, Fagott, fagotto, Vagot, Fagoth, facotto, fagottino, fagotilho, etc.
But ambiguities abounded.Stortowas a common name for...