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The Corals of Hong Kong

The Corals of Hong Kong

P.J.B. Scott
Copyright Date: 1984
Pages: 120
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  • Book Info
    The Corals of Hong Kong
    Book Description:

    The world economy is facing unprecedented challenges brought by the still unfolding global financial crisis. At this critical juncture in history, China's economic performance and financial stability are closely watched across the world. The current global economic downturn and the rigidities it poses on the growth prospects of any individual economy are a testing ground for the effects of China's corporate governance reform and financial reform that have been taking place in recent years. It is now a proper time to assess whether these reforms have yielded meaningful results which can help China withstand and navigate through the most severe economic difficulties of our times. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review and critique of corporate governance reforms and related financial reforms in China during the country's transition to a market economy, involving its enterprise, banking and capital markets sectors. China's participation in economic globalization, symbolized by its accession to the World Trade Organization, is taken as a broad background to the country's domestic reform agenda. By exploring the dynamics of China's evolving corporate governance regime, this book presents an important country study of corporate governance reforms in developing and post-communist transition economies to show the possibility of alternative paths to the market.

    eISBN: 978-988-220-090-6
    Subjects: Aquatic Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. 1. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    For centuries Polynesians have lived in their tropical paradise, canoeing over reefs, fishing and collecting crustaceans and edible shells which live in coral crevices. The limestone skeletons have long been recognized as useful building material and fertilizer. With understandable awe of the spectacular beauty, early coastal peoples used the shells of rare reef animals, such as cowries, for currency. Gradually, unquestioning exploitation gave way to curiosity about the nature of the creators of such magnificent structures. Some 2,200 years ago the indefatigable intellectual, Aristotle; discussed the biology of Zoophytes (flower animals) in De Incessu Animalium.

    Even such a fundamental question...

  5. 2. Coral Biology
    (pp. 3-16)

    Reef-building corals belong to the phylum Coelenterata (or Cnidaria). Because of the level of organization of these animals, coelenterates are placed between the phylum Porifera (sponges), which are very simple animals with no real cellular organization, and the more complex phylum Ctenophora (sea gooseberries). Coelenterates are characterized by two cell layers, radial or biradial symmetry, a gut-cavity or coelenteron with a single opening and a diffused nerve net with no central brain.

    Due to a similar superficial appearance, coelenterates are often confused with and placed in the same phylum as the Ctenophores. Closer inspection, however, shows that, unlike the sea...

  6. 3. Coral Reefs
    (pp. 17-40)

    Scleractinians are the world’s greatest hosts. They feed and shelter a greater variety of organisms than any other animal on earth. Primary architects of the most extensive and palatial residences in the sea, their guests range from insignificant plankton carried by currents over the reef into mouths passively and perpetually opened in acceptance of this bounty, to large, active predators like the reef sharks, patrolling restlessly, endlessly, gracefully in a head-wagging hunt for the wounded and the weak. Representatives of every major animal phylum live in, on, around, over and attached to the chambers corals build. Feeding on the coral,...

  7. 4. Coral Conservation
    (pp. 41-42)

    The destruction of coral around Hong Kong shores has been considerable, as the countless dead colonies in proximity to spreading pollution, reclamation and dumping sites confirm. Along with the corals, of course, die innumerable associates to whom they are essential for life. These silted skeletons are a depressing testimony to the effects of careless development, lack of planning and ignorance of ecology.

    Many of these areas were flourishing as recently as ten years ago. Long-time sailors and divers report cases where they have personally seen the decline of marine life. Some tell of coral, now replaced by hardier species of...

  8. 5. A Species List of Hong Kong Corals
    (pp. 43-94)

    The following pages contain information on individual coral species found in Hong Kong. All the common ones are included as well as some uncommon and rare species. Categories used under the heading ‘Abundance’ are designed to give an indication of the possibility of encountering these corals:

    Ubiquitous — found almost anywhere corals can survive.

    Very common — found at most coral sites.

    Common — more likely than not to be included in a species list from a coral community.

    Uncommon — unlikely to be included in a species list or localized in distribution.

    Rare — only one or a few...

  9. Glossary
    (pp. 95-98)
  10. Bibliography
    (pp. 99-104)
  11. Index
    (pp. 105-112)