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The Making of Women Entrepreneurs in Hong Kong

The Making of Women Entrepreneurs in Hong Kong

Priscilla Pue Ho CHU
Copyright Date: 2004
Pages: 224
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  • Book Info
    The Making of Women Entrepreneurs in Hong Kong
    Book Description:

    This book provides a detailed account of Chinese industrial entrepreneurs, and describes and explains the phenomena of women entrepreneurship in Hong Kong. It addresses two main issues: first, the characteristics of Chinese entrepreneurship and women entrepreneurs; second, the factors that constitute the making of Chinese women entrepreneurs in Hong Kong. From in-depth personal interviews, Priscilla Chu examines the entrepreneur as a person, and as a member of family, organization and society. Having thus established the characteristic features of Chinese entrepreneurship in general, and female entrepreneurship in particular, the author builds a model to summarize the making of female entrepreneurs in Hong Kong, a model which is significantly different from that for male and Western counterparts. The study analyses the distinct Chinese entrepreneurship in relation to familism, Chinese work ethics, family and organizational conditions, and societal and cultural contexts.

    eISBN: 978-988-220-212-2
    Subjects: Economics

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. vi-viii)
  4. Foreword
    (pp. ix-x)
    Wong Siu-lun

    Hong Kong thrives on entrepreneurship, which is clearly a dynamic force of business innovations that drives our economy forward. Yet this force of dynamism remains poorly understood. Much of it is still cloaked in mystery, and one of the most mysterious aspects is the imbalance in gender. The entrepreneurial force as we find it in Hong Kong is made up mostly of men; there are preciously few women who set up on their own as entrepreneurs. This is surprising, as the gender barrier has been crushed in most sectors of the Hong Kong economy. Women have made their mark as...

  5. Preface
    (pp. xi-xii)
    Priscilla Pue Ho Chu
  6. CHAPTER 1 Introduction
    (pp. 1-30)

    This book is focused on the social and economic life of female entrepreneurs in Hong Kong and how it manifests itself through industrial entrepreneurship. Three major background factors should be considered. First, the conceptual and business climate in Asia, with growing markets and production centres in the Peopleʹs Republic of China, Thailand and Malaysia, and the impressive economic development of the newly industrialized countries of Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore, has been overwhelming and has become a lesson for other developing countries. In particular, the outstanding economic success of Hong Kong, progressing from industrial export leader to financial centre,...

  7. CHAPTER 2 The Woman Entrepreneur as a Person
    (pp. 31-62)

    To understand the woman entrepreneur as a person, it is necessary to study her psychological and sociological background. These factors contribute to the characteristics of women entrepreneurs.

    The psychological aspects of entrepreneurs* have been a rather favoured research topic over the years. Churchill and Lewis (1986) state that there are more empirical studies involving characteristics of entrepreneurs than almost any other kind. Such empirical studies usually fall into two groups: those that attempt to associate various characteristics with entrepreneurship (Brockhaus, 1980); and those that attempt to use characteristics to predict the entrepreneurial performance (Sandberg, 1986). A large number of both...

  8. CHAPTER 3 The Woman Entrepreneur as a Member
    (pp. 63-110)

    The environment includes internal conditions of organization and family and the external conditions of the society that the women entrepreneurs have to cope with. This chapter is concerned with these conditions and the woman entrepreneurʹs characteristics as a member of family, organization and society.

    The role of environmental conditions in developing entrepreneurship has been recognized (Aldrich, 1990). However, the majority of studies have been fragmented and descriptive (Gnyawali and Fogel, 1994). The studies concentrated on environmental conditions such as government policies and procedures (Young and Welsch, 1993; Dana, 1990), socioeconomic conditions (Phillips, 1993; Davidsson, 1991), entrepreneurial and business skills (Phillips,...

  9. CHAPTER 4 Female Entrepreneurship
    (pp. 111-138)

    Bygrave (1989) considers that entrepreneurship research has borrowed its methods and theories from other sciences. The models of other sciences tend to describe smooth, linear changes that do not fit disjointed entrepreneurial events. Stevenson and Harmeling (1990) argue that entrepreneurial managers need a more chaotic theory. Gartner (1993) explores the issue that the words used to talk about entrepreneurship are critical to the development of a theory of entrepreneurship and suggests that the issue is larger than merely one of definition. Herron and Robinson (1993) describe a model that attempts to show how entrepreneurial skill and training is affected by...

  10. CHAPTER 5 The Making of Women Entrepreneurs
    (pp. 139-170)

    Hong Kongʹs economic success is a phenomenon caused by two major factors starting in the early 1950s: a massive inflow of resources and a decline in the importance of entrepôt trade (Chen, 1998). These were the consequence of historical development rather than government or private business planning. Factors that facilitated the process of economic transformation in Hong Kong included institutional aspects of British administration, in particular its laissez-faire policy, the positive economic climate in the world in the 1950s, and the inflow of resources including labour, capital and particularly entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial skill. By virtue of entrepreneurship, Hong Kong was...

  11. CHAPTER 6 Conclusions and Implications
    (pp. 171-178)

    The purpose of this study of Hong Kong entrepreneurs in the clothing industry is four-fold: (1) to understand the factors associated with entrepreneurship; (2) to appreciate the gender differences relating to the factors and to entrepreneurship; (3) to build typologies specifically for female entrepreneurs; and (4) to develop a model of entrepreneurship, in order to understand the making of female entrepreneurs. How these purposes have been achieved in this study, and the conclusions and implications, will be discussed in what follows. The limitations of this study and the area of further investigation as a natural extension of it will be...

  12. APPENDIX 1 Methology
    (pp. 179-184)
  13. APPENDIX 2 Use of Quotes
    (pp. 185-186)
  14. Bibliography
    (pp. 187-204)
  15. Index
    (pp. 205-212)