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Inside China's Grand Strategy

Inside China's Grand Strategy: The Perspective from the People's Republic

Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 314
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  • Book Info
    Inside China's Grand Strategy
    Book Description:

    China's enormous size, vast population, abundant natural resources, robust economy, and modern military suggest that it will emerge as a great world power.Inside China's Grand Strategy: The Perspective from the People's Republicoffers unique insights from a prominent Chinese scholar about the country's geopolitical ambitions and strategic thinking.

    Ye Zicheng, professor of political science in the School of International Studies at Peking University, examines China's interactions with current world powers as well as its policies toward neighboring countries. Despite claims that repressive domestic policies and an economic slowdown are evidence that the country's efforts toward modernization will fail, Ye points to China's inclusion in the G-20 as an indicator of success. Ye compares China's global ascension, particularly its emphasis on peace, to the historical experiences of rising European superpowers, providing an insider look at a country poised to become an increasingly prominent international power.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-2646-3
    Subjects: Sociology, History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface to the English Edition
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. Further Thoughts on the Life Expectancy of U.S. Hegemony
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Introduction: Understanding a View from Beijing
    (pp. 1-12)
    Guoli Liu and Steven I. Levine

    China’s rapid rise as a global economic power has resulted in its growing political influence and military capability. Scholars in the United States, Europe, and Japan have engaged in serious debates about China’s grand strategy and its implications.¹ Apart from some China scholars and international relations experts, however, the outside world has not paid close attention to the academic analysis and policy debate about China’s emerging grand strategy inside China itself. There is little systematic scholarly analysis by Chinese scholars available in English.² In order to answer the question “What does China think?”³ we need to pay close attention to...

  6. 1 China’s Development as a World Power: Objective Conditions, Strategic Opportunity, and Strategic Choices
    (pp. 13-76)

    Following the revival of China, four kinds of objections have been raised to the idea of its becoming a world power.

    The elephant mentality.According to this viewpoint, it is unrealistic to believe that China can achieve its objective of becoming a world power. “It is impossible for China to catch up with the West, not to mention surpassing it, in the twenty-first century. There is no way to tell whether it will even be able to do so in the twenty-second century. Thus, we ought to jettison the unrealistic objective of overtaking the West. Internationally, China should not pick...

  7. 2 China’s Rise: Key Strategic Choices
    (pp. 77-90)

    Some analysts hold that China should assign top priority to developing military capabilities and treat economic interests as secondary.¹ Others hold that, while there is nothing wrong with emphasizing economic development, Western countries and the United States will not allow China the time it needs to do so. Accordingly, it should focus on developing military industry and military technology, speed up constructing a navy and an air force, and invest heavily in space and aviation technologies. Still others advocate focusing on the military to stimulate overall economic development.

    The growth of any great power is based on economic strength. The...

  8. 3 Relations with the United States: China’s Strategic Choices
    (pp. 91-126)

    After the Cold War, the United States became the world’s sole superpower. Therefore, the Sino-U.S. relationship became the most important one in China’s foreign relations and, arguably, the most important bilateral relationship in the world. The United States is important to China for three reasons. First, as the largest developing country, China needs a peaceful environment. The United States is currently the only country that has strategic conflicts with it. It is also the only country with the ability to launch a large-scale war. Second, the Sino-U.S. relationship has strategic significance with regard to China’s modernization. The United States is...

  9. 4 China’s Relations and Strategic Choices with Other Developing World Powers
    (pp. 127-174)

    Developing or quasi world powers may at times be regarded as the fourth type of world power. They are those powers capable of competing for the position of a world power and on the threshold of becoming one in the near future. In absolute terms, their national power may exceed that of any large powers in the past, but their influence on world affairs does not equal that of such past great powers. For instance, Japan is currently much stronger than, but has considerably less influence than, the Japan of the late Meiji era a century ago. China’s present power...

  10. 5 China and Its Neighbors: Geopolitical and Strategic Choices
    (pp. 175-222)

    As recent trends indicate, China’s development into a global power is occurring in conjunction with the development of its neighboring countries. In many ways, its growth can benefit them by creating an East Asian economic cooperation system. For example, the lifestyle of the Chinese people has changed significantly thanks to economic development. More and more Chinese citizens are choosing to travel abroad. Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Burma, Nepal, Brunei, Indonesia, and Laos have all been listed as tourist destinations by the Chinese government. China’s overseas travel expenditure ranked ninth in the world and...

  11. 6 China and Unification: Strategic Choices on the Taiwan Issue
    (pp. 223-256)

    Unification is closely tied to the growth of great powers. Without unification, great powers cannot emerge. The development of world civilizations illustrates this point, which is one that China should bear in mind: “From the perspective of the Chinese people, China can become a great power in the true sense of that term only after it completes the process of unification. In the present world no country that has not completed its unification can be said to be a great power. In this sense, U.S. actions with regard to the Taiwan problem not only challenge China’s history but also challenge...

  12. Postscript
    (pp. 257-264)

    In May and June 2002, while I was lecturing at East China University in Taiwan, I finished writingInside China’s Grand Strategy,a book that was published by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in November 2003. More than seven years have passed since then, and there have been many changes regarding various subjects that the book discusses. Some things I wrote have been confirmed, and others have become a reality. Nevertheless, the Chinese people must still continue their efforts to achieve what I posited as the ultimate objective of China’s grand strategy, namely, the renascence of the Chinese people...

  13. Notes
    (pp. 265-278)
  14. Index
    (pp. 279-302)