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Women Who Made a Difference

Women Who Made a Difference

Carol Crowe-Carraco
Copyright Date: 1989
Pages: 64
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  • Book Info
    Women Who Made a Difference
    Book Description:

    " Inspiring short biographies of some of Kentucky's unsung heroines -- Jenny Wiley, Lucy Audubon, Malinda Gatewood Bibb, Laura Clay, Enid Yandell, Cora Wilson Stewart, Mary Breckinridge, Alice Allison Dunnigan, and Loretta Lynn. These women had a vision of a better life for themselves and for others and the courage to make their ideas become real.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-3637-0
    Subjects: History, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-5)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. 6-6)
    Ramona Lumpkin

    The New Books for New Readers project was made possible through funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Kentucky Humanities Council, andThe Kentucky Post. The co-sponsorship and continuing assistance of the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives and the Kentucky Literacy Commission have been essential to our undertaking. We are also grateful for the advice and support provided to us by the University Press of Kentucky. All these agencies share our commitment to the important role that reading books should play in the lives of the people of our state, and their belief in this project has...

  4. Preface
    (pp. 7-8)
    Carol Crowe-Carraco
  5. Jenny Wiley, 1760–1831: Pioneer
    (pp. 9-13)

    Most stories about Pioneer Kentucky tell very little about pioneer women. Females are usually seen as weak and scared. Yet women shared the same hardships as men. They had to be just as brave to live in a new land. Jenny Wiley was one of these strong, brave women.

    Virginia (Jenny) Sellards was born in Pennsylvania in 1760. When she was three, the Sellards moved to western Virginia near the Kentucky frontier. They built a log cabin on Walker’s Creek.

    The Sellards were not educated people. But they wanted a better life for their four children. Jenny’s mother taught her...

  6. Lucy Audubon, 1787–1874: Nineteenth-Century Wife
    (pp. 14-18)

    Kentucky became a state in 1792. The forts and lonely cabins of pioneer days slowly gave way to small towns. Families changed the way they lived. A woman’s life depended on how rich her husband and father were. Women were usually homemakers. But sometimes they had to get jobs. Lucy Audubon was such a woman.

    Lucy Bakewell Audubon was born in England in 1787. The Bakewells were wealthy. Unlike most men of the day, Lucy’s father thought that girls should be educated. He sent her to school. Lucy was a good student, and she liked history, geography, and science. Lucy...

  7. Malinda Gatewood Bibb, c. 1815– ?: Slave
    (pp. 19-23)

    By the middle of the 19th century, Kentucky’s population was nearly one million. About 11 percent of these people were slave women. These black females had no rights at all. They could be beaten by their owners. They could be sold away from their families. Those who could ran off. Most did not.

    Long stories about the lives of women slaves would be very interesting. But they did not or could not write their stories down. Only brief outlines of their lives can be found. Something is known about the short life of one slave, Malinda Gatewood Bibb. Her story...

  8. Laura Clay, 1849–1941: Suffragist
    (pp. 24-28)

    During much of the 19th century, Kentucky women had few rights. A woman could own property. But if she married, the property became her husband’s. She had no legal say-so over her children. Although widows and unwed females paid taxes, women could not vote. Laura Clay worked to change these things. She was a suffragist, and she took part in many struggles to get rights for women. Suffragists wanted the vote for women. They believed if women could vote they could get other rights.

    Laura Clay was born in 1849 at her family’s 2,500-acre farm, White Hall, near Richmond, Kentucky....

  9. Enid Yandell, 1869–1934: Sculptor
    (pp. 29-33)

    Sculptors make forms in clay and stone. Many people thought that women could not be successful sculptors because they did not have the strength to work in clay and stone. But Enid Yandell knew that she could be a sculptor. She became a pioneer, just like her best known statue, “Daniel Boone.”

    Born just after the Civil War, Enid Yandell grew up in Louisville. Her father, who died when she was 14, was a well-known doctor. Her mother enjoyed painting. Enid liked the same things her parents did. She studied and drew the human body.

    In 1887 Enid began classes...

  10. Cora Wilson Stewart, 1875–1958: Moonlight School Lady
    (pp. 34-43)

    According to the United States Census of 1910, almost 15 percent of all Kentuckians over the age of 21 could not read and write. For these men and women, there was little hope of learning to read and write. Schools gave their attention to boys and girls and forgot adults. But one teacher, Cora Wilson Stewart, decided to teach reading and writing to adults at night. Her students could keep their jobs during the day and still go to school.

    Cora Wilson Stewart began the Moonlight Schools in Rowan County in 1911. Soon they gained state and then national attention....

  11. Mary Breckinridge, 1881–1965: Nurse-Midwife
    (pp. 44-52)

    In the early years of the 20th century there was almost no medical care in rural America. Newborn babies and their mothers rarely got medical attention. In the Kentucky mountains women often accepted the help of dirty “granny” midwives. Sometimes they had their babies alone. Mountain mothers and babies truly needed trained medical care. A strong-willed Kentucky woman named Mary Breckinridge decided to help them.

    Born in 1881, Mary Breckinridge grew up a happy go-lucky girl with few concerns. In 1925, at the age of 44, she set up a health care program. This program was known as the Frontier...

  12. Alice Allison Dunnigan, 1906–1983: Newspaper Woman
    (pp. 53-57)

    In the 1930s some Kentucky women began to work outside the home. After World War II even more women moved into the work force. The 1940s saw the birth of the civil rights movement. (“Civil rights” is a term that means an equal chance in everything for all Americans. Race, religion, origin, and sex should not matter.) Some black women got jobs that had not been open to them before. Alice Allison Dunnigan was one of these women.

    Alice Allison Dunnigan was born in Russellville, Kentucky, in 1906. Her father was a farmer. Her mother worked as a washwoman. Alice...

  13. Loretta Lynn, 1935– : Country Music Singer
    (pp. 58-62)

    Late 20th-century Kentucky women do not have the same problems their mothers and grandmothers did. They vote. They have rights. They can be anything they want to be. Yet women still have problems. Their troubles often include bad bosses, boyfriends, and husbands. They must deal with birth control, divorce, and drug abuse. Loretta Lynn has chosen to talk about these problems in her songs.

    Loretta Webb Lynn was born on April 14, 1935, in Butcher Hollow, Johnson County, Kentucky. She was one of eight children. Her mother, Clara, named her for the movie star Loretta Young. Her father, Ted, was...

  14. About the Author
    (pp. 63-63)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 64-79)