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Mochlos IIC

Mochlos IIC: Period IV. The Mycenaean Settlement and Cemetery: The Human Remains and Other Finds

Jeffrey S. Soles
Joanna Bending
Thomas M. Brogan
Kelly Caldwell
Tristan Carter
Alessandra Giumlia-Mair
Katerina Kopaka
Dimitra Mylona
Ann Nicgorski
Maria Ntinou
David S. Reese
George Rethemiotakis
R. Angus K. Smith
Sarah L. Smith
Mary Ellen Soles
Sevi Triantaphyllou
Polly Westlake
Jeffrey S. Soles
Costis Davaras
Volume: 32
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: INSTAP Academic Press
Pages: 320
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  • Book Info
    Mochlos IIC
    Book Description:

    Excavations carried out at the Late Minoan III settlement and cemetery at Mochlos in eastern Crete yielded domestic artifacts, human remains, grave goods, and ecofactual material from 31 tombs and 11 houses. These objects are catalogued, discussed, and illustrated. Radiocarbon dates for the site are also presented. The cemetery remains mirror the settlement remains, and the conclusions discuss how the two sites reflect each other. Rarely in Crete are a settlement and its cemetery both preserved, and it is extremely fortunate to be able to document both in a series of scientific excavation reports (Mochlos IIA-IIC).

    eISBN: 978-1-62303-054-4
    Subjects: Archaeology, History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Tables in the Text
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of Illustrations in the Text
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. List of Figures
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  6. List of Plates
    (pp. xv-xviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xix-xxii)
    Jeffrey S. Soles and Costis Davaras
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  9. Introduction
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
    Jeffrey S. Soles

    Mochlos IIC is the third and final part of the second volume in the Mochlos Publication Series. Volume II overall is concerned with Mochlos in the Mycenaean era, or the LM II and LM III remains uncovered by the Greek-American excavations in the summers of 1989–1994 and 2004–2005. In Mochlos IIA (Soles 2008) the contributors present descriptions of the two main sites of the Mycenaean community, including the stratigraphy and architecture of the settlement, the tombs in the Limenaria cemetery, and a list of all finds placed in their respective contexts. Soles also offers general conclusions about the...

  10. 1 The Human Remains
    (pp. 1-20)
    Sevi Triantaphyllou

    Relatively little work has been done on prehistoric skeletal assemblages from Crete, even though a large number of tombs have been excavated on the island. A few earlier publications have been concerned with material from the Early Minoan (EM) and Middle Minoan (MM) periods (Arnott 2003 on EM I–MM II Pseira; Becker 1975 on MM I Pezoules Kephala and Kato Zakro; Carr 1960 on MM III Knossos; Triantaphyllou 2005 on the EM III/MM I Tholos Γ at Archanes). Skeletal remains from Late Minoan (LM III) Chania have been examined systematicly by Hallager and McGeorge (1992) and those from the...

  11. 2 Burial Containers: Sarcophagi, Pithoi, and Jars
    (pp. 21-34)
    Jeffrey S. Soles, George Rethemiotakis and Ann M. Nicgorski

    A variety of burial containers were used in the two LM III cemeteries at Mochlos (Soles and Walker 2003; Soles and Triantaphyllou 2008). They include five chest sarcophagi (Tombs 2, 4, 7, 15, and 30) and four tub sarcophagi (Tombs 1, 10, 11, and 13), all from the Limenaria cemetery. There were also 20 burial pithoi, including 19 from Limenaria (one each from Tombs 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 17, 20, 21, 23–28, 31; and two vessels from Tomb 19) and one from the Artisans’ Quarter cemetery (Grave 2); six burial jars, all but one (Tomb 18)...

  12. 3 Jewelry and Other Small Finds
    (pp. 35-66)
    Jeffrey S. Soles, Ann M. Nicgorski and Katerina Kopaka

    The excavations of LM III contexts at Mochlos produced a large number of small finds that are published together here by category. The largest category is jewelry, including beads, pendants, bracelets, pins, and rings, most of which were found in the tombs of the Limenaria cemetery and are therefore securely dated to the LM III period. The second largest category is ceramic tools and implements, including spindle whorls and other ceramic objects found in LM III contexts in the settlement. By far the most numerous items in this category are loomweights, most of which were manufactured in the LM I...

  13. 4 The Stone Implements
    (pp. 67-124)
    Tristan Carter

    This is not so much a chapter about LM III tools, but a report on the stone tools recovered from LM III deposits; this is an important distiction. Given that a significant component of the pottery from LM III settlement contexts is actually residual Neopalatial material, it follows that the lithic assemblage from these deposits will also include objects of an earlier date. Unfortunately, in contrast to the case of the ceramic assemblage, it is extremely difficult to recognize which stone implements relate to pre–LM III activities because few ground and chipped stone tools are chronologically diagnostic of the...

  14. 5 Fauna and Flora
    (pp. 125-148)
    David S. Reese, Dimitra Mylona, Joanna Bending and Maria Ntinou

    This chapter discusses the floral and faunal remains that are listed after the description of individual houses and rooms in Mochlos IIA (Soles 2008, 5–128). Complete lists of these remains were included there in order to present them in context and will not be repeated in this chapter, which is designed to provide an overview of the various ecofactual finds. As pounted out in the introduction to this volume, the organic remains are the most difficult to classify chronologically since they may have been compromised by earlier and sometimes later occupation on the site. LM I occupation levels and...

  15. 6 The Mochlos Region in the LM III Period
    (pp. 149-162)
    Thomas M. Brogan and R. Angus K. Smith

    In this chapter we examine the LM III settlement at Mochlos in its local and regional context. Although no intensive field survey has been conducted in the immediate local area (i.e., the coastal plain and low foothills immediately south and east of the island of Mochlos), several LM III sites have been reported. They include ten cemeteries and two habitations (with potential traces of three more settlements at Aspropilia, Lastro, and Plakalona) that were identified during various rescue excavations and the extensive survey of the area by Soles and Davaras in the 1980s (Soles and Davaras 1992, 418, fig. 1)....

  16. Appendix A. Radiocarbon Dates
    (pp. 163-166)
    Jeffrey S. Soles
  17. Appendix B. Necklace No. 1: Evidence for Egyptian Influence in Mycenaean Jewelry Production
    (pp. 167-172)
    Alessandra Giumlia-Mair
  18. Appendix C. THE STONE VASES
    (pp. 173-178)
    Tristan Carter
    (pp. 179-186)
    Polly Westlake
  20. Appendix E. Pumice Statistics from LM III Contexts
    (pp. 187-190)
    Kelly Caldwell and Sarah L. Smith
  21. References
    (pp. 191-208)
  22. Concordance A. Field Numbers and Catalog Numbers for Mochlos vols. IIA, IIB, IIC
    (pp. 209-226)
  23. Concordance B. Contexts and Catalog Numbers in Mochlos vols. IIA, IIB, IIC
    (pp. 227-238)
  24. Index
    (pp. 239-244)
  25. Figures
    (pp. None)
  26. Plates
    (pp. None)