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Mochlos IC

Mochlos IC: Period III. Neopalatial Settlement on the Coast: The Artisans' Quarter and the Farmhouse at Chalinomouri. The Small Finds

Jeffrey S. Soles
Costis Davaras
Joanna Bending
Tristan Carter
Despina Kondopoulou
Dimitra Mylona
Maria Ntinou
Ann M. Nicgorski
David S. Reese
Anaya Sarpaki
Werner H. Schoch
Mary Ellen Soles
Vassilis Spatharas
Zophia A. Stos-Gale
Donald H. Tarling
Christopher Witmore
Jeffrey S. Soles
Costis Davaras
Volume: 9
Copyright Date: 2004
Published by: INSTAP Academic Press
Pages: 300
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Mochlos IC
    Book Description:

    Mochlos is a Minoan town set on a fine harbor at the eastern side of the Gulf of Mirabello, in northeast Crete. It was first inhabited during the Neolithic period, and it had an important Minoan settlement during most of the Bronze Age. Mochlos I, to be published in three volumes, presents the results of the excavations in the Neopalatial levels of the Artisans' Quarter and the farmhouse at Chalinomouri. The Artisans' Quarter consisted of a series of workshops with evidence for pottery manufacture, metalworking, and weaving. Chalinomouri, a semi-independent farmhouse with strong connections to the nearby island settlement at Mochlos, was engaged in craftwork and food processing as well as agriculture. This volume, Mochlos IC, presents the small finds from the site.

    eISBN: 978-1-62303-021-6
    Subjects: Archaeology, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Figures
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  5. List of Plates
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
    Jeffrey S. Soles and Costis Davaras
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  8. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)
    Jeffrey S. Soles and Costis Davaras

    This book contains the small finds, including artifacts and ecofacts, from the Artisans’ Quarter and the Chalinomouri farmhouse, which the Greek-American Excavations at Mochlos uncovered in the summers of 1990–1994. It is the third part of Volume I in the Mochlos Publication Series, in which Part A deals with the stratigraphy, architecture, and functions of the two sites and Part B deals with the Neopalatial pottery. Like Part B, it provides more detailed information about finds that are discussed in their contexts in Part A and listed after the room by room descriptions in that part of the volume....

  9. 1 The Mochlos Ship Cup
    (pp. 3-16)
    Costis Davaras

    A rounded cup, IB.202 (P 472), was found broken and only about one-third extant in Room 2 of Building A in the Artisans’ Quarter. It displays three remarkable crescent-shaped ships in a frieze on the shoulder (Fig. 1).¹ Below the ships are a pair of two horizontal bands, each with one added white line, that may have been intended to convey the impression of the ships floating on the sea. Although the surface is badly worn, clearly the ships are solidly painted in a sketchy and highly stylized manner. Only small parts of each ship are preserved, but because the...

  10. 2 Ceramic, Stone, Bone, and Shell Objects
    (pp. 17-44)
    Jeffrey S. Soles, Ann M. Nicgorski, Mary Ellen Soles, Tristan Carter and David S. Reese

    Ceramic, stone, and other miscellaneous small finds from Buildings A and B in the Artisans’ Quarter and the farmhouse at Chalinomouri are presented in this chapter. They provide considerable evidence for the various activities that were carried out at these two sites. Many of the ceramic, stone, and bone finds are tools and products that were associated with craft production in the Artisans’ Quarter. The remains of bats, large rectangular work slabs, and potter’s wheels provide evidence for pottery production. Stone vases that were found in fragments or various stages of completion, as well as a group of fossil asteroids,...

  11. 3 The Metal Finds and their Geological Sources
    (pp. 45-60)
    Jeffrey S. Soles and Zophia A. Stos-Gale

    The main evidence for bronze working in the Artisans’ Quarter survives mostly in the form of the raw material, which includes copper ingot fragments, scrap metal that was stored for recycling, and waste or spill consisting of small droplets of heavily oxidized copper or bronze that were spilled during casting or perhaps broken off newly cast objects that were also collected for recycling. There are also a number of finished objects that appear to be the products of the workshop. This evidence is especially strong in Building A where it is found in some abundance in Rooms 1, 2, 4,...

  12. 4 The Stone Implements
    (pp. 61-108)
    Tristan Carter

    Two themes have arisen in recent discussions of Aegean stone tools: first, the importance of locating the study of lithic technology within broader socioeconomic issues,¹ and second, a call for a more diachronic and holistic approach to the analysis of stone implements.² This report thus adopts an analytical framework that includes not only tool production and use, but also considers the significance of these crafts in the context of Neopalatial Mochlos and later Minoan society, as well as their long-term history in Bronze Age Crete.

    This chapter includes many traditional approaches, such as elucidating the chronological and cultural correlates of...

  13. 5 Minerals and Rocks
    (pp. 109-116)
    Tristan Carter and Christopher Witmore

    A number of rocks and minerals, which were used in various industries or procured as raw materials with the intention of being used, were collected by hand during the course of excavation and from the residue of water-floated floor deposits. They include phyllite, pumice, quartz, red and yellow ochers, graphite, calcite, serpentinite, and chert. They were identified by examination of external crystalline structure and physical properties including color, hardness, and in some cases specific gravity and solubility. Only samples from floor deposits were retained in an attempt to distinguish them from materials used in the architectural construction of the buildings....

  14. 6 Fauna and Flora
    (pp. 117-138)
    David S. Reese, Dimitra Mylona, Anaya Sarpaki, Joanna Bending, Werner H. Schoch and Maria Ntinou

    The Mochlos Project employed two methods to retrieve a large sample of ecofactual material from the excavation. After material was collected by hand in the course of excavation, 100% of the earth matrix was sieved. The material from wall and roof collapse was dry sieved, using a “shaker” sieve with superimposed trays like that employed in the Franchthi Cave.¹ Material from floor deposits was dry sieved in the same fashion, but a sample of the floor deposit was also set aside for water flotation.² The water flotation plan originally envisaged a 10% sample from all floor deposits in all rooms³...

  15. 7 Conclusions
    (pp. 139-144)
    Jeffrey S. Soles

    The items cataloged in this part of Volume I document the many activities of the artisans and farmers who lived at Mochlos. Some were used for multiple functions, but many were limited to a single activity. The potter’s wheels, bats, and some of the work slabs, as well as many of the stone implements, illustrate different steps involved in pottery production. The stone vases, including some fragmentary and some complete, the fossil asteroids and other stone implements, and various minerals illustrate aspects of stone vase making. The copper ingots, clay molds, bronze waste, various bronze objects, a possible crucible fragment,...

  16. Appendix A. Radiocarbon Dates
    (pp. 145-150)
    Jeffrey S. Soles
  17. Appendix B. An Archaeomagnetic Study of the LM IB Kilns
    (pp. 151-158)
    Donald H. Tarling, Despina Kondopoulou and Vassilis Spatharas
  18. Bibliography
    (pp. 159-172)
  19. Concordance A Field Numbers and Catalog Numbers for Mochlos vols. IA, IB, IC
    (pp. 175-186)
  20. Concordance B Contexts and Catalog Numbers in Mochlos vols. IA, IB, IC
    (pp. 187-194)
  21. Index
    (pp. 195-200)
  22. Tables
    (pp. None)
  23. Figures
    (pp. None)
  24. Plates
    (pp. None)