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Unearthed: The Landscapes of Hargreaves Associates

Copyright Date: 2013
Pages: 256
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  • Book Info
    Book Description:

    The work of landscape architecture firm Hargreaves Associates is globally renowned, from the 21st Century Waterfront in Chattanooga, Tennessee, to London's 2012 Olympic Park. Founded by George Hargreaves in 1983, this team of designers has transformed numerous abandoned sites into topographically and functionally diverse landscapes. Hargreaves Associates' body of work reflects the socioeconomic and legislative changes that have impacted landscape architecture over the past three decades, particularly the availability of former industrial sites and their subsequent redevelopment into parks. The firm's longstanding interest in such projects brings it into frequent contact with the communities and local authorities who use and live in these built environments, which tend to be contested grounds owing to the conflicting claims of the populations and municipalities that use and manage them. As microcosms of contemporary political, social, and economic terrains, these designed spaces signify larger issues in urban redevelopment and landscape design. The first scholarly examination of the firm's philosophy and body of work, Unearthed uses Hargreaves Associates' portfolio to illustrate the key challenges and opportunities of designing today's public spaces. Illustrated with more than one hundred and fifty color and black-and-white images, this study explores the methods behind canonical Hargreaves Associates sites, such as San Francisco's Crissy Field, Sydney Olympic Park, and the Louisville Waterfront Park. M'Closkey outlines how Hargreaves and his longtime associate Mary Margaret Jones approach the design of public places-conceptually, materially, and formally-on sites that require significant remaking in order to support a greater range of ecological and social needs.

    eISBN: 978-0-8122-0780-4
    Subjects: Architecture and Architectural History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-vii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. 1-23)

    GEORGE HARGREAVES AND OTHERS WHO WERE EDUCATED IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN THE 1970S ARE SITUATED AT AN INTERESTING CROSSROADS FOR THE DISCIPLINE. CHARACTERISTIC OF THE TIME WERE IAN MCHARG’S SEMINAL MANIFESTO, Design with Nature (1969), along with Charles Jencks’s famous declaration that modernism ended at 3:32 P.M. on July 15, 1972 (referring to the destruction of the Pruitt-Igoe housing project in St. Louis).¹ The period was marked by a call for an end to totalizing narratives of linear advancement while simultaneously offering the earth-ecosystem as a new totality. In response to this challenge, which landscape scholar Elizabeth Meyer has aptly...

  5. Chapter 1 GEOGRAPHIES
    (pp. 25-89)

    LOCAL SPACES ARE TIED TO REGIONAL AND GLOBAL PROCESSES. SPATIAL SHIFTS, INCLUDING THE RECENT AVAILABILITY OF LARGE SWATHS OF DERELICT LAND IN URBAN AREAS, ARE THE RESULT OF INTERSECTING ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL FORCES that influence a region’s transformation over time. The parks being made on such sites today are implicated in these larger processes in two ways: first, the space for their existence is enabled by the movement of manufacturing to other regions and countries, as well as military base closures, resulting in the so-called postindustrial landscape; second, the funding for their existence is enabled by revitalization efforts that are...

  6. Chapter 2 TECHNIQUES
    (pp. 91-139)

    THE PREVIOUS CHAPTER DEALT WITH HOW HARGREAVES ASSOCIATES INTERPRETS THE HISTORY OF EACH SITE AS A MEANS TO INTRODUCE “MATTERS OF TIME” INTO PLACES THAT HAVE BEEN LITERALLY AND FIGURATIVELY LEVELED. THIS CHAPTER also takes up this notion, but deals with time in relation to the techniques and technologies used to “speed up or slow down” natural processes, procedures that are necessary to physically rebuild the grounds of the sites where the firm works. Though it is frequently stated that landscape architecture straddles art and science, the practice of landscape architecture has little to do with science. It is conceptually...

  7. Chapter 3 EFFECTS
    (pp. 141-195)

    CAREFULLY SCULPTED GROUND—CHARACTERIZED BY STEEP SLOPES, ANGULAR EMBANKMENTS, AND SHARP RIDGE LINES—TOGETHER WITH STARK CONTRASTS AMONG VEGETATION, TEXTURES, AND COLORS, DISTINGUISHES HARGREAVES ASSOCIATES’ work. These visual, spatial, and material characteristics are essential to how we experience and understand the landscape, yet, as one critic recently notes, we do not discuss them; rather, we describe frameworks, emergence, and the performative aspects of landscape.¹ This dichotomy evokes the double meaning of effect: on the one hand, it concerns appearance or outward sign, and on the other, it means to influence or bring about. The relationship between these two definitions is...

    (pp. 197-203)

    THE EXTENSIVE PARK AND PARKWAY BUILDING THAT TOOK PLACE IN THE UNITED STATES IN THE LATE NINETEENTH AND EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURIES HAPPENED DURING MAJOR TRANSFORMATIONS IN INDUSTRY, ECONOMY, AND ATTENDANT URBANIZATION. For mid-twentieth-century modernists, landscape design was largely rooted in the rise of corporate America, the postwar housing boom, and the creation of urban plazas. Today, landscape architects again find themselves with large, public commissions, but operating within radically different socioeconomic contexts and site conditions. Elizabeth Meyer has noted the importance of geology for those of Olmsted’s day; the sites they dealt with had “sectional form, structure, depth and content.”¹...

    (pp. 204-205)
  10. NOTES
    (pp. 206-226)
  11. INDEX
    (pp. 227-234)
    (pp. 235-236)