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Migrants and Markets: Perspectives from Economics and the Other Social Sciences

Holger Kolb
Henrik Egbert
Copyright Date: 2008
Pages: 248
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  • Book Info
    Migrants and Markets
    Book Description:

    The established academic discipline that is economics and migration research - as a growing sub-discipline that has inevitably transgressed its own academic bounds - have long treated each other with mutual indifference. While migration research has suffered from a normative overstretch, economics has often reduced its analytical scope to those areas that traditionally belong to the 'genuine' economic sphere. Migrants and Markets contains eleven case studies that aim to overcome this artificially imposed barrier between economics and migration research. This is accomplished by applying economic methods to migratory phenomena, using economic theories to explain migratory patterns and by approaching the structure and development of markets as integral to the shaping of stocks and flows of migrants. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0135-9
    Subjects: Sociology, Economics

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. Introduction Migrants and Markets: Perspectives from Economics and the Other Social Sciences
    (pp. 7-19)
    Holger Kolb and Henrik Egbert

    Both the title of this book and the introduction suggest an idea to which the authors in this volume and many scientific authors, but not everyone from the academic discipline of economics, would fully subscribe. It implies that ‘social sciences’ is an umbrella term that constitutes a superset of disciplines, of which economics in turn is one. However, there is also an alternative interpretation of economics that the editors and authors in this book view rather critically and which recently has been gaining supporters among economists. In this interpretation there is a sharp division between economics and the social sciences...

  4. The Impact of Immigration on the Labour Market: A SURVEY
    (pp. 20-45)
    Christian Lumpe

    Immigration is one of the most heatedly debated issues in politics. The rising immigrant numbers and the resulting fears of the native population have led to more restrictive immigration policies in many industrialised countries. Most of the native’s reservations regarding immigration are based on ‘distributional’ arguments, that is, that immigrants will replace native workers, which will result in higher native unemployment rates and/or lower wages. However, the theoretical and the empirical economic literature do not arrive at these clear results. To the contrary, the economic literature on immigration concludes that immigration can be beneficial, harmful or can even have no...

  5. Investigating the Economic Impact of Immigration on the Host Country: The Case of Norway
    (pp. 46-55)
    Mete Feridun

    International migration and the role that it plays in the economies of the originating and receiving countries has frequently been a topic of interest. To our knowledge, such a study does not exist in the literature particularly for Norway. The present study aims at filling this gap in the literature through investigating the nature of the causal relationship between immigration and two macroeconomic indicators, GDP per capita and unemployment, using Granger causality tests based on Norwegian data during the period between 1983 and 2003.

    Literature on the economic impact of immigration focuses primarily on the effects of immigration on the...

  6. The ‘Exit Option’ of Labour Migration from East to West Germany: Individual and Contextual Determinants of Geographic Mobility of Unemployed Workers
    (pp. 56-80)
    Michael Windzio

    There is no denying that the labour market situation in East Germany since reunification has badly disappointed those who expected the rapid development of a flourishing economy. However, in addition to the high unemployment rates, poverty and turbulent courses of life that are prevalent in many post-socialist countries, there is another specific factor that complicates the situation and is exclusive to the German transition: the population in both East and West Germany is German. Consequently, objective regional disparities between East and West lead to relative deprivation. At the beginning of 2005, the unemployment rate in East Germany was twice as...

  7. How Recent Amendments in German Immigration Law Affect Decisions: The Case of Polish Doctors
    (pp. 81-103)
    Simon Fellmer

    The potential of a managed immigration to Germany due to economic reasons was for a long time ignored by German politicians. They claimed that Germany was not a country of immigration at all. For example, the German social democratic party (SPD) agreed in 1982 that the Federal Republic of Germany was not an immigration country. In 1994 the conservatives (CDU/CSU) made clear that their party would never adopt a German immigration law (Marshall 2000: 13, 155). This situation lasted until 2000, when the German chancellor Gerhard Schröder announced the decision to establish a German version of the American ‘green card’...

  8. Educational Selectivity and Labour Market Attainment of Jewish Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Israel and Germany in the 1990s
    (pp. 104-119)
    Irena Kogan and Yinon Cohen

    Since the breakdown of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, about 1.5 million Jewish emigrants left the country to various destinations in Western Europe, North America, and Israel. The vast majority of them (about one million) headed to Israel, which declared its aim to admit as many Jewish immigrants as possible irrespective of their socio-demographic background (Cohen 2002). Moreover, the Israeli government actively attracted and assisted immigrants from the former Soviet Union (FSU) to immigrate to Israel. However, almost as soon as the Jewish exodus from the FSU began, Germany declared its willingness to accept Jewish immigrants from the...

  9. States as Clubs? The Political Economy of State Membership
    (pp. 120-146)
    Holger Kolb

    Citizenship is generally regarded as a very important topic within the various disciplines in the social sciences. The only exception appears to be economists, many of whom openly regard their discipline as the ‘queen of the social sciences’ (Van Suntum 1999; see for a critique Frey 1990: 15-19). Although economics has transgressed the boundaries of its assumed core competences, has tried to analyse phenomena which did not seem to be of a major interest for economists¹ and has thus been accused of being imperialist (Pies 1998), no elaborate ‘economics of citizenship’ has yet been developed (see also Kirchgässner 1995). Very...

  10. Chinese Student Migration in Europe: A Migration That Nobody Objects To?
    (pp. 147-167)
    Wei Shen

    Relationships between Europe and China are now an important factor in shaping European integration, and China presents a new frontier for European foreign policy. China’s booming economic development has a profound effect on the global economy, with concomitant demanding implications for the EU member states.

    Migration is one of the most debated global issues in our contemporary society. It poses both vast opportunities and inevitable challenges for sovereign nation states around the world. Over the past fifteen years, Europe has seen an increasing influx of migration from China, both through legal as well as illegal channels. On the one hand,...

  11. Assessing Interdependencies between Sector Structures and Labour Migration: A Comparative Study of the British and the German Health Sectors
    (pp. 168-188)
    Kirsten Hoesch

    Among all the European health and care sectors, the United Kingdom’s has experienced without doubt the largest scale overseas recruitment in recent years, and forms a particularly stark contrast to the German health and care sector, which has experienced no significant recruitment of foreign health professionals for decades.² In 2003, almost one-third of all doctors employed by the national health service (NHS) had acquired their qualification outside the UK, and in 2001, the number of foreign nurses registering with the Nursing and Midwifery Council exceeded the number of British nurses for the first time. While the British NHS has long...

  12. Workers’ Remittances and International Risk Sharing
    (pp. 189-202)
    Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov

    The process of international financial integration, which accelerated in the past two decades, can potentially bring numerous benefits to the world economy. One of the central benefits it offers to the residents of different countries is the possibility to diversify their macroeconomic risks internationally. Therefore, through the process of cross-border trade in assets, these countries can relax the link between domestic output growth and domestic consumption (income) growth up to the point when the latter will depend exclusively on theworldoutput growth.² This process, through which country-specific risks are diversified away across national borders, is known as international risk...

  13. Skills and Remittances: The Case of Afghan, Egyptian and Serbian Immigrants in Germany
    (pp. 203-223)
    Florin-Petru Vadean

    The issue of migration and development has become highly relevant in recent years on the global policy agenda. Countries and international organisations increasingly perceive migration as a phenomenon that can positively impact development in both migrant receiving and sending countries, provided that appropriate policies are in place. One of the central issues within the context of the migration and development nexus is the role of migrants’ remittances as a source of capital and possible engine for economic growth in developing countries.

    Migrants’ remittances gained in importance on the international agenda² because of the dramatic rise in international flows. Between 2001...

  14. The Impact of Migration on Foreign Trade in Bolivia
    (pp. 224-241)
    Gustavo Javier Canavire Bacarreza and Laura Ruud

    Several studies show that the structure of the national origin of countries’ population plays an important role for trade patterns. For developing countries the relationship can be weaker, as those economies are in the process of structural changes. Still, taking into consideration the impact of the migration flows on trade, the migration policy can be formed more optimally to support the economic development of the country.

    We test the hypothesis that the migration flows have significant impact on foreign trade in developing countries but the impact is smaller than in developed countries. We use quarterly data of migration, exports and...

  15. List of Contributors
    (pp. 242-244)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 245-247)