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Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies

Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies: Ten Innovative Approaches to the Challenges of Migration in the 21st Century

Michael Jandl (Ed.)
Series: IMISCOE Reports
Copyright Date: 2007
Pages: 153
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  • Book Info
    Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies
    Book Description:

    This book is directed at researchers and policymakers at all levels and is intended to stimulate fresh thinking for the development of unconventional and innovative ideas for migration policymaking. The papers in this edited volume are the results of a joint ICMPD/IMISCOE workshop on Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies, held at the International Centre for Migration Policy Development in Vienna in 2006, with the participation of migration researchers, policymakers and representatives of international organisations. Based on the strengths of the combined ideas presented by the authors of these ten short papers, eight basic principles for the design of innovative migration policy approaches are presented and developed. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0185-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-8)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. 9-10)
    Michael Jandl

    Towards the end of 2005, extensive media coverage of the tragic events in Ceuta and Melilla, where several hundred desperate but determined migrants had stormed the protective fences of these tiny Spanish exclaves to get into EU territory, reminded us once again that traditional mechanisms of migration management have run into severe trouble and that new, innovative concepts for the regulation of migration are called for. Yet, new ideas for regulating regular migration, dealing with irregular migration and providing international protection to those in need of it remain elusive and untested. While several innovative concepts have been suggested over the...

  4. Introduction and overview
    (pp. 11-18)
    Michael Jandl

    There is a growing conviction among migration researchers, policymakers and a concerned public that current migration regimes do not produce generally desired migration outcomes. On the contrary, while policymakers wrestle with the question of how to deal with growing migration pressures and balance the present-day needs of dynamic labour markets with long-term goals of social cohesion, social security and humanitarian concerns, migration outcomes seem to be removed ever further from policy goals. To stimulate new thinking, therefore, an international workshop was convened by ICMPD in Vienna under the umbrella of the IMISCOE Network of Excellence with a special call for...

  5. Temporary Migration Programmes: potential, problems and prerequisites
    (pp. 19-28)
    Jeff Crisp

    A Temporary Migration Programme (TMP) can be described in simple terms as one that enables the citizens of one country to take up employment in another on the basis of a fixed-term residence and work permit.

    Such programmes come in many different shapes and sizes. Some offer short-term or seasonal contracts, whereas others enable people to work in a foreign country for several years. Some involve relatively small numbers of highly skilled personnel, whereas others provide employment for large numbers of manual or domestic workers. Some TMPs are negotiated between states on a bilateral basis, whereas others are managed by...

  6. A new European employment migration policy
    (pp. 29-36)
    Teun J.P. van Os van den Abeelen

    1. Economic immigration in prosperous parts of the world is as old as civilisation itself, and this is especially the case in respect to the prosperous parts of Europe.

    2. Economic migration is a result of the large differences in prosperity and perspective in different parts of the world. It is more than likely that if the differences in prosperity were not as large as is currently the case, migration would be so limited that it would only need policy-based attention from the point of view of the public order and national security. An indication to support this statement is the limited...

  7. People Flow revisited: constructive management of changing patterns of migration
    (pp. 37-46)
    Theo Veenkamp

    The ‘People Flow Report’¹ (May 2003) was a first attempt to design the outline of an approach to international migration that would be less defensive and more constructive than usual. It was set up as a thought experiment, culminating in first sketches of a number of innovative concepts for alternative migration policies. There was much demand for the report, and it generated lively discussions in a number of conferences on ‘openDemocracy’² and in other ways. Since then, the approach as first described in the report was further adapted and refined in view of the many comments and suggestions made and...

  8. Towards sustainable migration policies
    (pp. 47-58)
    Franck Düvell

    Applying principles of mutual cooperation and sustainable conflict resolution strategies in disputes over migration: a methodology for addressing the migration dilemma

    This paper aims to move beyond conventional and exclusive migration policies that are considered ethically questionable.¹ It also criticises more recent moves towards migration management as no more than another version of regulated closeness repeating many of the usual unjust practices, but even more so, for the structural exclusion of migrants from decision-making processes. And finally, present interpretations of the principle of ‘freedom of movement’ are rejected, too, for their radical individualism that miss ideas of political regulation and...

  9. Co-development: a myth or a workable policy approach?
    (pp. 59-66)
    Jonathan Chaloff

    ‘Co-development’ has become an important buzzword in discussing and presenting migration policy in Europe. Quite often, however, those using the buzzword have taken advantage of the lack of a specific definition of the concept and have failed to implement policies that truly have a positive impact on development in countries on both sides of migration circuits. A fundamental question therefore is whether co-development principles can find real application in policy. Some recent examples of policy initiatives and innovative practice may provide clear indications for a workable policy approach.

    Co-development, as a term, emerged from the development cooperation domain and not...

  10. Imagining policy as a means to innovation: the case for a mobile middle-aged
    (pp. 67-78)
    John Davies

    In this brief paper I argue that migration policy in the United Kingdom is often inequitable and irrational and, as such, provokes non-compliance by the migrants it adversely and irrationally seeks to control. I further argue that such inequitable policy brings the whole system of migration control into disrepute, in that it is not evidence-based but is a contrived application, i.e. a socially constructed device that is intended not to manage migration rationally, but to quell moral panic (Victor 1998) about migrants as dangerous threats to social order and national security. If migration policy is constructed according to such criteria,...

  11. In-country ‘refugee’ processing arrangements: a humanitarian alternative?
    (pp. 79-88)
    Judith Kumin

    The number of asylum applications in industrialised countries has declined steadily in recent years. Within the European Union, applications in 2005 dropped to around 237,000, their lowest level in over a decade and just half the number recorded in 2000.² This may in part be explained by improved conditions in certain countries of origin, for instance in Afghanistan. However, it is probably primarily due to measures taken by destination countries to deter movements to their territories. Most of these measures are not implemented at the territorial border but offshore, through visa controls and interception. Although refugees and asylum seekers are...

  12. Open borders, close monitoring
    (pp. 89-98)
    Jeroen Doomernik

    Obviously, as yet there are noEuropeanmigration and asylum policies, and current policies and practices are manifold between the Member States. Still, not merely for arguments’ sake, we can draw as a broad picture two kinds of regimes vis-à-vis uninvited migrants that are prevalent in Europe: the Southern regime of irregular labour migration and the Northern regime of asylum seeking. We should note that the general perception of the (politically) problematic nature of these movements is much less in the first than in the second one. Even though the seriousness of the issues is perceived differently, there is general...

  13. The Development Visa Scheme revisited
    (pp. 99-108)
    Michael Jandl

    The Development Visa (DV) Scheme as an innovative ‘Proposal for a Market-based Migration Control Policy’ was first presented in a workshop at the International Metropolis Conference 2004 in Geneva.¹ It was not until the publication of a full paper with the same title on the webpage of the Global Commission on International Migration in 2005 that the concept received wider attention and drew significant media coverage. The paper presented here will briefly recapture the main arguments of the DV Scheme and address two commonly made charges against the concept as a policy option. It will then try to identify the...

  14. Pricing entrance fees for migrants
    (pp. 109-120)
    Holger Kolb

    Although economics has not been among the core disciplines in migration research for quite some time,² recently liberal economists have become increasingly active in the discussion about a sustainable and efficient migration policy. The utilisation of the market mechanism for migration policy provides the core of their conceptualisation. This means, in a nutshell, that – departing from the assumption of an existing immigration market – immigration rights should be made tradable and that a price should be charged for the scarcely issued immigration and residence permits. Proponents of such a liberal approach are Becker (1992, 1996) and Straubhaar (2000). All...

  15. Conclusion
    (pp. 121-126)
    Michael Jandl

    When envisioning innovative approaches to the management of migration in the 21st century, it is good to know how migration has worked in the 20th century, how it works at the beginning of the new century and how it does not. In addition, when designing new policies it is helpful to have in-depth knowledge about the current policy environment in place and to bring an understanding of the complex interplay between migration policies and migration outcomes with you. Thus, a group of migration researchers as experienced and diverse as the authors of this book is probably well-placed to master this...

  16. Workshop programme International Workshop on Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies
    (pp. 127-128)
  17. Conference report
    (pp. 129-152)
    Haleh Chahrokh, Radoslaw Stryjewski and Brigitte Suter
  18. List of participants International Workshop on Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies
    (pp. 153-154)
  19. About the authors
    (pp. 155-155)