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Migration and Citizenship

Migration and Citizenship: Legal Status, Rights and Political Participation

Rainer Bauböck (editor)
Series: IMISCOE Reports
Copyright Date: 2006
Pages: 128
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  • Book Info
    Migration and Citizenship
    Book Description:

    Citizenship is frequently invoked both as an instrument and goal of immigrant integration. Yet, in migration contexts, citizenship also marks a distinction between members and outsiders based on their different relations to particular states. A migration perspective highlights the boundaries of citizenship and political control over entry and exit as well as the fact that foreign residents remain in most countries deprived of core rights of political participation. This book summarizes current theories and empirical research on the legal status and political participation of migrants in European democracies. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0426-8
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. Text Boxes
    (pp. 7-7)
  4. Tables
    (pp. 8-8)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. 9-14)
    Rainer Bauböck

    Citizenship has emerged as an important topic of research on migration and migrant integration since the 1980s. Before this there was little connection between migration research and the legal literature on nationality law or political theories and sociological analyses of citizenship in a broader sense. This mutual disinterest is not difficult to understand. On the one hand, in traditional overseas countries of immigration, immigrants’ access to citizenship and eventual naturalisation was taken for granted as a step in a broader process of assimilation. On the other hand, in Europe the largest immigration contingents had emerged from the recruitment of guestworkers...

  6. 1 Citizenship and migration – concepts and controversies
    (pp. 15-32)
    Rainer Bauböck

    Citizenship is a very old concept that has undergone many transformations. Since the times of Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic its core meaning has been a status of membership in a self-governing political community. This idea has been revived at every transition from authoritarian regimes to democratic ones. However, this is not the only meaning of citizenship. In periods of decline or absence of popular rule, the concept has been often reduced to a formal legal status with certain attached privileges or duties guaranteed or enforced by political authorities. In contemporary liberal democracies political citizenship has to compete with...

  7. 2 The legal status of immigrants and their access to nationality
    (pp. 33-66)
    Albert Kraler

    In Europe, the legal framework governing the statuses of foreign nationals has undergone radical changes in the past one and a half decades or so, and it continues to evolve. The formal introduction of European Union citizenship (see chapter 3) with the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the continuing expansion of (mobility) rights enjoyed by EU citizens, the development of a common EU status for long term residents from third countries as well as the definition of rights to family reunion tied to that status (see text box 6 in chapter 3) – all these developments suggest a continuous expansion of rights...

  8. 3 EU citizenship and the status of third country nationals
    (pp. 67-82)
    Bernhard Perchinig

    The roots of Union citizenship can be traced back to the 1970s when Community politicians first began to discuss ‘European identity’. Initial concepts merely included student mobility, exchange of teachers and harmonisation of diplomas. A broader approach emerged at the 1973 Copenhagen summit where the European Commission suggested the introduction of a ‘passport union’ as well as ‘special rights’ for citizens of Member States (Wiener 1997: 539). These were defined as the ‘political rights traditionally withheld from foreigners¹’: the right to vote, the right to stand for election and the right to hold public office. Member States were to grant...

  9. 4 Political participation, mobilisation and representation of immigrants and their offspring in Europe
    (pp. 83-105)
    Marco Martiniello

    In many EU countries, political mobilisation, participation and representation of immigrants and their offspring were for a long time not considered to be important issues both in academia and in politics. Immigrant workers were not regarded as potential citizens. They were not supposed and expected to be politically active. As guests, they were even asked to observe a kind of ‘devoir de réserve’. In other words, they were invited not to interfere with their hosts’ political and collective affairs. Migrants had only an economic role in the host society: to work and to produce.

    This has changed, at least in...

  10. Annex
    (pp. 106-112)
  11. Notes
    (pp. 113-118)
  12. References
    (pp. 119-129)