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The Position of the Turkish and Moroccan Second Generation in Amsterdam and Rotterdam

The Position of the Turkish and Moroccan Second Generation in Amsterdam and Rotterdam: The TIES Study in the Netherlands

Maurice Crul
Liesbeth Heering
Copyright Date: 2008
Pages: 192
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  • Book Info
    The Position of the Turkish and Moroccan Second Generation in Amsterdam and Rotterdam
    Book Description:

    The Dutch second generation of Turkish and Moroccan origin is coming of age and making a transition from education to the labour market. This first publication of the TIES Project (Towards the Integration of the European Second Generation) studies the social situation and views of this ethnic group, drawing on the research carried out in Amsterdam and Rotterdam in 2006-07 among the Dutch-born children of immigrants from Turkey and Morocco and a comparison group of young people (age 18-35) whose parents were born in the Netherlands. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0648-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-8)
  3. Preface
    (pp. 9-10)
  4. Acknowledgements
    (pp. 11-12)
    Maurice Crul and Liesbeth Heering
  5. List of tables
    (pp. 13-18)
  6. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 19-26)
    Maurice Crul and Liesbeth Heering

    Immigration, combined with the subsequent integration of newcomers, forms one of the foremost challenges to Europe’s increasingly heterogeneous cities. Second-generation integration – meaning integration by children of immigrant parentage born in the country of migration – is crucial to this process, for it is these children who constitute a growing share of metropolitan youth today. Thus, research on second-generation issues is particularly pertinent because it may answer many current-day integration questions. In theory, second-generation children should have the same chances and opportunities as children of native-born parents. In determining whether or not this is the case, the relative position of...

  7. 2 Migration history and demographic characteristics of the two second-generation groups
    (pp. 27-48)
    Gijs Beets, Susan ter Bekke and Jeannette Schoorl

    To improve understanding of the second generation, this chapter reviews the history and demography of the Turkish and Moroccan groups. It looks in more detail at why they happen to be as large as they are in the two major cities of the Netherlands, where their parents originate and how the two groups are composed demographically. Where possible, the two groups are contrasted with the comparison group (i.e. persons with both parents born in the Netherlands). Section 2.2 deals with immigration trends and migration policies in the Netherlands, while Section 2.3 describes the size and age-sex composition of the population...

  8. 3 Housing and segregation
    (pp. 49-62)
    Carlo van Praag and Jeannette Schoorl

    Housing is a basic necessity but also a scarce and expensive commodity. For these reasons, in many countries public authorities do not leave the distribution of housing entirely to the free market, but intervene in favour of the low-income groups who find it difficult or impossible to find decent accommodation on their own. In the present chapter, we will first look at the housing situation of people of Turkish and Moroccan descent in Amsterdam and Rotterdam (section 3.2), as well as at issues of segregation and concentration in the two cities (section 3.3). Housing policies will be discussed in section...

  9. 4 Education
    (pp. 63-86)
    Helga de Valk and Maurice Crul

    Education is of crucial importance in the lives of young adults. Attending school is not only a major part of everyday life, but education is a decisive factor for the future. In literature, educational attainment has been tied to a host of outcomes in adult life. Education is perceived as the key for social mobility. This applies to all children, of course, but may be of even more importance for second-generation youth.

    Educational success is related to the opportunities and chances in the educational system as such, but it also has a correlation with the individual characteristics of students and...

  10. 5 Labour and income
    (pp. 87-104)
    Liesbeth Heering and Susan ter Bekke

    This chapter describes the labour market and income situation of the three groups studied. We will present an overview of the current situation of the TIES respondents with respect to work. In section 5.4, we will also look at the transition from school or study to work, as well as job and unemployment levels. As section 5.5 shows, through work, scholarships, unemployment or other social benefits an income is acquired, and we will thus examine both the main source of respondents’ income and the amounts they earn. In section 5.6, we will report how respondents describe feelings of personal and...

  11. 6 Identities and intercultural relations
    (pp. 105-128)
    George Groenewold

    While the previous chapters dealt with contextual and structural dimensions of the integration of the second generation, this chapter addresses the socio-cultural dimensions. Specifically, it describes indicators for ethnic and other group identifications as weak as for intercultural relations within Dutch society.

    Differences in language, socio-political history, religious notions and symbols have been important factors shaping the diversity in national cultures and identities in European populations. More recently, immigration in larger numbers has added new cultures and identities, contributing to a further diversification. From a socio-cultural and psychological perspective, this set off an ‘acculturation process’, which means that contact between...

  12. 7 Social relations
    (pp. 129-142)
    Liesbeth Heering and Susan ter Bekke

    The aim of this chapter is to shed light on the social relations maintained by second-generation Turks and Moroccans and the comparison group respondents. Section 7.2 discusses friendships at secondary school as well as current friendships with members of their own and other ethnic groups. Section 7.3 analyses those organisations in the public domain in which respondents reported being active during the past year. We also examine the extent to which the organisations are oriented towards one’s own ethnic group or not. Perceptions about inter-group relations and discrimination are the central issue in section 7.4, while conclusions are presented in...

  13. 8 Union and family formation
    (pp. 143-160)
    Helga de Valk

    Union formation and partner choice of the second generation are highly debated topics. It is often assumed that union formation among children of immigrants follows more traditional lines than is the case for Dutch young adults. How choices are made and how the factors of influence differ between the second generation and the comparison group are, however, still largely unexplored. The TIES survey provides information on partners living in the same household as the respondents.

    This chapter gives an initial descriptive overview of findings on union and family formation. We start by questioning how many young adults live with a...

  14. 9 Conclusions and implications
    (pp. 161-168)
    Maurice Crul, George Groenewold and Liesbeth Heering

    The second generation of Turkish and Moroccan descent in the Netherlands is currently coming of age, and the older cohorts have already made the transition from education to the labour market. This means that, for the first time, we can make a genuine assessment of the position of second generations in Dutch society. The TIES project aims to engage in such an assessment by examining a variety of topics. Its foremost interest lies in aspects ofstructuralintegration: analysing access to and participation in domains such as education and the labour market. Additionally, the survey includes topics relevant tosocial...

  15. Appendix: Sample design, TIES survey implementation and evaluation
    (pp. 169-180)
    George Groenewold
  16. Conclusies en aanbevelingen
    (pp. 181-188)
    Maurice Crul, George Groenewold and Liesbeth Heering

    De Nederlandse tweede generatie van Turkse en Marokkaanse afkomst is momenteel volwassen aan het worden en de oudere cohorten hebben inmiddels de overstap van het onderwijs naar de arbeidsmarkt gemaakt. Dit betekent dat we nu voor het eerst werkelijk de balans op kunnen maken van de positie die de tweede generatie inneemt in de Nederlandse samenleving. Het TIES project behandelt dit vraagstuk door een grote verscheidenheid aan onderwerpen te onderzoeken. De primaire interesse richt zich op de aspecten vanstructureleintegratie, zoals de toegang tot en deelname aan het onderwijs en de arbeidsmarkt. Daarnaast richt het onderzoek zich op onderwerpen...

  17. List of contributors
    (pp. 189-190)
  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 191-193)