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Migration in A Globalised World

Migration in A Globalised World: New Research Issues and Prospects

Cédric Audebert
Mohamed Kamel Doraï
Copyright Date: 2010
Pages: 224
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt46mwxq
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  • Book Info
    Migration in A Globalised World
    Book Description:

    The last two decades have witnessed sweeping changes in the composition, orientation and dynamics of international migration. While it's no surprise these transformations affect societies of origin and settlement, we still seek to understand how and why they carry with them certain social challenges. Migration in a Globalised World shines a light. Ten chapters astutely present theoretical and empirical insights by experts in the fields of international migration and social cohesion, transnationalisation, the migration-development nexus and the ever-blurring categories of refugee and asylum seeker. With its broad thematic scope and lively dialogue between French, Anglo-Saxon and Northern European academic traditions, this volume offers a major new perspective to further research and, potentially, to improve the quality of life in a globalised world. This title is available in the OAPEN Library - http://www.oapen.org.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-1098-6
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. Introduction

    • 1 International migration in the era of globalisation: recent issues and new concerns for research
      (pp. 7-18)
      Cédric Audebert and Mohamed Kamel Doraï

      Liberalisation of the economies at the global level, increasing interdependence among nations, new infrastructures of transportation, increasing income inequalities and demographic disparities worldwide have provided the context within which recent population movements have occurred. In parallel, contemporary geopolitical tensions and environmental crises have locally brought about more flows. Between 1970 and 2005, the number of international migrants more than doubled, from 81.3 million to 190.6 million (United Nations 2006). Nonetheless, given the high rate of population growth, the share of international migrants in the world population only rose from 2.5 per cent to 3.0 per cent during that period.

      The...

  4. Part I International migration and the challenge of social cohesion

    • 2 European research on international migration and settlement of immigrants: a state of the art and suggestions for improvement
      (pp. 21-40)
      Rinus Penninx

      A comprehensive reflection is needed on the state of the art of research on international migration and settlement in Europe today. I will do this on the basis of work that has been performed in the first phase of the existence of the IMISCOE Network of Excellence.¹ Nine clusters of researchers have, as a start of the Network, produced state-of-the-art reports covering nine sub-domains.² The essential information in these reports has been brought together in a book published in the IMISCOE Joint Studies Series (Penninx, Berger & Kraal 2006) under the titleThe dynamics of international migration and settlement in Europe....

    • 3 Unacceptable realities: public opinion and the challenge of immigration in a Franco-American comparison
      (pp. 41-62)
      Roger Waldinger

      At the turn of the twenty-first century, ‘globalisation’ is the order of the day. With international migration bringing the alien ‘other’ from Third World to First, and worldwide trade and communications amplifying the feedbacks travelling in the opposite direction, the view that nation state and society normally converge has waned. Instead, social scientists are looking for new ways to think about the connections between ‘here’ and ‘there’, as evidenced by the interest in the many things called ‘transnational’. Those studying international migration evince particular excitement. Observing that migration produces a plethora of connections spanning ‘home’ and ‘host’ societies, these scholars...

    • 4 Culture and politics: the Danish cartoon controversy within migration and colonial spaces
      (pp. 63-76)
      Sari Hanafi

      In July 2002, Germany’s former Foreign Minister, Joschka Fischer, met with a delegation of Palestinian civil society members. He had just returned from a trip to Israel, during which he visited a night club that had been bombed by a Palestinian suicide bomber, resulting in the death of twelve young Israelis. Fischer’s introductory speech expressed how touched he was by this visit, saying that he considered the issue of Israeli suffering a very serious matter. His concerns were based on the idea that Israeli youth are not able to enjoy their evenings or, for that matter, their lives – what...

  5. Part II Migration and transnational approaches

    • 5 Transnationalisation: its conceptual and empirical relevance
      (pp. 79-106)
      Thomas Faist

      Discussions of globalisation have amply and aptly described the increase in the intensity, velocity and scope of cross-border exchanges. These exchanges have included financial transactions, the trade of goods and services and various efforts to deal with these challenges, including the supranational advancement of global governance (see e.g. Lechner & Boli 2003). Much less attention has been devoted to conceptualising cross-border social and symbolic ties and their concatenation, such as the life-worlds of persons and the organisational activities of associations who move around and maintain ties in a cross-borderised world. In order to capture the societal dimensions of cross-border social life,...

    • 6 The contribution of migration studies and transnationalism to the anthropological debate: a critical perspective
      (pp. 107-126)
      Alessandro Monsutti

      At the junction between two millennia, many anthropologists feel deeply uneasy about the object and method of their discipline. Although there are scarcely any more grand systems of explanation, the theoretical debate remains intense. In this rich if disorganised intellectual climate, there have been important advances in the study of migration and refugee flows, in connection with the theme of transnationalism and globalisation, and this has had a wider impact on anthropology and the social sciences in general.

      Since the 1980s, a new epistemological perspective (originating mostly among North American authors who adopt the perspective of postmodern anthropology) has broken...

    • 7 New migratory configurations: transnationalism/s, diaspora/s, migratory circulation
      (pp. 127-142)
      Stéphane de Tapia

      This chapter is based on the analyses of Thomas Faist, Alessandro Monsutti¹ and other authors developed in this volume. My own participation in international conferences devoted to the conceptualisation and dynamics of diasporas or in theRevue européenne des migrations internationaleswill also be integrated, along with the reflections of French authors such as Alain Tarrius or Dominique Schnapper (Anteby-Yemini, Berthomière & Sheffer 2005; Berthomière & Chivallon 2006; Prevelakis 1996).

      The questions that social scientists have been focusing on² include that of the definitions and the economy of ideas such as transnationalism, transnational fields, diasporas, migratory circulation, circular migration, co-presence, community and...

  6. Part III Migration and development

    • 8 Migration and development over twenty years of research: progress and prospects
      (pp. 145-160)
      Ronald Skeldon

      One of the difficulties of talking about migration and development is that we are dealing essentially with two ‘black boxes’. We know instinctively what both ‘migration’ and ‘development’ mean but when we try to define precisely their dimensions, the meaning begins to slip away. Does migration include short-term or circular movements? How long does one have to be away from one’s usual place of residence in order to be called a migrant? Over how great a distance must one have moved in order to be classified as a migrant? These essentially definitional and methodological issues are central to the volume...

    • 9 International migration and territorial (re)construction: the place and role of migrants as ‘frontier runners’ in development
      (pp. 161-180)
      Patrick Gonin

      In the field of migration, public policy mainly consisted of separating issues of living and working conditions in the host country and in the country of origin. Separation was the necessary condition for organising migratory circuits and setting up forms of domination of some countries over others. It would seem that that is no longer entirely the case. Nowadays, the issue of migration is connected to the development of the country of origin. Is that change good news, and does it mean that recognising this relationship would induce true progress?

      Such a ‘dissociated’ approach to international migration induced migration policies...

  7. Part IV Forced migration

    • 10 Forced migration and asylum: stateless citizens today
      (pp. 183-190)
      Michel Agier

      On 30 December 2005 a horrifying massacre took place in Cairo. The Egyptian police were subsequently held responsible for the death of Sudanese nationals, the number of whom varied from the official figure’s count of 27 people, including seven children, to over 150 people, according to some lawyers and organisations. On that day, there were 1,000+ people who had been occupying a park, situated in the compound of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). For the past three months, UNHCR had been refusing to meet their demands for resettlement. All the refugees declared they had...

    • 11 Forced migration in Africa: a new but overlooked category of refugees
      (pp. 191-202)
      Véronique Lassailly-Jacob

      I would like to draw attention to a new but overlooked category of refugees that has emerged in Africa subsequent to the mass repatriation programmes that have been conducted since the 1980s. In January 2006, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was helping over twenty million persons around the world, including 8.6 million refugees and 6.6 million internally displaced persons. The top-ranking continent was Asia with 8.6 million, including 3.2 million refugees. Europe ranked third with 3.6 million, of whom 1.7 million were refugees. Finally came Latin America with more than two million.

      Africa ranked...

  8. Conclusion

    • 12 International migration in the twenty-first century: towards new research perspectives
      (pp. 203-212)
      Cédric Audebert and Mohamed Kamel Doraï

      Besides the comprehensive state of the art presented in many chapters, setting the latest theoretical development in the broader context of twenty years of research on international migration, this book presents localised case studies articulated with in-depth theoretical reflection. The wide range of areas analysed – North America, Europe, Asia, Africa – together with the diversity of disciplines represented – anthropology, geography, sociology – provide a unique comparative perspective.

      As noted by many of the contributors, migration patterns have greatly changed since the 1970s, when migration studies developed in most of the main immigration countries. Development of restrictive entry policies...

  9. List of contributors
    (pp. 213-216)
  10. Back Matter
    (pp. 217-221)