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EU Development Policy in a Changing World

EU Development Policy in a Changing World: Challenges for the 21st Century

Edited by Andrew Mold
Series: EADI
Copyright Date: 2007
Pages: 274
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  • Book Info
    EU Development Policy in a Changing World
    Book Description:

    On many fronts, EU development policy is at a critical juncture. In the face of major new challenges, such as the current impasse in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, and increasing concerns over security threats, the European Union is having to rethink much of its development policy both with its 'near neighbours' and in the South. How has the process of enlargement impacted on EU development policy? What would a 'development-friendly' trade policy look like? What kind of relations should the EU aspire to with North Africa and Middle East? Can the EU design a coherent approach towards developing countries or will its other interests, such as protectionism in agriculture or its neighbourhood policy, constrain its development policy? This edited volume, drawing on the expertise of well-known specialists in their respective fields, provides a critical overview of EU development policy and the challenges that it must confront in an increasingly volatile and changing world. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0173-1
    Subjects: Economics, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword and Acknowledgements
    (pp. 9-10)

    The editor of this collection would like to thank the following people for their constant encouragement and support in ensuring that this project finally saw the light of day: Thomas Lawo and Susanne von Itter, Maja Bucar, Isa Baud, Jean Luc-Maurer and the team at Amsterdam University Press. Also a special mention goes to Louk de la Rive Box during his time as President of the European Association of Development and Research Training Institutes (EADI) for his unflagging support to both this project and the European Journal of Development Research. The contributors to this volume themselves deserve my thanks too...

  2. 1 The Evolution of EU Development Policy – Enlargement and a Changing World
    (pp. 11-28)
    Andrew Mold and Sheila Page

    Half a century after its foundation with the signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957, the European Union (EU) is moving slowly but surely towards a different stage in its development. It originally consisted of a group of six relatively homogenous member states but now comprises of a much more diversified heterogeneous grouping of 27 member states. Needless to say, the ongoing process of enlargement implies not only a quantitative, but also qualitative transformation in the outlook of the EU. Moreover, the most recent enlargements in 2004 and 2007, from 15 to 27 members, have been different from previous...

  3. 2 The Enlarged European Union and the Developing World: What Future?
    (pp. 29-66)
    Mirjam van Reisen

    The restructuring of Europe’s relations with its colonies and former colonies was a substantive and essential part of the establishment of the (then) European Community (EC). The creation of the European Union (EU) was a clear product of the new world order following World War II, in which the division of Europe between East and West was a defining factor. The creation of Europe was rooted in the East-West divide on the one hand and the decolonisation process on the other hand. These three historical processes – the creation of a European Community, the East-West conflict, and the decolonisation –...

  4. 3 European Development Policymaking: Globalisation and the Post-Lomé World
    (pp. 67-84)
    Marjorie Lister

    Globalisation – the process of creating an integrated global economy, polity, and society – is an inescapable theme of much of today’s academic literature. In fields ranging from cultural studies to economics, sociology, and politics, scholars address questions of what globalisation is, how it is occurring and who benefits and who loses out. In development studies the analysis and categorisation of different regions or groups of countries such as the richer countries of North America and Western Europe, the formerly socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and poorer countries of Africa and Asia has been central, with the aim...

  5. 4 Clash of Civilisations or Intercultural Dialogue? Challenges for EU Mediterranean Policies
    (pp. 85-108)
    Roderick Pace

    Since Samuel Huntington published his theory that world politics in the post-Cold War era should be understood from the perspective of a ‘clash of civilisations’, it has become customary when discussing Mediterranean politics to refer to this theory. Huntington’s theory (Huntington, 1993; 1998) has a measure of appeal because it is simple, compressing a very complex reality into a simplified and comprehensible framework of world politics. It achieves therefore what is expected of theory. But as is the case with many other theories it has also proved to be controversial. Does it have explanatory value? Is it reductionist in its...

  6. 5 To Reciprocate or Not to Reciprocate? Is that the Question? – A CGE Simulation of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreements
    (pp. 109-148)
    Andrew Mold

    After the post-Cold War expansion of the European Union (EU) to the east, Southern-tier members of the EU started to argue that this needed to be balanced by looking to the south as well. Many observers were particularly alarmed by the socioeconomic rift dividing Europe and North Africa. The European Commission noted that European-Mediterranean income disparities stood at 1 to 12 and would increase to 1 to 20 by 2010 if no measures were taken. The Commission also estimated that the Mediterranean countries’ populations would grow from 220 million in 1995 to 300 million by 2010. North Africa’s population explosion...

  7. 6 Challenges of Forging a Partnership Between the European Union and Latin America
    (pp. 149-168)
    Christian Freres

    The European Union’s relations with developing regions have evolved considerably with successive enlargements since the early 1970s. In this regard, the first enlargement (United Kingdom, Ireland, and Denmark) is linked with the creation of the Lomé Convention and the emergence of the Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) group of countries which formed the core of European Community (EC) development policy until recently.² However, as the United Kingdom was not able to incorporate its former Asian colonies in this scheme, these were placed in a residual category of ‘non-associated’ developing countries, together with Latin American nations. This latter group of countries...

  8. 7 The EU and Democracy Promotion in Africa: High on Rhetoric, Low on Delivery?
    (pp. 169-198)
    Gordon Crawford

    This chapter contrasts EU democracy promotion policy in Africa with the reality of its efforts in Ghana. It focuses on sub-Saharan Africa in the context of EU relations with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) nations; North Africa is not covered. The chapter argues that the policy is high on rhetoric but remains low on delivery. Although it is not possible to generalise from the one example, Ghana provides a particularly favourable context for external actors to support democratisation efforts. Therefore, if policy performance is poor here, it is argued that it is unlikely to be better elsewhere in Africa...

  9. 8 A Critical Assessment of Proposed EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements
    (pp. 199-220)
    Oliver Morrissey, Chris Milner and Andrew McKay

    The European Union (EU) has a long history of providing trade preferences to selected developing countries – the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) former colonies – under the Lomé conventions. Irrespective of the question of how beneficial these preferences actually were (they are viewed by many commentators to be of limited value, e.g., Langhammer, 1992), a core feature was that they were granted to selected countries that were not required to grant trade concessions to the EU in return. Such non-reciprocated preferential access to the EU for ACP countries was challenged under the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO)....

  10. 9 Creating a Development-Friendly EU Trade Policy
    (pp. 221-236)
    Christopher Stevens

    The EU has a bewildering array of trade polices towards other countries – the OECD’s most complex system in terms of the number of agreements. This differentiation is founded in discrimination, with some import sources treated more favourably than others. Historically, it could be claimed (contentiously, but with some justification) that the discrimination was based on some development criteria. No longer – as layer has been added on top of discriminatory layer it has become hard to provide for the EU’s regime any simple rationale other than that it exists. This has made it a source of international dispute: over...

  11. 10 Between a Rock and a Hard Place – Whither EU Development Policy?
    (pp. 237-269)
    Andrew Mold

    The chapters of this book have testified to the importance of the EU both as a provider of foreign aid and in its broader influence upon the developing world. The EU and its 25 members are the largest source of Western development assistance, giving some 34.5 billion euros in 2004, accounting for approximately 55 percent of all aid flows in that year (EC, 2006: 1). Leaving aside the aid provided by individual member states, the Commission is, in its own right, an important donor, being responsible for approximately 20 percent of total aid proceeding from the EU. All in all,...