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Contesting the Foreshore

Contesting the Foreshore: Tourism, Society and Politics on the Coast

Jeremy Boissevain
Tom Selwyn
Copyright Date: 2004
Pages: 320
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  • Book Info
    Contesting the Foreshore
    Book Description:

    This collection of essays is about tourism and social, political, and economic relations in coastal locations in various parts of the world. The starting point of each chapter is the ethnographic study of one particular place. However, the authors are also concerned with wider regional, national, and global forces which shape and influence the local economies and societies under review. Although most of the essays focus on the European coastline, the book is intended to have implications for other geographical areas. In most parts of the world, coastal settlements and contexts are changing rapidly and markedly. These contexts are routinely characterised by conflict between different interest groups contesting the ownership and control of the foreshore and its resources. One of the threads running through the volume is that coastal regions are often sites of fishing and related 'traditional' activities. The chapters discuss the relationships between traditional stakeholders, such as fishermen and local residents, and new stakeholders including new residents, second-home owners, tourists and tourism property developers, and fish farm managers as they vie for status, influence, and ultimately for space on the foreshore. The underlying preoccupation of the volume as a whole is the extent of penetration and transformation resulting from the onward march of capitalism and the market system in the coastal locations studied. This is the second publication in the "">MARE Publication Series This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0534-0
    Subjects: Sociology, Political Science, Economics

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Series Foreword
    (pp. 5-6)
    Svein Jentoft and Maarten Bavinck

    The coastal environment has become one of the new frontiers and fastest growing areas of the world’s tourism industry. Coastal tourism is having many ecological, economic, societal, and cultural consequences, which, while providing new opportunities for economic prosperity, are challenging for coastal communities. Old occupations, such as fishing, are making way for jobs in hotels and restaurants. Coastal resorts are making ever-increasing claims on resources and land, and power relations are shifting. In view of these developments, it is curious that this part of the tourism sector has attracted very little attention from the social sciences. Important questions regarding the...

  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. 7-8)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 9-10)
    Jeremy Boissevain and Tom Selwyn
  5. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 11-34)
    Tom Selwyn and Jeremy Boissevain

    This volume of essays is concerned with questions of place and space on coasts and is rooted in the ethnographic study of coastal villages, towns, resorts and marine parks, together with the land, sea, and natural resources that surround them. Although the larger part of the collection consists of work on the European coastline, the book is intended to have implications for geographical areas elsewhere in the world. The primary focus is upon coastal settlements and the contexts under which these evolve. These contexts are routinely underpinned by conflict between different interest groups contesting the ownership and control of the...

  6. 2 Privatising the Mediterranean Coastline
    (pp. 35-60)
    Tom Selwyn

    This chapter¹ is concerned with social space and geographic space and their transformations on Mediterranean coasts. The aim is to make certain generalisations about the impact of advancing capitalist relations and coastal development in the region. The chapter uses the development and organisation of tourism to illuminate the general processes it seeks to identify. These have to do with the privatisation of the coastline and some of its associated social, cultural and environmetal consequences.

    Let us begin, then, by making some generalizations about the role of tourism in Mediterranean regional development. All are familiar. First of all, tourism development has...

  7. 3 Littoral Fishermen, Aquaculture, and Tourism in the Canary Islands: Attitudes and Economic Strategies
    (pp. 61-82)
    José J. Pascual

    The artisanal fisheries in the Canary Islands are surrounded by different economic activities that have an important effect on the fishery-dependent populations. Two of these are of special relevance: tourism and aquaculture. Tourism and related economic activities have been the economic motor of the archipelago since the 1970s. The coast of the islands has been colonised by apartments, hotels, tourist resorts, and harbours. This process first began in the north of islands like Gran Canaria and Tenerife, for example places like Puerto de la Cruz on Tenerife, and later concentrated in the south of the islands Gran Canaria and Tenerife....

  8. 4 Between the Sea and the Land: Exploring the Social Organisation of Tourism Development in a Gran Canaria Fishing Village
    (pp. 83-108)
    Raoul V. Bianchi and Agustín Santana Talavera

    This chapter explores social and spatial transformations in the fishing village of Playa de Mogán on the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) influenced by the development of tourism over the last 40 years. It gives a brief account of the principal changes that have accompanied the shift from fishing and agriculture to a predominantly service-based economy centred around tourism. The issues raised in this chapter draw upon ethnographic fieldwork carried out by both authors (independently of each other) over a period spanning nearly 15 years, commencing in 1985 in the village of Playa de Mogán and two years ealier...

  9. 5 Tourism, Kinship, and Social Change in Sennen Cove, Cornwall
    (pp. 109-150)
    Michael John Ireland

    This chapter examines the changes brought about in the social structure of Sennen by the continued development of tourism in the local economy. Sennen Parish is situated in the extreme southwest of England on Land’s End peninsula (Fig. 5.1), approximately eight miles from Penzance and 290 miles from London. The parish covers approximately 2,300 acres of predominantly plateau land between 250 and 300 feet above sea level. The north and north-western boundary is formed by Whitesand Bay, which comprises the beach of Sennen Cove and the granite cliffs washed by the Atlantic Ocean. To the southwest the Atlantic meets the...

  10. 6 Evaluating Contrasting Approaches to Marine Ecotourism: ‘Dive Tourism’ and ‘Research Tourism’ in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, Indonesia
    (pp. 151-168)
    Julian Clifton

    The establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs) in developing countries is perceived as solving problems of over-exploitation of marine resources whilst also offering opportunities to promote alternative sources of income for local communities through tourism-related activities (Boersma and Parrish 1999; Gubbay 1995). These activities, commonly referred to as nature-based tourism or ecotourism, constitute one of the fastest growing sectors of the travel market (World Tourism Organisation 2002). Increasing consumer choice and spending ability in developed countries has led to an expansion of destinations catering to tourists demanding increasingly remote and unspoiled locations. Whilst the definition of ecotourism itself is subject...

  11. 7 Fishermen and the Creation of Marine Parks: Northern Sporades (Greece), Northern Cap de Creus (Catalonia), and the Iroise Sea (France)
    (pp. 169-184)
    Katia Frangoudes and Frédérique Alban

    The three examples of national marine parks to be presented here have been chosen for the following reasons: their set-up procedures differ, the objectives underlying their creation differ, and the points of view held by the respective fishing communities vary. The three national marine parks are the National Park of the Northern Sporades in Greece, the Northern Cap de Creus Nature Park in Spain, and the National Marine Park of Iroise Sea in France. The establishment of the three parks was based on three different initiatives in which affected fishing communities played, or did not play, significant roles. Here, we...

  12. 8 An Assessment of the Potential Interest of Fishermen to Engage in Boat-Chartering in the Context of a Marine Park: The Case of the Iroise Sea, Western Brittany, France
    (pp. 185-204)
    Frédérique Alban and Jean Boncoeur

    Even if favourable in the long run, standard methods designed to curb overcapacity in the fishing industry have immediate consequences that are either harmful to fishermen or costly to taxpayers. In response to overexploitation, the strategies of individual fishermen can be very different. Some decide to harvest different stocks elsewhere in order to maximise their catches, and so undertake the necessary modifications to their boats and gears. Other fishermen adopt the alternative strategy of controlling their investment and fishing costs by harvesting an inshore zone, like a small bay that is more protected from bad weather. This attempt to minimise...

  13. 9 Marine and Coastal Issues in Local Environmental Conflict: Greece, Spain, and Portugal
    (pp. 205-232)
    Maria Kousis

    The most serious problems facing marine and coastal resources in regions around the globe are environmental ones (Huberet al.2003). In European Mediterranean regions the main factors affecting coastal and marine areas are urban development, tourism, fisheries and aquaculture, agriculture, population change, industry, energy, and transport growth (EEA 1999). Southern European Union coastal regions host large metropolitan areas such as Athens, Barcelona, or Lisbon. In the mid-1980s almost 90 percent of urbanised land in the Mediterranean was found in the coastal zones of Spain, France, Greece, Italy, and the former Yugoslavia (EEA 1999). Socioeconomic groups often compete for the use...

  14. 10 Hotels, Tuna Pens, and Civil Society: Contesting the Foreshore in Malta
    (pp. 233-260)
    Jeremy Boissevain

    This chapter discusses the struggle between the traditional stakeholders in the Maltese foreshore, such as fishermen and locals enjoying the seaside in their free time, and new stakeholders associated with the tourist, building, and aquaculture industries. National and local authorities, intent on earning foreign exchange, creating jobs and appeasing the powerful building and tourism lobbies, generally favour the new stakeholders. Although the power balance between these rival stakeholder coalitions is grossly unequal, the position of the traditional stakeholders defending the foreshore is not completely hopeless. To protect their interests, they occasionally mount ad hoc campaigns against specific developments. They are...

  15. 11 All Pervading Island Tourism: The Case of Texel, The Netherlands
    (pp. 261-280)
    René van der Duim and Jaap Lengkeek

    Coastal tourism is immensely popular, and it often includes the most intensive forms of tourism. As a consequence, many coastal areas have been spoilt, or their inhabitants have to deal with serious problems of natural and environmental conservation (Conlin and Baum 1995; Doody 1997; Gómez and Rebollo 1995; Opperman and McKinley 1997; Priestleyet al. 1996). Islands constitute a particular variation on the theme of coastal tourism, being bounded by coastal areas and separated from the larger spatial context of the mainland (Briguglioet al. 1996). Their attraction is not just their coasts, however, as they often have other important...

  16. 12 Izola’s Fishermen between Yacht Clubs, Beaches, and State Borders: Connections between Fishing and Tourism
    (pp. 281-308)
    Nataša Rogelja

    I remember how several years ago I watched some slides with my friends back home from my summer vacations on the Adriatic coast. The photographs that captured my friends’ and, above all, my attention as the photographer were undoubtedly those that portrayed colourful wooden boats in the port, silhouettes of the fishing vessels with the setting sun in the background, tanned and weather-beaten faces of fishermen, and bits of coastal villages that I had managed to cut out from the neon advertisement signs. At the time when I joined a research project at the Institutum Studiorum Humanitatis (ISH) and started...

  17. Index
    (pp. 309-316)
  18. List of Contributors
    (pp. 317-320)