Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
No Cover Image

From Early Tang Court Debates to China's Peaceful Rise

Friederike Assandri
Dora Martins
Copyright Date: 2009
Pages: 160
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    From Early Tang Court Debates to China's Peaceful Rise
    Book Description:

    This volume presents new topics from Chinese history of the last 1400 years from a broad range of fields such as politics, religion, society, economy and culture. The refreshing eight articles give new insights on events as different as the inter-religious court debates of the Tang, the Jiaqing reform of the Qing, the China display on the Chicago World Fair in 1893, Christianity and state-building in Chaozhou, the Taiwan salt trade, Chinese indentured labour in World War I in France, China's rise and current internet regulation. This book highlights the complexity of multi-level interaction of different agents in the center and periphery of China, inside and outside China, contributing to intellectual debates, political and social dynamics, economy structure, modernization, identity building and interaction with the outside. This title is available in the OAPEN Library -

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0145-8
    Subjects: Political Science, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. List of Tables and Charts
    (pp. 7-8)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 9-14)

    This volume offers a selection of papers that were presented at the International Convention of Asian Scholars 2005 in Shanghai and in 2007 in Kuala Lumpur. In the best tradition of the ICAS conventions, the eight chapters in this volume present original and new research, introducing to-date unexplored, overlooked or ignored subject matter as well as new interpretations and evaluations of a wide range of historical and contemporary issues.

    Covering a timeframe of more than 1,400 years, this volume presents case studies that highlight new aspects and facets of the complex interactions that inform the course of Chinese historical and...

  5. 1 Inter-religious Debate at the Court of the Early Tang: An Introduction to Daoxuan’s Ji gujin Fo Dao lunheng
    (pp. 15-32)
    Friederike Assandri

    This chapter introduces the institution of inter-religious court debate according to a to-date neglected source text, Daoxuan’sJi gujin Fo Dao lunheng(Collection of Critical Evaluations of Buddhism and Daoism from the Past and Present, T¹ 2104). During the Six Dynasties and the Tang dynasty inter-religious debate constituted a forum of intellectual exchange between Daoists and Buddhists and between secular authorities and clergy. A detailed study of Daoxuan’s reports allows us for the first time to describe the rhetoric characteristics and formal proceedings of these debates.

    In early medieval China, Buddhism and Daoism influenced each other as they developed, yet...

  6. 2 Social Crises and Political Reform during the Jiaqing Reign of Qing China, 1796-1810s
    (pp. 33-52)
    Wensheng Wang

    The Qianlong-Jiaqing transition¹ in the 1790s was an eventful and a highly troubled period for the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). It was marked by a riotous crescendo of widespread, often clustering upheavals – the South China piracy (1790s-1810), the Miao uprising (1795-97), and the White Lotus rebellion (1796-1805) – that engulfed much of the empire and shook the foundation of Manchu rule. This extraordinary conjunction of crises served as a foretaste of the escalating internal and external calamities that would convulse the late Qing state during the first Opium War (1839-42) and the Taiping rebellion (1850-64). It is also regarded as...

  7. 3 ‘China’ on Display at the Chicago World’s Fair of 1893: Faces of Modernization in the Contact Zone
    (pp. 53-66)
    Yuki Ooi

    At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, many changes were taking place in China. At that time, the government of the Qing dynasty was struggling to modernise the nation in order to survive, while Chinese people on American soil were also struggling with modernisation. Chinese who lived in the United States maintained transnational relations with their homeland and cared about this relationship, but at the same time they had begun to settle into American society. Because of their experiences living in a Western country, it can be assumed that their idea of modernization...

  8. 4 Christianity and State-Building in Republican Chaozhou, South China
    (pp. 67-88)
    Joseph Tse-Hei Lee

    In the first half of the twentieth century, the Qing imperial order collapsed and the new modern state had not yet been established, so there was an opportunity for Chinese to search for new ideas of modernization and state-building. This chapter presents a case study of the relations between Protestant Christianity and state-building in the Chaozhou region of South China from 1900 to 1930. Although twentieth-century Chinese nationalism was predicated on secularism, the reach of Christianity, repressed but far from domesticated, returned to haunt the secular state from the late Qing to the Republican era. By examining church-state relations during...

  9. 5 The Structure of Salt Distribution in Taiwan, 1895-1945
    (pp. 89-110)
    Tsu-yu Chen

    Salt is a commodity necessary for daily life. There are salt resources all over the world, yet not every region can produce table salt. A common way to produce salt is by evaporating seawater. Taiwan is well suited for this kind of activity. Retrieving salt from seawater started in Taiwan very early since the island was inhabited.

    Before 1895 the Taiwanese salt trade was part of the Chinese salt trade. Since the second century B.C.E. the right to salt distribution belonged exclusively to the Chinese government and to licensed merchants. Over time, there emerged a complex structure for the distribution...

  10. 6 Semi-Colonialism and Cultural Interaction: Chinese Indentured Labor in World War One France and the Sino-French Connection
    (pp. 111-120)
    Paul J. Bailey

    During World War One, beginning in 1916, nearly 140,000 Chinese laborers (mainly from the northern province of Shandong) were recruited by the British and French governments to make up for labor shortages in France, as well as to release British dockworkers in France for military duty. Although the French government looked principally to its formal colonies and protectorates for labor manpower during the war (recruiting 78,566 Algerians; 48,955 Vietnamese; and 35,506 Moroccans, for example), it imported nearly 37,000 Chinese workers. Those recruited by Britain constituted a larger proportion of its overseas labor force used in France; organized into 195 ‘labor...

  11. 7 China’s Rise: Some Considerations
    (pp. 121-140)
    Dora Martins

    In the last years, the emergence of China as an economic, political and cultural power has been a hot topic of discussion among scholars of Chinese studies. The main driving force of China’s current re-emergence is the policy of ‘reform and open up’ (gaige kaifang改革开放) initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, which stimulated specially its economy. While some scholars and also some foreign governments argue that this emergence represents a threat, others maintain that China is non-threatening. To respond to the perception that an emergent China is a threatening China, the Chinese government promoted the slogans ofpeaceful rise...

  12. 8 A Snapshot of Internet Regulation in Contemporary China: Censorship, Profitability and Responsibility
    (pp. 141-152)
    Jinqiu Zhao

    As one of the few developing countries performing well overall on the indicators for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by UNDP, China has been enjoying the fastest sustained economic advance in human history, with its GDP growing at an annual rate of 9.67 per cent from 1978 to 2006. The liberalized economic environment and the information revolution have become the foremost drivers of China’s fast telecommunication development in the last ten years. On April 20, 1994, China opened a 64K international dedicated circuit to the Internet through Sprint Co. of the United States, realizing a fullfunctioning linkage (‘Evolution of’...

  13. List of Contributors
    (pp. 153-154)
  14. Index
    (pp. 155-158)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 159-160)