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The Domestic Sources of European Foreign Policy

The Domestic Sources of European Foreign Policy: Defence and Enlargement

Omar Serrano
Copyright Date: 2013
Pages: 200
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  • Book Info
    The Domestic Sources of European Foreign Policy
    Book Description:

    When it comes to formulating foreign and pan-European policies, the European Union faces myriad challenges. The Domestic Sources of European Foreign Policy is an incisive study of these difficulties and their origins. It pays particular attention to the ways internal EU debates are influenced by domestic politics and political actors who legitimize or constrain support for shared policies. Ultimately revealing whether a democratic deficit exists in EU foreign policy, this book will be required reading for scholars and policy makers interested in European affairs and international relations.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-1832-6
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgements
    (pp. 9-10)
    Omar Ramon Serrano Oswald
  2. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 15-24)

    A common (mis)perception about European foreign and security policy (EFP) is that it largely does not exist, and when it does exist that it usually underperforms. This perception stems to a large extent from a misunderstanding of the aims and tools of EFP (and perhaps a general lack of information about what efp entails). However, it also reflects a puzzle, namely, how twenty-seven states with different and widely divergent interests, originating from twenty-seven different electorates and political processes, are to develop a coherent common foreign policy. Some scepticism seems justified. And yet, over the past two decades, the European Union...

  3. 2 Theorizing European Foreign Policy
    (pp. 25-32)

    The European Union, owing to its unique institutional structure, faces a major challenge when formulating foreign policies. On the one hand, the support of its Member States (MS) is essential in order to formulate common positions and coordinate foreign policies; to develop common policies (e.g. enlargement); and to advance integration in areas related to foreign policy (e.g. defence). On the other, the Commission, and with the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty the European Parliament, have become significant actors that affect EFP through their agenda-setting and monitoring prerogatives.

    Traditionally, European foreign policy was implemented through the interplay between the...

  4. 3 Security and Defence Policies
    (pp. 33-84)

    In this first empirical chapter I look at factors that might facilitate or hinder cooperation in the area of European Security and Defence Policy (renamed Common Security and Defence Policy with the entering into force of the Lisbon Treaty).¹ The chapter begins by providing a brief account of what ESDP is all about, its main actors, and the state of affairs in both its military and civilian constituent parts (3.1). This appraisal is followed by an overview of the stances of the twenty-seven Member States in ESDP and the extent to which they have cooperated in furthering this policy through...

  5. 4 Enlargement
    (pp. 85-116)

    This chapter weighs the effect of domestic factors in facilitating or hindering cooperation between MS in enlargement policies. The chapter begins by looking at the reasons why domestic factors (particularly public perceptions) are likely to affect cooperation in this area by evaluating the previous two rounds of enlargement (in 2004 and 2007), as well as examining attitudes towards and challenges faced by current accession candidates. It then provides an overview of the workings of the policy itself and the reasons why cooperation between MS is essential for its success. In order to test whether and which domestic factors have an...

  6. 5 Conclusions
    (pp. 117-125)

    The previous chapters suggest that cooperation between MS in foreign policy is, as expected, affected by a combination of domestic political processes and economic interest. While the influence of economic and strategic interests proved easier to measure, accounting for the influence of domestic politics was more complex than anticipated. It is hard to capture the way that domestic forces shape EU foreign policy in a single overarching account, even if their influence was apparent in the two cases. That being said, the results of the study provide evidence to challenge the Almond-Lippmann thesis, in line with what has also been...

  7. Appendix 1 Enlargement: fsQCA Positive Outcome
    (pp. 127-127)
  8. Appendix 2 Enlargement: fsQCA Absence of Outcome
    (pp. 128-128)
  9. Appendix 3 Coding of fsQCA Conditions
    (pp. 129-138)
  10. Appendix 5 ESDP: Operationalization and Measurement
    (pp. 148-150)
  11. Appendix 6 ESDP Missions
    (pp. 151-151)
  12. Appendix 7 Political Parties: ESDP
    (pp. 152-166)
  13. Appendix 8 Political Parties: Enlargement
    (pp. 167-175)
  14. Appendix 9 GDP per Capita
    (pp. 176-176)
  15. Appendix 10 Unemployment
    (pp. 177-178)