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The Diary of Georgi Dimitrov, 1933-1949

The Diary of Georgi Dimitrov, 1933-1949

Introduced and edited by Ivo Banac
German part translated by Jane T. Hedges
Russian by Timothy D. Sergay
Bulgarian by Irina Faion
Copyright Date: 2003
Published by: Yale University Press
Pages: 560
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  • Book Info
    The Diary of Georgi Dimitrov, 1933-1949
    Book Description:

    Georgi Dimitrov (1882-1949) was a high-ranking Bulgarian and Soviet official, one of the most prominent leaders of the international Communist movement and a trusted member of Stalin's inner circle. Accused by the Nazis of setting the Reichstag fire in 1933, he successfully defended himself at the Leipzig Trial and thereby became an international symbol of resistance to Nazism. Stalin appointed him head of the Communist International (Comintern) in 1935, and he held this position until the Comintern's dissolution in 1943. After the end of the Second World War, Dimitrov returned to Bulgaria and became its first Communist premier.During the years between 1933 and his death in 1949, Dimitrov kept a diary that described his tumultuous career and revealed much about the inner working of the international Communist organizations, the opinions and actions of the Soviet leadership, and the Soviet Union's role in shaping the postwar Eastern Europe. This important document, edited and introduced by renowned historian Ivo Banac, is now available for the first time in English. It is an essential source for information about international Communism, Stalin and Soviet policy, and the origins of the Cold War.

    eISBN: 978-0-300-13385-1
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. ix-xii)
  4. Preface
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  5. Introduction Georgi Dimitrov and His Diary: The Rise and Decline of the Lion of Leipzig
    (pp. xv-xlviii)

    IN THE SUMMER OF 1995, when the expatriate Bulgarian artist Christo (Javacheff, Hristo Yavashev) completed his “Wrapped Reichstag” project, in which some $10 million were expended on covering the old German Parliament in Berlin with a million square feet of aluminum-colored fabric, most of the amused commentators had forgotten the other noted Bulgarian whose name will forever be tied to the Reichstag—Georgi Dimitrov, who stood at the helm of the Third (Communist) International (Comintern) in its final years (1935–1943) and who headed the Bulgarian Communist Party (BKP) and the government of Bulgaria from 1945 until his death in...

  6. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. xlix-lii)
  7. Notes on Transliteration and Usage
    (pp. liii-liv)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Germany
    (pp. 1-8)

    THE GERMAN portion of Dimitrov’s diary, written in Nazi detention from 9 March 1933 to 28 February 1934, is extremely dry and elliptical, and occasionally obscure. Dimitrov was well aware that his jottings would be subject to examination by his captors. Hence the notes have the character of a bare record—of a chronology that can be elaborated, if necessary, containing important reminders that could be useful in his battle of will with the Nazis. The diary begins with his arrest, early encounters with the investigating magistrates, and a shrewd record of Nazi thoughts on objectivity (an obstacle in the...

  9. CHAPTER TWO The Soviet Union
    (pp. 9-387)

    FROM 28 February to 1 September 1934 Dimitrov became reacquainted with the Soviet Union. From the first triumphal days packed with interviews, welcome meetings with the Soviet leaders, and little satisfactions (“Talk with [I. A.] Piatn[itsky]! Finally he is ‘satisfied’! Knorinwhat changed behavior”), he was quickly being drawn into struggles for a change in the Comintern’s Third Period line, marked by anti–Social Democratic sectarianism. The Schutzbund “insurrection” (or “armed resistance,” as Stalin put it), in which the Austrian Social Democratic armed units fought the fascists, was an issue on which Stalin tested Dimitrov’s willingness to develop a more...

    (pp. None)
  11. CHAPTER THREE Bulgaria
    (pp. 388-454)

    AFTER his return to Bulgaria, Dimitrov immediately threw himself into the electoral campaign, which the Fatherland Front won in mid-November, aided by the Communist control of the state agencies and the opposition boycott. There commenced a prolonged cat-and-mouse game with the Bulgarian opposition, in which the Agrarians of Nikola Petkov and the Social Democrats were most contentious. The Communists rallied thanks to the dependent parties, particularly theZveno(Link) of Kimon Georgiev and Damian Velchev, but had to consider the foreign-policy implications of their moves, as the Bulgarian peace treaty was not yet signed. They, Dimitrov included, were constantly prodded...

  12. Biographical Notes
    (pp. 455-480)
  13. Index
    (pp. 481-496)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 497-497)