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Habsburg Lemberg

Habsburg Lemberg: Architecture, Public Space, and Politics in the Galician Capital, 1772-1914

Markian Prokopovych
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    Habsburg Lemberg
    Book Description:

    Habsburg Lemberg: Architecture, Public Space, and Politics in the Galician Capital, 1772–1914 reveals that behind a variety of national and positivist historical narratives of Lemberg and of its architecture, there always existed a city that was labeled cosmopolitan yet provincial; and a Vienna, but still of the East. Buildings, streets, parks, and monuments became part and parcel of a complex set of culturally driven politics.

    eISBN: 978-1-61249-076-2
    Subjects: History, Architecture and Architectural History

Table of Contents

  1. Foreword
    (pp. xv-xvi)

    Markian Prokopovych offers here a fresh and original history of architecture, public celebrations, and public space in Lemberg/Lwów/L’viv, the capital of Austrian Galicia from the late eighteenth century to World War I. This book can serve as a model for writing the history of modern urban design in Central European cities with ethnically mixed populations and competing nationalist political movements. The study focuses on the interaction of politicians, cultural leaders, and architects and engineers in Lemberg with the Habsburg imperial center and its various provincial and local agents. During the late nineteenth century the competing Polish and Ruthenian nationalist forces...

  2. INTRODUCTION: The Other Lemberg
    (pp. 1-18)

    On 11 August 1869, members of the Polish Democratic Party – Franciszek Smolka, former revolutionary, later provincial Diet (Sejm) and Austrian parliament (Reichsrat) deputy and an honorary citizen of Lemberg,¹ together with a small group of his followers from the National-Democratic Society – assembled at the top ofFranz-Joseph-Berg, the highest of the hills surrounding the Galician capital. There they laid the foundation for a memorial, planned as a mound that would commemorate the 300thanniversary of the Union of Lublin’s establishment of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. To arrive at the hill, known to everyone by its medieval Slavic nameWysoki...

  3. CHAPTER ONE Architecture, Public Space, and Politics Revisited
    (pp. 19-62)

    The last decade of the eighteenth century following Joseph II’s death and the rise of Klemens Metternich’s police state in the early nineteenth century was marked by the termination, and even reversal, of many Josephinian reforms in politics and social affairs.¹ In Galicia and elsewhere in the empire, many scholars have assumed that the multifaceted everyday activities of provincial and local governments followed the change of, and worked fully in accord with, the political climate then current in the Viennese Court. They therefore expected that during the first decades of the nineteenth century, and especially after 1815, the Crown Land...

  4. CHAPTER TWO Writing the City: Bureaucrats, Historians, Technicians, and Nationals
    (pp. 63-132)

    The official architecture of the Austrian Vormärz, the neoclassicism of Pietro Nobile (1776–1854), the Royal Court architect and director of the Viennese Academy of Arts that was influential in Lemberg until the 1830s, has traditionally received little appreciation, even though leading Polish interwar scholars recognized Nobile as one of the most outstanding architects of the epoch.¹ Neither his figure nor his architectural school has been studied in any depth until recently, and his contributions to the architectural history of Central Europe,² as well as his involvement in the Galician capital,³ still await revision. One of the reasons for the...

  5. CHAPTER THREE Making the City: Institutions, Parks, Monuments
    (pp. 133-196)

    As early as the Vormärz, provincial and Municipal Building authorities in Lemberg were not the only actors in the rebuilding of the city, even if at times their role was decisive in a project’s fulfillment. For a project to succeed, even the most zealous commitment by some state administrators was not enough, and even commitments of this kind were often in short supply. For success, a project required a coherent construction plan, regular monitoring of the building process, sufficient funds and, in the absence of funds, committed volunteers. Although an increasing number of cultural societies claimed the right of decision...

  6. CHAPTER FOUR Using the City: Commemorations, Restorations, Exhibitions
    (pp. 197-274)

    The meaning of architecture speaks not only through the peculiarities of the building process and the art historian’s commentary, but also through its uses: buildings can be adapted, restored, or preserved in a particular form and decorated with new symbols and inscriptions for particular occasions. Temporary architecture can be erected to commemorate a historic event, such as a royal person’s visit or a provincial exhibition. Conversely, the reasons for the destruction or elimination of access to buildings can hardly be viewed as “practical.”

    In Lemberg, where rulers changed frequently throughout early modern and modern history, the symbolic uses of architecture...

    (pp. 275-304)

    The tendency to write history along the narrow lines of national narratives and professional architectural/art history – themselves often written from nationalist perspectives – has led to overly simplistic understandings of Habsburg Lemberg’s architecture. To successfully portray the complexity of its historical development and categories of architecture, as well as the associated politics of culture and nationalism, requires thorough and careful reformulation of terminology. Contrary to conventional national histories, the officials in the Galician governor’s office did not single-handedly shape the city’s architecture and its use of public space from the annexation of the city to Austria in 1772 until...