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Globalization and Networked Societies

Globalization and Networked Societies: Urban-Regional Change in Pacific Asia

Yue-man Yeung
Copyright Date: 2000
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  • Book Info
    Globalization and Networked Societies
    Book Description:

    The world in the last two decades of the twentieth century fundamentally and radically changed at a speed and on a scale never before witnessed. The challenge posed at the beginning of the third millennium is enormous for governments and people the world over. Globalization, along with globalism, continues its unrelenting and accelerating march as it draws more countries, cities, and people closer into interdependent relationships. Globalization and Networked Societies attempts to tease out some of the salient elements of this process, especially as it has affected urban centers in Pacific Asia over the past twenty years. Globalization and rapid economic growth have transformed the region and its cities on varied spatial scales, bringing new opportunities and challenges for governments, the private sector, and individuals. All countries in Pacific Asia are covered in this work, with special attention given to Hong Kong and to China, a late bloomer in the Asia scene but nevertheless one that has experienced phenomenal growth and accelerated globalization in recent decades. The empirical analyses reveal the outcome, dilemmas, and meanings of globalization in the urban-regional scene.

    eISBN: 978-0-8248-6267-1
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Preface
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xvi)

    • 1 Pacific Asia in the Context of Globalization
      (pp. 3-18)

      The word “global” is not new, going back, in fact, several hundred years, in the sense that the world is being homogenized. The dialectics of this process is that the world is also being differentiated. The earliest global exchange revolved around a number of interlocking subsystems in the Old World from Europe to the Orient in the thirteenth century (Abu-Lughod, 1987). However, people’s understanding of the world was limited and partial. It was not until Christopher Columbus, who discovered the New World, and Vasco da Gama, who circumnavigated the world in the fifteenth century, that we began to appreciate the...

    • 2 Globalization and World Cities
      (pp. 19-40)

      Pacific Asia having been situated in the globalization context, this chapter focuses on the interrelationships between globalization and a special class of large cities—world cities—in the region. It is divided into five sections, beginning with a review of the growing roles of cities in the informational/global economy. The second section concentrates on the interconnections between globalization and world cities. The third section discusses the nature of their interactions and the impact on the region. The fourth section shifts attention to world cities in Pacific Asia at closer range, specifically using actual examples to examine the changing socioeconomic milieu...


    • 3 The Emergence of Growth Triangles
      (pp. 43-68)

      The global restructuring that was triggered by the oil crises in the 1970s gathered momentum in the following decade as a consequence of several megatrends that affected many parts of the world. First, agricultural commodity and oil prices plunged, with deleterious consequences in many developing countries that depended heavily on their sales to realize national incomes. Especially hard hit were countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, where primary commodities accounted, respectively, for 98 and 83 percent of their exports in the 1980s. Second, concomitant with the decline in the role of material resources in production has been the rise...

    • 4 Infrastructure Development in the Southern China Growth Triangle
      (pp. 69-104)

      Much of the rapid economic development in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years has taken place across national boundaries as economic agents have attempted to capitalize on differing endowments of land, capital, and labor. Economic hubs, or growth triangles, have been established to enable countries to maximize the advantages to be derived from the possession of these factors of production and to produce synergistic conditions conducive to economic growth. The objective of this chapter is to examine how economic growth in the Southern China Growth Triangle (consisting of Guangdong and Fujian provinces, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) has been facilitated by...


    • 5 Metropolitan Planning and Management in China
      (pp. 107-142)

      China is not only the most populous country in the world but also the one with the largest urban population. The 1990 Census of Population recorded a total urban population of 301.91 million, or 26.4 percent of the total population. Since the People’s Republic of China came into existence in 1949, four censuses of population have been undertaken. Between the first census in 1953 and the latest one in 1990, the number of urban places almost doubled from 7,068 to 12,391, of which the number of cities almost tripled from 166 to 456, and the number of towns more than...

    • 6 Guangdong’s Rapid Change as a Coastal Province
      (pp. 143-160)

      Twenty-one years after a historic decision attributable to Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China has made truly remarkable economic strides through its economic reforms and open policy. World attention is once again focused on China’s economic upsurge, to such an extent that a “China craze” reminiscent of the early 1970s appeared to have resurfaced. Leading China’s bold and ambitious drive toward modernization and development has been Guangdong province, which has applied, with ingenuity and dexterity, a range of reform policies that have yielded astonishing and positive results across a broad front of economic and social life. The scope, pace, and prospect...

    • 7 Shanghai’s Transformation and Modernization under China’s Open Policy
      (pp. 161-180)

      Shanghai, literally meaning “on the sea,” which is vividly described in the opening quotation, is China’s largest city. It symbolizes the clash between Western and Chinese civilizations. After it was named one of five open cities by the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 following the Opium War (1839–1842), Shanghai was opened to Western trade and residence. It was a combination of unfettered Western capitalism, boundless Chinese entrepreneurial spirit, and an unrivaled geographic location that witnessed more than a century of unprecedented and dramatic growth at the mouth of the Yangzi River.

      Yet Shanghai is a city of anomalies and...

    • 8 Sustainable Urban Development in China and Hong Kong
      (pp. 181-210)

      At the Thirteenth Pacific Science Congress held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, in 1975, Maurice Strong declared that the environment held the key to the success or failure of the Pacific. He lamented the practices of careless, exploitative development that could destroy both the natural and the cultural environments in parts of the Pacific. He also underlined the influences of urbanization and industrialization and the introduction of the universalizing culture of consumerism, both of which had brought with them their admitted benefits, gross distortions, inequities, and a host of problems. He advocated a strategy of “ecodevelopment,” which would be accompanied...


    • 9 Planning Hong Kong for 1997 and Beyond
      (pp. 213-230)

      Pearl City is a visionary urban agglomeration, a megalopolis that connects Hong Kong to Guangzhou at either end, with a constellation of smaller but economically vibrant and culturally varied cities in between. It is one region that has benefited the most and the earliest from China’s open policy. It has witnessed such rapid economic growth over the past two decades that it has earned the sobriquet of the “Fifth Dragon of Asia” (Sung et al., 1995). It would have been beyond anyone’s wildest imagination prior to 1978, when China adopted its policy of economic reforms, that Hong Kong could be...

    • 10 Globalization and Urban Futures
      (pp. 231-248)

      The foregoing chapters have revealed the interconnections between globalization and processes of urban-regional change as reflected in economic growth and social reorganizations in the Information Age. These unfolding processes have been examined in the spatial unit of the city, the nation-state, and subregional configurations. At each of these levels, globalization has been shown to be a powerful agent and process of change, so much so that since the early 1980s, Pacific Asia has forged ahead in rapid economic transition, with many planners and observers anticipating, perhaps a little prematurely, the twenty-first century to be the Pacific century. The slowly calming...

  10. Epilogue: Asia’s Financial Crisis and Its Implications
    (pp. 249-252)

    Several of the chapters in this book have referred to the Asian financial crisis that has severely affected the economies of the region surveyed. However, the bulk of the empirical analysis was completed before the onset of the cataclysmic events since 1997. Thus, it is appropriate to dwell a little more on what the financial upheaval has meant for urban-regional change in Pacific Asia, especially in the new millennium.

    To put things in perspective, it should be recalled that the last three decades of the twentieth century have witnessed, in Asia and elsewhere in the world, more fundamental and profound...

  11. References
    (pp. 253-276)
  12. Index
    (pp. 277-287)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 288-288)