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Hawai`i Chronicles III

Hawai`i Chronicles III: World War Two in Hawai`i, from the pages of Paradise of the Pacific

EDITED BY BOB DYE
Copyright Date: 2000
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt6wqr4b
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  • Book Info
    Hawai`i Chronicles III
    Book Description:

    Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941--in the words of President Franklin Roosevelt, "a date which will live in infamy." More than 350 Japanese bombers, fighters, and torpedo planes struck Hawai'i in two waves, sinking or disabling eighteen ships and destroying more than two hundred aircraft. Close to 2,500 American military and civilians died that morning, another 1,178 were wounded. The Hawaiian Islands had been pulled into the Pacific War and the lives of its citizens were irrevocably changed. Hawai'i Chronicles III: World War Two in Hawai'i looks at the human and social impact of the war on the people of Hawai'i from 1938, when speculation of a Pacific War first surfaced, to the era of postwar prosperity that followed. Editor Bob Dye has selected articles that originally appeared in the popular monthly magazine Paradise of the Pacific (now known as Honolulu magazine). An introduction describes the history of the magazine and the colorful characters who published and edited it. Dye then poses the question: How did Hawai'i's citizenry cope with the war? Blackouts, media censorship, gas and food rationing were imposed. Schools were commandeered, jobs were changed or modified to support the war effort (lei makers were set to making camouflage netting). And soldiers were everywhere: stringing barbed wire (along Waikiki Beach!), guarding public buildings and searching anyone who entered, worrying parents when they dated their daughters. Paradise of the Pacific provided its readers with an informative, perceptive, and often entertaining look at these and other everyday experiences of life in wartime Hawai'i.

    eISBN: 978-0-8248-6276-3
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-xiv)
  3. Introduction Ma’s Paradise of the Pacific
    (pp. 1-10)

    Ma must have been mad as hell. She had been putting outParadise of the Pacificsince the start of the century, and now the self-proclaimed military governor of Hawai‘i told her to stop publishing the magazine. It wasn’t fair. She hadn’t started the damn war.

    Within hours of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Governor Joseph B. Poindexter relinquished control of the government of the Territory of Hawai‘i to Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short, commanding general of the Hawaiian Department. Short took complete control of government and suspended the writ of habeas corpus. Civilians would be tried for even...

  4. I Prelude to War in the Pacific

    • [I Introduction]
      (pp. 11-14)

      Only a decade after the U.S. annexation of Hawai‘i in 1898, Congress authorized construction of a naval base at Pearl Harbor. From this strategic bastion the relationship between U.S. naval strength and American foreign policy would be demonstrated in the Pacific. As U.S. Adm. Alfred T. Mahan phrased it, “one of the functions of force is to give moral ideas time to take root.”

      The island of O‘ahu was destined to become the best defended fortress on the Alaska-Hawai‘i-Panama defensive perimeter. In 1907 Fort Shafter became the first permanent post for federal troops in Hawai‘i, and 234 men were stationed...

    • Pacific War?
      (pp. 15-16)

      Never before has the Eastern Pacific faced the possible threat of a major war as this year. Wars between groups of Hawaiians, War of 1812, Mexican War, War with the Confederacy, Chinese-Japanese War, Spanish-American War, Japanese-Russian War, and the World War, all left impressions on the Eastern Pacific Area; but never in the past has Mars glared so personally toward that theatre as during this year.

      Hawaii is the nearest American soil, that may be classified as continental, to the raw edges of the pirate-like, undeclared war, now raging in Asia. The Philippines and Guam may be defined as “temporary”...

    • America “On Defense” in the Pacific
      (pp. 17-19)

      Will history repeat itself? In 1914, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Delano Roosevelt asserted that our national defense was unready for war and urged that his country prepare—the World War followed. Twenty-four years later, in 1938, President Roosevelt made the same assertion and the same urge. Will history repeat itself, and will the Second World War begin in 1938?

      National defense means an efficient national offense. The United States cannot be defended by waiting on our coasts for the enemy. All of our foreign wars were “defensive wars”—even the Mexican War when Our Navy presented the Union...

    • Dual Citizenship and Expatriation
      (pp. 20-22)
      GEORGE SAKAMAKI

      There are five general ways in which citizenship is acquired. One is by birth, which groups the nations of the world into three principal classifications: (1) nations that observe the Civil Law practice whereby a child’s citizenship is determined by the nationality of its parents, as in Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and others; (2) nations that espouse the Common Law doctrine, which awards citizenship according to place of birth, as is the system in countries like Argentina, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Portugal; and (3) nations that combine the law of blood and the law of soil, including Belgium, France,...

    • Speed! Congress! Speed!
      (pp. 23-25)

      Speed! Congress! Speed! Swift speed is of the essence today on Capitol Hill. Our Country has owned Hawaii since 1898. For over forty years Congress—charged by the Constitution with the vital duty of preventing war, declaring war, and winning war—has been cogitating over the problem of National Defense in the Pacific. Acts must now replace cogitation. Immediate demand is being made now for the solution to the problem, which is more than complicated by an air-power so impressive that even a well-informed imagination can hardly believe what it knows to be a fact.

      “There is a new range...

    • Our Hawaii Is Absolutely American
      (pp. 26-28)
      E. V. WILCOX

      Visit the Archives of Hawaii to secure information. In that building—Waikiki of Iolani Palace—is lodged the true story of Hawaii. Although the earliest original document is dated 1790, authent that Hawaii should be solidly and unquestionably American in feeling and action. By the same token it becomes the duty of us mainlanders to back up Hawaii in her resolution to keep her Americanism undefiled.

      The amazing pranks of the buffoons and bullies who are turning Europe and Asia back into the Dark Ages may have the effect of directing our attention to our own affairs more realistically. Perhap...

    • Naval Power in the Pacific
      (pp. 29-31)
      JOHN WILLIS

      The United States fleet was never based in Hawaii for sentimental reasons. When the new arrangement goes into effect, creating three fleets—Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic—the Pacific fleet will still be based here. The reasons have been told and retold: to guard the western ocean approaches to the United States. But recently President Roosevelt said that America does not propose to lose control of any ocean touching American shores. Finally, therefore, the Pacific fleet will be created to control the Pacific Ocean.

      Vast sums are to be expended on defense projects in this area, centering in Hawaii. That Uncle...

    • The Army in Hawaii
      (pp. 32-36)
      GRANVILLE BROWN

      The past year has been one of the most eventful of the Army’s long history in Hawaii. The year has seen the continued expansion of the military forces in the islands, the first all-island blackout, the induction of Hawaii’s first contingent of selective service men into the Army, the boosting of the rank of the commanding general of the Hawaiian Department to that of lieutenant general, and the change of the Army’s top command in Hawaii.

      The calling of the Territory’s two National Guard units, the 298th Infantry and the 299th Infantry, for a year’s active duty at Schofield Barracks;...

  5. II War!

    • [II Introduction]
      (pp. 37-38)

      On Sunday morning, December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft attacked the recently arrived U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the naval base itself, and airfields on O‘ahu. So complete was the surprise that the enemy met only light resistance from Army defenders—only thirty pursuit planes managed to take off and but four of the twenty-seven antiaircraft batteries were able to go into action. Within two hours, the attackers sank or heavily damaged 18 of the 96 warships in the harbor, 8 of them battleships; destroyed 188 of 394 aircraft on O‘ahu and damaged 159. There were 2,403 American servicemen killed...

    • 1942

      • [Introduction]
        (pp. 39-41)

        On the first day of the new year, theAdvertiserran a photo of Hawai‘i’s Gov. Joseph B. Poindexter and Honolulu’s Mayor Lester Petrie being fingerprinted. The entire population of the territory was to be registered by military authority. There was no objection by the white elite, who saw registration as a justifiable step to insure that authority would remain firmly in haole hands.

        News arrived that Manila had fallen to Japanese forces on January 2. On January 20, gas masks were distributed on O‘ahu. Next day twenty-two white civic leaders met to organize a civilian volunteer defense force. Within...

      • Out of the Night
        (pp. 42-43)

        The President of the United States immediately denounced it as treachery of the worst order. Since then the entire nation has echoed in a great and growing crescendo the President’s sentiments. While still talking peace with the United States, Japan struck without warning. And now the slogan has spread to the farthest corners of the United States: “Remember Pearl Harbor.” The American people will never forget, and they’ll never quit until the attack has been fully avenged.

        The big majority of American citizens in Hawaii who are of Japanese ancestry feel the same way as Americans of Anglo-Saxon stock. Thus...

      • Remember Pearl Harbor
        (pp. 44-44)

        Honolulu will never forget Sunday morning, December 7. The sudden, savage attack on Pearl Harbor and army posts by a nation then at peace with the United States, and at that moment still talking peace, immediately was labeled the basest of treachery by the President of the United States. Since then Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox has published to the world something of the extent in material damage and the number of lives lost…. Winged death, coming without warning—just as Japan has always attacked wherever she has waged war—naturally brought apprehension to the island population…. But not...

      • There Always Will Be Heroes
        (pp. 45-48)

        In this department this month we have taken from the records, and from individuals themselves, stories of heroism performed during the early stages of the emergency in the islands. We’ll lead off with that epic of Niihau, most isolated of all of the inhabited islands. It relates to Benny Kanahele, a powerfully built Hawaiian, descendant of Hawaiian warriors, and a Japanese pilot who was forced down there. Benny didn’t get mad at the invader until the latter shot him three times … and then he picked up the little yellow man, dashed him against a stone wall, and Mrs. Kanahele...

      • The New Life
        (pp. 49-51)
        TIM WARREN

        Three months in Hawaii under war restrictions and emergency conditions have brought to island residents a mode of living unlike anything ever before experienced in Hawaii. That’s natural, of course. Never before has Hawaii known a similar or paralleling situation. But, as has often been said, the miracle of it all is the willingness with which the residents have adapted life to these conditions. Our commanding general has said that discipline in Hawaii is better than what he observed in London.

        What are the changes? We’ll note a few. And we’ll start with the lei custom. Long, long ago public...

      • Warning—Take Heed
        (pp. 52-53)
        TIM WARREN

        It was a blustery morning in March 1942. The hour was 2:15 a.m. In the dead hours. A silver moon rode high above the scudding clouds. Blackout. A large majority of folks were asleep. Out of the deep night came a muffled rumble, accompanied by a quake. Another muffled rumble, more like an explosion than its predecessor. A third, even more pronounced, with doors rattling, walls creaking, and through it all the swishing of rushing air.

        Scene is Honolulu. More immediate scene, the slopes of Tantalus. Immediate result: mystery.

        Came the daylight hours, and residents living within a mile of...

      • Hawaii Territorial Guard Reserve
        (pp. 54-56)
        ROBERT PATRICK

        “Ready for action,” they fired back as Col. Philip Lindeman inspected the Hawaii Territorial Guard Reserves. The stuff men are made of, and the men who make America, is truly represented in the war training clan of Hawaii’s enthusiastic, capable, alert, and “on the beam business men.”

        Not satisfied with standing by when things are happening and eager for a chance at constructive military training to enable them to perform efficiently and effectively through a recognized and authorized organization, these lively citizens are giving up spare time to work out regularly and rigorously in active combat tactics.

        Having taken a...

      • The American Legion Goes to War Again
        (pp. 57-62)
        ADNA G. CLARKE

        Sunday morning, December 7, I had been enjoying my radio—having heard among other things a transcription of a nationwide sermon that my wife and I value very greatly—when strange and unusual Sunday morning messages began to come in, from both Honolulu stations, such as “All Army, Navy and Marine personnel report immediately to their posts and stations; all emergency police please report to police headquarters immediately; all civilians ordered off the streets; all steamfitters report to Pearl Harbor; all naval operators report for work; all firemen report for duty”—and then more unbelievable messages indicating that Pearl Harbor...

      • Elections—and War
        (pp. 63-64)
        TIM WARREN

        It was inevitable that someone should bring up the question of the autumn elections. It was inevitable that the politicians—out of office—should demand that the elections be held. It was inevitable that many of those in office, for the sake of appearances, should advocate holding the elections—as usual. As usual? A bit funny, that. Nothing in these islands can be done as usual—as it was done in pre-war days. That’s patent—nothing. We are at war. Life’s routine isn’t the same. It can’t be. Nothing is the same. It can’t be.

        Some favor omitting the primaries....

      • Analysis of Midway Battle
        (pp. 65-66)

        The Battle of Midway, in which victor’s honors were shared by both army and navy, is a cause for optimism. It demonstrated (a) that the Japanese navy is capable of the gross blunder of underestimation and (b) that air power, in which the United States is to be overwhelmingly supreme, is the vehicle to victory.

        The Midway battle, at present writing, seems to have subsided to minor actions. These points in favor of the United States are now highlighted:

        (1) To win the Pacific war, Japan must control Midway and Oahu. Her initial attempt is a costly failure. Japan’s major...

      • Politicos Are Worried
        (pp. 67-69)

        Hawaii may hold an election this fall or it may not. It all depends on what is happening in the war about that time. This is the word that comes from Lt. Gen. Delos C. Emmons, military governor, who has the last say about all things civilian in the first American community to come under absolute military rule since the Civil War.

        “You can hold an election if the Japs don’t have you otherwise engaged this fall,” was, in effect, the word given the people of the Territory by the military governor.

        And Hawaii, where in ordinary times politics is...

      • A Gas Mask Graduation Class
        (pp. 70-71)
        LOUISE STEVENS

        The University of Hawaii is on a war basis. The longest summer session in its history will end August 29. An accelerated program that enables students to complete a standard course and receive a degree in three years instead of four was inaugurated following the commencement on June 4.

        The only graduating class in America to receive their degrees in the war zone, the class of 1942 marched into the tropical garden of the University’s outdoor theater, each student carrying his gas mask in its khaki case. The cumbersome masks, slung over shoulders by long brown straps, contrasted oddly with...

      • Black Sunday and Thereafter
        (pp. 72-77)
        EARL M. THACKER

        It was hard to believe we had actually been attacked. Our family had just finished a leisurely breakfast and we were all planning to go down to Pearl Harbor, hoist sails on thePanini,and take a family group picture to be sent to our friends as a personal Christmas card. We aimed to get there before noon so that we would have the benefit of cloud effects with the coconut-fringed waters of Pearl Harbor in the foreground. The picture was changed. Here it is.

        I shall try to describe how we have been living here in Honolulu since December...

      • War and Business in Honolulu
        (pp. 78-80)
        LESLIE A. HICKS

        Conditions of war have sharply altered many phases of Honolulu’s business set-up, although the volume of retail and wholesale trade since the first of the year has mounted to the highest totals to date in the city’s history. The gains have not affected all lines equally, and many establishments are doing less business as a result of restrictions now becoming nationwide. It is noteworthy that Honolulu is able to maintain a high level of trade while functioning as a front line in the Pacific war area.

        One outstanding loss is the discontinuance of tourist travel, worth millions of dollars a...

      • Paladins of Paradise
        (pp. 81-83)
        EDGAR RICE BURROUGHS

        The old grey mare ain’t what she used to be. Honolulu has changed. Do you see that buck private in khaki crawling along through the weeds on his belly, pushing a rifle in front of him? The sun is beating down on his tin hat. His hands and face are dirty. He is sweating like a horse. He is vice-president of the Bishop National Bank.

        Five paces to his right, behaving in the same amazing manner, is the dignified manager of Remington-Rand’s Honolulu office.

        The young fellow with the .45 Colt strapped at his hip, the one who is signaling...

      • “Tourists” in Denim
        (pp. 84-87)
        CLARENCE LEWIS HODGE

        The defense boom in Hawaii, with its attractive wages and island glamour, has caused thousands of war workers from the mainland and other parts of the world to flock to Hawaii to work on war projects. Skilled and unskilled labor, they come from all walks of life and from every state in the Union and many foreign countries. Several thousand come from the sugarcane and pineapple plantations of the outer islands, and others from Honolulu and rural areas on Oahu.

        The number of war workers in Hawaii cannot be revealed for military reasons, but the islands teem with workers of...

      • Honolulu Today
        (pp. 88-89)
        LORNA ARLEN

        Complexities of living brought about by war are, like Cleopatra’s charms, “of infinite variety.” Among them is the difficulty of getting the simplest things done in Honolulu these days. Take the matter of a shoe shine. A friend of ours approached a young shoeshine boy on a downtown corner and was startled when the boy refused to clean his shoes. “No can, bud. They brown and white, see? It’s fifteen cents for a shine, and I can do two pairs of all brown or all black while I’m doing your one. I’m too busy.”

        Then there’s the problem of getting...

      • Territorial Government at War
        (pp. 90-99)
        JOHN SNELL

        Japanese bombs—dropping December 7, 1941, on Oahu, first American soil to bear the brunt and suffer the scare of the initial Axis’ aggressor attack upon the United States—unified the American people into a single indomitable purpose: “Win this war—get it over as soon as possible!”

        Likewise, within two hours after the first explosion at Pearl Harbor, which transformed Hawaii from a vacation “Paradise of the Pacific” into the center of an active combat zone, all resources of the territorial government were dedicated to the achievement of that single objective of our fellow citizens on the mainland of...

      • The Year in Retrospect
        (pp. 100-106)
        LaSELLE GILMAN

        The old cliché to the effect that “you wouldn’t know the old place now” applies today to Hawaii perhaps more fully than to any other American community. After the first year of war in the Pacific, the Islands have been turned upside down—revolutionized. It has been a bloodless, social revolution (bloodless, that is, except for the opening day), but it has changed not only the manners and customs of the people, and their mental and physical habits, but it has also altered the very face of Hawaii itself to an extent that would probably astonish any Mainland resident who...

    • 1943

      • Ke Kauwa Nei O Kauai (Kauai at War)
        (pp. 108-110)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        The residents of Honolulu, absorbed in the complex problems of wartime conditions, are seldom aware that, on the outside islands, life presents an even more complicated pattern. A special Pearl Harbor anniversary edition ofThe Garden Islandpresents a fascinating summary of the year’s events on Kauai.

        From a newspaperman’s point of view, the biggest story of the year from Kauai was the story of the battle for Niihau, an editorial states. “The story was not hampered by censorship to a great extent and was promptly printed in all the newspapers here and on the mainland. An article on the...

      • Honolulu Today
        (pp. 111-113)
        LORNA ARLEN

        Entertainment-starved Honolulu had its first taste of Mainland entertainment since the war began when Capt. Maurice Evans gave his spell-binding lecture at McKinley auditorium last month. Although in Hawaii for active duty with the army, Evans generously agreed to appear before an audience of civilians.

        In spite of a downpour of rain, the auditorium was packed. It was an audience such has not been seen in Honolulu since darkness fell on the Islands. “Everyone” was there … the University crowd, the Manoa set, those familiar faces that used to be seen at the Symphony, the Academy, the Community Theater, the...

      • Islands Await Effects of New Regime
        (pp. 114-114)

        An announcement that stirred Hawaii was the one from Washington, D.C., stating that citizens of Japanese ancestry would be permitted to volunteer for combat duty with the Army of the United States. The mainland was to provide three thousand men for the new unit, and the Territory of Hawaii would provide fifteen hundred.

        The demonstration of loyalty given by AJA’s in the Territory in meeting the quota and then exceeding it fivefold and more is heartening proof of the unity of all sections of the population in Hawaii. No more sincere display of patriotism can be asked of anyone than...

      • A Unique Experience in Government
        (pp. 115-116)
        WILLIAM EWING

        In the throne room of Iolani Palace last month, ceremonies were held observing the restoration of civil government in Hawaii. Civil government was suspended, for all effective considerations, on December 7, 1941. Last month the powers given over to the military on that day were restored to the authorities who originally held them, the civil government.

        The change was ordered at Washington by the departments concerned at the capital—the war, justice and interior departments—the agreement being reached on the advice and with the consent of their representatives here. In practically all cases the regulations that have applied under...

      • “G.I.” Hawaiian
        (pp. 117-123)
        MILLY LOU DONNELLY

        Little brochures have been issued by the Army telling our soldiers the proper way to ask for a spot of tea in London and what not to say to a veiled lady in Algiers. Perhaps a couple of colloquialisms would make them feel more at home in Hawaii, where East is sometimes Ewa, and West depends on where you stand at the time. Then, too, consider the sad sailor, to whom the pretty Hawaiian maiden said “Ae, No!” Things would have been so different if he had known she didn’t mean “I? No!” but “Yes, indeed!” Therefore, I have assembled...

      • It’s Their “Right to Fight” for America AJA’s Abandon Jobs and Security for Combat Duty
        (pp. 124-125)

        “I am very happy. It is an honor for my son and for us,” Harue Doi, Kauai yardman, said when he was informed that his only son, Mitsuru, eighteen-year-old Lihue garage attendant, was the first volunteer in the Territory to be inducted into the U.S. Army combat regiment created for Americans of Japanese ancestry. That typified the reaction of parents of the twenty-six hundred AJA volunteers inducted in the Territory during the past month.

        “I’m just waiting to begin training and get into action,” young Mitsuru, Harue Doi’s son, said as he was congratulated on being the first AJA volunteer...

      • To Volunteer or Not? Whether It Is Better to Wait for Uncle Sam and the Draft
        (pp. 126-129)

        Examination Week had finally come when out of the clear came the announcement that the Army was going to accept fifteen hundred volunteers of Japanese ancestry from Hawaii. This important message was given to the students at the University before it had leaked out to the local papers. The announcement came at a special assembly held for the purpose. And of all times, it had to be given on the day before examinations were to begin. The instant it was announced, exams became secondary.

        After the assembly, and at the assembly, most of the boys were enthusiastic and raring to...

      • Lei Day, 1943
        (pp. 130-131)

        Nimble Hawaiian fingers that once wove flower garlands now use their skill in making camouflage nets to conceal military fortifications. Men and women who once made their living growing flowers are doing more vital work. Land that once grew blossoms is now planted with vegetables so that the islands may become more self-sustaining.

        This is typical of every phase of life in Hawaii, which has put aside its light-hearted mood of the past and has pitched into wartime activities more seriously, perhaps, than any American community.

        Lei Day is now Bond Day in Hawaii, and the pageantry, except for an...

      • OPA—Hawaiian Style
        (pp. 132-134)

        Uncle Sam’s bulldog effort to stabilize the cost of living, and to distribute fairly and equitably those things that war makes scarce, definitely has reached these out-post islands in the Pacific. OPA, which in the past year has become a household word on the Mainland—affecting, as it does, every single one of America’s 134 millions—is rapidly becoming a real, tangible something to those of us who saw the American-Japanese death struggle unfold in our own backyard.

        The history of Hawaiian price control differs radically from that of its counterpart on the Mainland. It was the military government—not...

      • Mental Disturbances Caused by the War
        (pp. 135-137)
        EDWIN E. MCNEIL

        Emotions developed in wartime are anger and aggression. These natural emotions are directed not only against the enemy but at the leadership in our own group. This runs the gamut: Congress—capitalists—labor—bureaucracy—military leaders—promotion by seniority—the soft life of the age—the sugar plantations—the kamaainas—the press—and almost anything or anyone that has power or influence.

        In this present war, most people are, in varying degrees, mad and scared—and because both of these feelings are very uncomfortable ones, people want to do something so that they will feel different. Unfortunately, from a psychological...

      • Night Life in the Twilight
        (pp. 138-141)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        Mainlanders no doubt laugh when they hear about Hawaii’s new night life—from six to nine, with no liquor served. But to the fun-starved residents of Honolulu even a simple pleasure such as this is a welcome blessing. The people of Hawaii have had to learn many new things in the last year and a half, and the latest is that you can have a surprising amount of fun during an evening when you go home at about the time you used to go out.

        At first they had to learn to stay home—and like it if possible. The...

      • Help Wanted! 21,000 Jobs in Hawaii
        (pp. 142-145)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        Wanted: workers to fill twenty-one thousand jobs in Hawaii! But if mainland papers copy, please warn the women that there are several regulations that may prevent them from coming to the islands to work.

        Life in Hawaii may have been simple in the old days, but it certainly is no longer. And no one is more aware of the complications brought about by wartime stress than the officials of the Honolulu Federal Civil Service office. A chat with these men brought out some interesting facts of life about men, women, and jobs in Hawaii.

        Federal agencies, for instance, need fourteen...

      • Poor Planning Now Means Future Regret
        (pp. 146-147)
        V. N. OSSIPOFF

        Honolulu’s acute housing shortage that has existed since before the start of the war and the recent federal authorization to construct five hundred homes here have made the subject of construction a favorite topic of conversation in Hawaii.

        The war has already had a staggering influence on what may have to be referred to as “the once fair city of Honolulu.” Shelters, barracks, recreation halls, and other buildings for use by the army, navy, and OCD within the city limits have altered the appearance of Honolulu to a marked degree.

        Provisions of the Honolulu building code set up for the...

      • Hotel Street, the Service Man’s Domain
        (pp. 148-149)

        Hotel Street, from River to Richards, has become the service man’s domain. Like the stalls of market-day Palestine, the merchants of Honolulu have taken every available inch of space to sell their wares. The doorway or nook that once went to the shoeshine boy is now a jewelry counter. In what used to be a vegetable store now flow beer and coke.

        A lad in white or khaki can find a weird assortment of things to buy. A watch or a drink are right on the route. Pin-ball machines and clothing, a hair cut or a gift to mother are...

      • Honolulu Looks at Tomorrow
        (pp. 150-152)
        LESTER PETRIE

        Honolulu, its municipal machinery geared to war and running with amazing rhythm under conditions that might well be expected to cause it to rattle and clank, operated during its second year of global conflict so as to produce public services adequate to supply the community’s immediate needs and at the same time prepare for the glowing future that is plainly visible on the horizon that is Peace. War is creating a new destiny for the city it has made the focal center of its own tragic activities in the Pacific area.

        The Honolulu of yesteryear—the city that rested in...

      • Hawaii Rifles—Big Island Volunteer Unit
        (pp. 153-156)
        EARL CHALLENGER

        The scarlet Lehua flower is the red badge of courage as well as the official insignia of the Hawaii Rifles. A profound poetic insight could have chosen no more eloquent symbol than this for the fighting men of the Volunteer regiments of the Island of Hawaii. For upon the tortured and riven black lava flows, first to split the barren rock with its roots and to grow after the lichens and ferns, is the mighty Ohia tree, whose flame-flower Lehua blossoms are indeed nature’s own triumphant beacons of courage.

        Only such inherent courage could have inspired humble Filipino coffee pickers...

      • Invasion by Haoles at Niihau
        (pp. 157-159)
        LaSELLE GILMAN

        Mysterious Niihau may still be isolated, remote from a world at war, and jealously guarded against the encroachments of a decadent civilization, but it is Hawaii’s hermit island no longer.

        The war—and the Army—have revolutionized Niihau. A curious transition has taken place on this tiny little isle lying twenty miles off the rugged coast of Kauai. The modern world of jeeps, radios, movies, electric lights, and bold-eyed strangers in uniform has invaded that legendary baronial estate with its 130 inhabitants.

        Niihau, until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, was a quiet, lonely chunk of coral and volcanic rock,...

      • The Year in Retrospect
        (pp. 160-170)

        Compared with the revolutionary changes that turned Hawaii topsy-turvy the year before, the past year has been a relatively uneventful one in Hawaii. Although still living under more controls than exist anywhere else in the country, the people of the Islands have experienced gradual lifting of many restrictions so that life seems almost luxurious by contrast with the preceding year. Electrifying knowledge that they are on the threshold of the forthcoming mighty offensive in the Pacific, however, kept Islanders on the alert and hard at work, with little time or opportunity for play.

        On the first of January this year,...

    • 1944

      • Finishing School of the South Pacific Combat Soldier
        (pp. 172-175)
        GORDON A. KRAMER

        “Guts at both ends of the bayonet,” the traditional motto of “Wild Bill” echoes and re-echoes itself throughout the huge jungle valleys in Hawaii that Lt. Col. William Crowell Saffarrans has picked for his school. Ever the practical, never the spectacular, “Wild Bill” Saffarrans has inaugurated the most astounding “bill of goods” ever to be delivered into a general’s lap.

        Innocently placed by the side of one of Oahu’s scenic highways stands the headquarters and camp sites of the Unit Jungle Training Camp. It reveals little of the explosive quality of training going on in the nearby valleys. From early...

      • Hawaiian Economy, Present and Future
        (pp. 176-180)
        RUBY T. NORRIS

        The war is effecting many and sweeping changes in the economy of the Islands. The basic production of Hawaii—cane and pines—is being carried on under terrific strain. The Islands have been transformed into a fortress. The new airports and defense projects have commandeered much excellent land; and the labor supply has drifted away into the armed forces, defense work, and the highly lucrative service trades.

        The processes of importation, by which the Islands obtain the vast bulk of the consumption goods, are carried on under abnormal and trying circumstances. Old established firms find their quotas cut by their...

      • A Yank’s-Eye View of Honolulu
        (pp. 181-183)
        BILL REED

        The war hasn’t changed the people of Honolulu a bit. They are still as hopelessly sentimental, as wildly romantic, and as childishly imaginative as they were in the days before the blitz. When the Japs blasted their ivory tower with death-dealing bombs and machine-gun bullets, they were stunned into realism for only a moment. On December 8, 1941, Honolulu citizens were just as sentimental as they were on December 6. The only difference was the change in the object of their affection.

        Sentimentality is usually a very funny trait. It is what makes women weep at the movies, men blow...

      • Hawaii’s Debt on Army Day
        (pp. 184-185)

        In observing Army Day, Hawaii owes a special debt of gratitude to the Americans of Japanese ancestry fighting gallantly in Europe, not only for their share in fighting the war, but because they have become symbols throughout the world that Americanism is not a matter of “race, color, or creed.”

        Although the AJAs themselves would prefer not to be singled out because of their racial background, most of them are aware that theirs is an opportunity to prove once and for all their loyalty to the American way of life. Those who return to Hawaii will be entitled to all...

      • Honolulu … Island Boomtown
        (pp. 186-189)

        Astronomical figures on money spending are no novelty these days, but the staggering amount of money that has been circulating in Honolulu since the start of the war is probably unequaled in any area of the same geographical limitations and civilian population.

        Since the start of the war, for instance, the amount of money spent in retailing has increased $22 million, or more than 75 percent. The amount spent on amusements is up $5 million, or 80 percent; bank deposits have soared $120 million, or 75 percent. Postal receipts have increased 300 percent since the start of the war.

        Fourteen...

      • Frank Comments by a Feminine Legislator
        (pp. 190-193)
        KAMOKILA CAMPBELL

        As an American with the soul of an Hawaiian, living in the midst of a polyglot community, I shall think aloud so that the holders of Hawaii’s destiny may hear.

        When two grand old political parties, like the Republican and Democratic parties of Hawaii, permit their representation of our government to develop into a poker game, with cards stacked against personalities and chips on shoulders, responsible leaders of this community should take a definite stand for rebuilding the parties along American ideals.

        Our present civil service laws appear contradictory to American principles when they deprive a man of his rights...

      • Should Service Men “Date” Oriental Girls?
        (pp. 194-197)
        DOROTHY JIM and TAKIKO TAKIGUCHI

        An interesting outgrowth of the war in Hawaii is the problem of social relations between civilians and service men. The influx of these mainland soldiers has created a sociological problem that no doubt will play a large part in shaping our social and cultural life in after years.

        Hawaii’s population is so diverse in character and culture that, on the surface, the addition of another social group will not affect its basic nature too seriously. However, these men are not merely another cultural group immigrating to the islands for the purpose of becoming someday a permanent element in the population....

      • War Workers as a Social Group
        (pp. 198-202)
        CORY WILSON

        Early in 1941 Honolulu opened its gates and started running another social group through its already strained digestive system. To this city, still struggling to assimilate such racial, cultural, and social groups as the Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Filipinos, Portuguese, Puerto Ricans, Caucasians, Hawaiians, plantation workers, and the Army and Navy, another group known as mainland defense workers had to be added.

        This group was designated “defense workers” before December 7, and in spite of efforts to change the appellation to “war workers,” or many other variations, they are still known as defense workers and likely will be after the war...

      • Honolulu Civic Center: An Analysis
        (pp. 203-205)
        HART WOOD

        The present Civic Center is a bit of Honolulu and Hawaii that is picturesque, beautiful, and distinctive. It is characteristic of old Honolulu. It is something that none of us would want to see abolished. The buildings of which our Civic Center is composed are Federal, Territorial, and Municipal in function: i.e., Iolani Palace, Judiciary Building, City Hall, Post Office, Territorial Office, Board of Health, Library of Hawaii, Tax Office Building, and the Archives Building. Most, if not all of these, are urgently in need of space to accommodate their rapidly expanding functions.

        This naturally leads to the question of...

      • The Pearl Harbor Memorial
        (pp. 206-211)
        MRS. VERNA CLARK

        The Pearl Harbor Memorial Trust is an eleemosynary corporation chartered by the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii. The objects and purpose of the corporation are “to acquire land for, build and maintain a suitable memorial dedicated to the men who fought in the battles of the Pacific, to be known as the PEARL HARBOR MEMORIAL and to solicit the donation of funds and property to the corporation for the said objects and purposes.” The charter is a perpetual one.

        The financial affairs and the custody, management, maintenance, investment, expenditure, and disposition of moneys and property of the corporation is...

      • Inter-Racial Marriage in Hawaii
        (pp. 212-213)

        Thirty-two percent of all marriages contracted during the past fiscal year in Hawaii were between persons of different racial backgrounds, the annual report of Edward Y. Z. Chong, acting registrar general of the bureau of vital statistics, says.

        Of 4,947 marriages performed in the territory during the 1943–1944 fiscal period, 68 percent were of couples with the same racial background. This compares, for example, with 78 percent in 1939.

        Almost one-half of the Caucasian men married women of other races, the report shows, and 9 percent of Caucasian women married men of other races.

        Caucasian men married 371 part...

      • Soldier and a Juke Box
        (pp. 214-216)
        WILLARD WILSON

        Honolulu is a strange, new place these days. The beaches are fairly clear now of their barbed wire, but streamers of dank seaweed still dangle from the twisted strands at low-water mark. The formerly gentle, spoiled way of life in Hawaii has given way to something quick, sinewy, and hard. Life has become direct and meaningful, though at times crude and rough. There is urgency in the air. It is the home stretch and we are tired of talk. The whole city is lean, nervous, and in a hurry.

        We walk into stores to buy socks or neckties, and standing...

      • The Year in Retrospect
        (pp. 217-224)
        LORNA ARLEN

        Except for its important role as the base from which the Pacific war’s mighty offensive was launched, there were few outstanding events in Hawaii during the past year. It was mostly work and little play for residents of the Islands, both civilian and military. But in spite of the monotonous pattern of work and rest, there has been the stimulus of being at least a small part in the events that have taken our armed forces from the perimeter of the enemy’s empire to his very doorstep.

        As the year began, there was grim fighting in New Britain, with Bougainville...

    • 1945

      • [Introduction]
        (pp. 225-226)

        In January, the City and County of Honolulu refused to lease Ala Moana Park to the Army, citing a law that prohibited a transfer for such a purpose.

        In late February, U.S. forces completed the capture of Manila. In March, Iwo Jima was taken by U.S. Marines, and, in April, the island of Okinawa was invaded.

        On April 12, while vacationing at Warm Springs, Georgia, President Roosevelt died. Harry S Truman was sworn in as president.

        On May 7 the German army surrendered to the Allies at Rheims, France, and President Truman declared V-E Day. The news reached Hawai‘i at...

      • Territorial Plans for Administrative Center
        (pp. 227-233)

        The area between Beretania St. and School St. from Nuuanu Ave. to Emma St. presents some exceedingly interesting possibilities for development of an Administrative Center. This plan envisages the extension of Bishop St. through to the proposed new Vineyard St. arterial, with the Capitol Building terminating this gently rising vista in the large area between Vineyard St. and School St. Bishop St. is without question the one street in downtown Honolulu of sufficient width for an adequate approach to an Administrative Center and is almost entirely unspoiled by unsightly, cheap, and otherwise inappropriate buildings.

        With the probable improvement and enlargement...

      • Planning Honolulu: A Study
        (pp. 234-236)
        PHILIP FISK, ALLEN JOHNSON, JAMES MORRISON, VLADIMIR OSSIPOFF and ALFRED PREIS

        Ethnographically and climatically, Honolulu has affinities with all countries and nations bordering the Pacific Ocean; geographically, it is their center. Air transportation brings these countries closer to Honolulu than to each other, with traveling time reduced to hours. These conditions and Honolulu’s own charm and beauty predestine this city as a recreational as well as a cultural-educational meeting place for the entire Pacific Area.

        The strategic position of Honolulu in war-time remains strategic in times of peace. The role Honolulu is playing in winning this war can be carried on to perpetuate a lasting peace. Honolulu can serve not only...

      • Punahou Goes Home
        (pp. 237-241)
        HUBERT V. CORYELL

        The boys and girls of Punahou are going back to their campus again. It was a big moment when, on Feb. 6, 1945, President Fox made the announcement at a special assembly called in the middle of the morning; and the thousand students present filled the air with their yells of delight. The earnest wish of every pupil, teacher, parent, and alumnus was to be granted at last. Honolulu’s hundred-year-old school was going back to its own home, the home that its devout founders and loyal workers through each generation had built for it with toil and sweat and sacrifice....

      • A Pocket Guide to Honolulu: Soldiers’ Introduction to Hawaii
        (pp. 242-244)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        When Uncle Sam says to a soldier, “So You’re Going to Hawaii!” he now has a practical method of letting the man in uniform know what to expect when he reaches the islands. It isA Pocket Guide to Hawaii,an attractive booklet that is issued to the men aboard the transports en route, and is something for which the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce ought to give three cheers.

        Not that it is by any means a tourist-type glamour talk. On the contrary, it prepares the soldier for the wartime conditions that exist in Hawaii and debunks his preconceived notions...

      • Fixit Is Fine
        (pp. 245-248)
        STEVE CHIANI

        Miss Fixit is the sweetheart, mother confessor, and arbitrator of the Army, Navy, and Marines. For the past few years—four to be exact—she has been breezing her way into their hearts and minds through her popular question-and-answer column that appears daily inThe Honolulu Advertiser.

        This blonde dynamo, all of five-feet-three inches, has tenaciously clung to her sense of humor in spite of the tons of letters, some serious—some nonsensical—that come her way. “I don’t want anyone to get the wrong idea,” she said, as she pointed a red-tipped finger at the assorted reference books that...

      • Troubles in Paradise
        (pp. 249-253)
        RUBY T. NORRIS

        Sociologically, the Territory of Hawaii is part of the United States. When you arrive you feel at home almost immediately. It has the same religious system, family pattern, economy, language, and educational system. However, there are physical and social factors that set it apart and give it a distinctive flavor. Specifically, the Islands are a greater war zone, in common with other boom towns in mainland war production centers. They are set in the middle of the ocean—a chain of volcanic islands with inter-island travel infrequent enough to result in far less intercommunication than normally exists in a mainland...

      • Colossus of the Pacific
        (pp. 254-257)
        H. L. STICKNEY

        One of the greatest stories of the Pacific War concerns the almost unbelievable job that Pearl Harbor Navy Yard has done since Japan attacked it.

        “The Yard” has become synonymous with tremendous effort and extraordinary accomplishment. The great base of today (a picture remote from the undermanned area that invited assault nearly four years ago) is intertwined with the lives of almost countless Honolulu residents, both kamaaina and malihini.

        Much has been said of the Navy’s job of salvaging the wreckage left by the Nipponese, and certainly it was a heroic job, but an even bigger and rarely mentioned task...

      • Gracious Tradition in the Home of a Late Hawaiian Princess
        (pp. 258-260)
        ELLEN L. DAVIS

        Some months ago, when the USO learned that Uncle Sam’s girls were coming to this doorstep of the Pacific war, it started looking around for an oversized welcome mat and a place to put it … and found it in the historic old home of Princess David Kawananakoa on Pensacola Street. I’d met the Princess only once, when she came in her station wagon—as she so often did—to visit the Princess Home USO at Kahuku, which she’d turned over to us for the duration shortly after the war began. I remembered her rich, throaty laugh, the sparkle of...

      • The Light Warden
        (pp. 261-264)
        WILLARD WILSON

        Some time ago we had a practice air raid alert and blackout. The sirens wailed, we again stumbled around in the dark for a few minutes, and malihinis made annoyed remarks. But as the sirens sounded their all-clear call, it occurred to me that here indeed, by the very “practice” nature of the blackout, was symbolized the end of a civic era. The sound of the dove was indeed heard again in the land, and the days of the light warden were numbered. Before he joins the dodo, Tojo, and other vanished relics of a past age, it seems to...

      • A Warden’s Technique
        (pp. 265-270)
        WILLARD WILSON

        Getting down to the serious part of the job, and the thing that is really the heart of the whole problem of being a successful light warden, I found that the whole crux of the matter lay in a proper approach to the individual who inadvertently or carelessly violated the law. One had to approach him in a way calculated to get results, and at the same time one had to be extremely careful not to antagonize the transgressor. After all, the poor ignorant dolt is a neighbor of yours, and you are going to live in the same neighborhood...

      • Victory
        (pp. 271-272)

        Word of the impending Japanese surrender reached Hawaii shortly after three o’clock in the morning. Hickam Field went wild with joy, with men racing through barracks awakening those who still slept and telephoning the news to their civilian friends in Honolulu. Radios were switched on and telephones jingled in thousands of homes, and friends exchanged the incredible morsels of information. Like the rest of the world, Hawaii was tense with suspense during the days that followed. Pearl Harbor’s spectacular celebration occurred on August 13, when the surrender news was confirmed.

        On Victory Day, when President Truman’s announcement was made that...

      • New Jobs for Lei Sellers
        (pp. 273-274)
        THELMA LEONARD and RUSSELL GORDON

        The lei sellers, once—and no doubt soon to be again—the first attraction to meet the tourist’s eye as he stepped ashore in Honolulu, have a new temporary job. It’s their second new job since the war dressed Hawaii’s visitors in uniforms. The first job, once of vital importance to the war effort, was the making of garland strips to camouflage Hawaii’s installations from enemy airmen.

        It was a happy choice because thorough knowledge of colors and strong, nimble fingers to weave the deceptive patterns were required. It also permitted the lei sellers to work together. Or better, to...

      • Horse Racing Returns to Hawaii
        (pp. 275-277)
        CAROLINE WRIGHT

        “They’re off!” The old familiar race-track shout was a real treat to war-time Honolulu as the bangtails returned to the Kailua Race Track on July 1st at the Oahu Jockey Club Summer Meet. Several thousand G.I.s saw for the first time Oahu’s top thoroughbreds running it off on the fast five-furlong track … exclaimed at the beautiful setting of mountains and palm trees … beefed about the two-dollar admission charge. The Oahu Jockey Club promptly lowered the charge for service men to one dollar and, along with Hawaii’s other race fans, they’ve been coming back every Sunday to enjoy the...

      • The Territory’s Schools Did Their Share
        (pp. 278-279)

        With the coming of victory, the Commissioners of Public Instruction have reviewed with pride the important part played by teachers, principals, and pupils in the historic days since December 7, 1941.

        Before sunset of that eventful day, trucks rolled up to the doors of school buildings and unloaded great numbers of frightened women and children. Teachers, principals, and cafeteria managers were already setting up Army cots, preparing food, and taking care of small children and babies. Night came and with it “a darkness that may be felt,” for which no person was prepared, no building equipped. Stifling curtains were hastily...

      • Red Cross “Re-Cap”
        (pp. 280-282)
        MARJORIE G. SULLIVAN

        Hawaii has the only Red Cross Chapter that was under fire in World War II. Perhaps that accounts, in part, for the sustained interest and remarkable accomplishments of its volunteers. They know how it feels to have an enemy at the door, the anxiety of wondering if he will return tonight, or next week, or ever. The Hawaii Chapter went into action on December 7, 1941, along with the Army and Navy. Motor Corps was on the road immediately. Even though complete organization of few other corps had been effected, women turned out in droves to make surgical dressings, to...

      • The “Society Cops”
        (pp. 283-284)

        In June 1939, Maj. Douglas King of Honolulu returned to his former home in England, hoping to be taken back into the British Army, but was rejected as being over the age limit. He returned to Hawaii and in May 1941, offered his services to his adopted country and was appointed a “dollar-a-year man” with the Honolulu Police Department in command of the Provisional Police. The Provisional Police consisted of twenty-five-hundred-odd men who had been recruited and trained by Mr. T. G. S. Walker. Generals Herron and Short thought these men could be used in an emergency throughout Oahu as...

      • Hawaii’s Organized Defense Volunteers
        (pp. 285-296)

        The primary factor that influenced the formation of the Organized Defense Volunteers was the threat of attack during the uncertain months following December 1941. Several groups had organized prior to that time. They were called “Emergency Guard” and “Provisional Police.” But during the early months of 1942, civic and business leaders throughout the territory began organizing defense groups on a large scale. They asked for Army sponsorship, so that they could be provided with weapons and be allowed to train with Army units stationed on the islands.

        Oral approval for the formation of civilian-military volunteer defense forces was given on...

      • Honolulu Symphony in the War Years
        (pp. 297-300)
        MARVELL ALLISON HART

        As the Honolulu Symphony Orchestra prepares for its first series of post-war concerts, it is interesting to review its activities during the four years of war, which, strange as it may seem, were the most successful in the history of the organization.

        On the evening of December 6, 1941, tickets for the 1941–1942 series of four concerts were being carefully taken from their boxes and placed in envelopes to be ready for mailing to season ticket holders on Monday, December 8. Because it is never possible to finish this job in one evening, Mr. W. Twigg-Smith, the manager of...

      • Hawaii’s Bid as United Nations Capitol
        (pp. 301-305)

        Adopted at a meeting in the Senate Chamber of the Capitol of the Territory of Hawaii, September 26, 1945.

        Whereas, the selection of a place for permanent headquarters of the United Nations Organization—the United Nations Capitol—will be under consideration by the Preparatory Commission at an early date, and

        Whereas, the interests of the United Nations Organization will best be served by a location within the confines of the United States of America and one which, from a world standpoint, is central and neutral in its geographical position and character, and

        Whereas, the Territory of Hawaii, U.S.A. is noncontiguous...

      • Five Hundred Men to a Girl
        (pp. 306-309)
        Olive Mowatt

        This article does not deal with the teen-age girl whose mother turned her loose at twelve. It deals with the girl whose parents want to know where the party is to be held, with whom she is going, and at what time she will return. It deals with the service men whose mothers and wives write two and three times a week, men who carry pictures of their wives and babies or their sweethearts, and show them at the slightest provocation. In Hawaii during the war, it was five hundred men to a girl, they say. Actually the figures are...

      • 1945—In Retrospect
        (pp. 310-316)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        Hawaii played an important but minor role in the world drama during the past year, one of the most eventful in history. Local news was relatively insignificant compared with the staggering headlines of war and peace. However, because Hawaii was affected by the war more than any other area of the United States, it reflected world events proportionately. Like the rest of the world, the Islands are experiencing the pains of transition from one era to another, and much of the future is unpredictable.

        At the first of the year, while Patton was opening a mighty drive from Bastogne and...

    • 1946

      • [Introduction]
        (pp. 317-318)

        Across the Mainland and in Hawai‘i, labor demands to share in the post-war prosperity. Corporations turn a deaf ear and strikes occur. The Hawai‘i Sugar Planters Association begins recruiting and shipping in Filipino workers. And statehood for Hawai‘i gets a big boost when President Truman says he’s for it.

        On January 10, the first General Assembly of the United Nations meets in London.

        On January 24, the United Nations establishes the Atomic Energy Commission to restrict atomic energy to peaceful uses.

        On February 25, the U.S. Supreme Court says that martial law in Hawai‘i was illegal.

        On April 1, a...

      • War and the Birds of Midway
        (pp. 319-327)
        HARVEY I. FISHER and PAUL BALDWIN

        The leeward islands of the Hawaiian Chain are world renowned for their breeding colonies of tropical seabirds. Some of these seabirds breed in only a few other places in the world. Laysan and Midway are also widely known as the home of the Laysan Rail and the Laysan Finch. These latter species live, or lived,onlyon the most westward islands of Hawaii. Certain of these westward islands have been used extensively in the prosecution of the war, and rumors indicated that some of the birds were being ruinously decimated. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the Territorial...

      • Tourist Forecast
        (pp. 328-332)
        CLARENCE L. HODGE

        Hawaii can expect an influx of tourists in 1947 numbering more than 110,000, a figure unexcelled in the history of the islands, according to an estimate recently made by Mark Egan, executive secretary of the Hawaii Visitors Bureau. Before the war some fifty thousand tourists spent in excess of $20 million a year in Hawaii, and within five years Hawaii can expect to receive about $45 million from the tourist trade, Mr. Egan says.

        One-hundred-ten thousand people is a sizable crowd in any man’s language, and an annual income of $45 million is certainly worth cultivating because the huge wartime...

      • Housing Dream Come True
        (pp. 333-336)

        A brand new town, complete from the garage of the last house on the last street to the drug store across from the community hall, is an event of importance. The territory of Hawaii is to have not only one such modern town but possibly a baker’s dozen of them, and this isn’t the dream of a visionary. In the midst of all the concern, discussion, and effort devoted to the problem of adequate housing and its accomplishment in both public and private projects, plans for the building of these new towns that will revolutionize rural life in the islands...

      • Hawaii—49th State by ’49?
        (pp. 337-342)
        GEORGE H. McLANE

        Statehood for territories perhaps had its inception in 1787, when Congress, still under the Confederation, passed the Northwest Ordinance, bringing into existence the territorial form of government and providing conditions for transition from territory to state. Statehood for Hawaii has been brewing for more than a century. There was an American settlement in Hawaii before there was one in California. American civilization was transplanted to the Islands by American missionaries in 1820. Successive migration developed a harmonious citizenry of diverse origins.

        In 1854, during the period of monarchy in the Hawaiian Islands, a treaty was proposed, though never ratified, that...

      • “We Wish to Do Our Part”
        (pp. 342-345)

        Because of the color of their skin, some of us forgot. Forgot that they knew about the seventh-inning stretch, read the colored comics on Sunday, liked apple pie a la mode. Forgot that they were Americans of Japanese ancestry—and not Japanese. Some of us said that color would tell, that yellow was yellow, and white was white. Others said, “The Japanese are fine people, but you just can’t trust them.” Because their faces were different, their names strange, their parents born in Japan, instead of in England, Germany, or Pennsylvania, some were sure they just couldn’t feel as American...

      • 1946—In Retrospect
        (pp. 345-350)
        EILEEN O’BRIEN

        Hawaii, like the rest of the country, groped its way through 1946, wrestling with grave problems such as a housing shortage and labor-management disputes. As the year comes to a close, these and other problems are far from solved. Cheering notes, however, have been the remarkable speed with which the disfiguring physical traces of war have been removed from the Islands and the sustaining optimism that eventually Hawaii is destined for unprecedented economic expansion as the air and sea crossroads of the Pacific.

        The first of the year saw several “hangovers” from the war, such as the Pearl Harbor inquiry,...

  6. Afterword The End of Paradise
    (pp. 351-353)

    Without Ma there,Paradiselost its kama‘āina voice. Instead, editor O’Brien sought to exploit the military market by producing “special editions” as mementos—Navy Day Edition, Armed Forces Anthology, Victory Edition, Honolulu Today. But with troops heading home, the military was a dwindling market.

    In July 1948, William Frederickson Sabin died, at age seventy-two. During his long journalistic career in Hawai‘i, the versatile Will Sabin (he was also an artist and editorial cartoonist) wrote for theEvening Bulletin, Hawaiian Star, Honolulu Republican,andPacific Commercial Advertiser,where he was that paper’s first paid columnist. In 1942 he and his wife,...

  7. Back Matter
    (pp. 354-354)