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Minimal Old Chinese and Later Han Chinese

Minimal Old Chinese and Later Han Chinese: A Companion to Grammata Serica Recensa

Axel Schuessler
Copyright Date: 2009
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  • Book Info
    Minimal Old Chinese and Later Han Chinese
    Book Description:

    Although long out of date, Bernard Karlgren’s (1957) remains the most convenient work for looking up Middle Chinese (ca. A.D. 600) and Old Chinese (before 200 B.C.) reconstructions of all graphs that occur in literature from the beginning of writing (ca. 1250 B.C.) down to the third century B.C. In the present volume, Axel Schuessler provides a more current reconstruction of Old Chinese, limiting it, as far as possible, to those post-Karlgrenian phonological features of Old Chinese that enjoy some consensus among today’s investigators. At the same time, the updating of the material disregards more speculative theories and proposals. Schuessler refers to these minimal forms as "Minimal Old Chinese" (OCM). He bases OCM on Baxter’s 1992 reconstructions but with some changes, mostly notational. In keeping with its minimal aspect, the OCM forms are kept as simple as possible and transcribed in an equally simple notation. Some issues in Old Chinese phonology still await clarification; hence interpolations and proposals of limited currency appear in this update. Karlgren’s Middle Chinese reconstructions, as emended by Li Fang-kuei, are widely cited as points of reference for historical forms of Chinese as well as dialects. This emended Middle Chinese is also supplied by Schuessler. Another important addition to Karlgren’s work is an intermediate layer midway between the Old and Middle Chinese periods known as "Later Han Chinese" (ca. second century A.D.) The additional layer makes this volume a useful resource for those working on Han sources, especially poetry. This book is intended as a "companion" to the original Grammata Serica Recensa and therefore does not repeat other information provided there. Matters such as English glosses and references to the earliest occurrence of a graph can be looked up in Grammata Serica Recensa itself or in other relevant dictionaries. The great accomplishment of this companion volume is to update an essential reference and thereby fulfill the need for an accessible and user-friendly source for citing the various historically reconstructed stages of Chinese.

    eISBN: 978-0-8248-6362-3
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
    (pp. xv-xviii)
    (pp. xix-xx)
    (pp. xxi-xxiv)
    (pp. 1-44)

    The Chinese language has a long documented history that started with the writing on the Shang Dynasty oracle bones around 1250 BC. The most important pre-modern stages of the language are Old Chinese (ca. 1000 to 200 BC) and Middle Chinese (around AD 600). This ‘Companion toGrammata Serica Recensa’ (‘Grammata Serica Companion’, orGSCfor short) is concerned with Old Chinese, but cites the conventional Middle Chinese forms, and adds an intermediate layer of Later (Eastern) Han Chinese (ca. 1st cent. AD). Later Han Chinese (LH, LHan) was intended to represent a hypothetical conservative strain of the period; it...

  9. 1 OCM rime *-a Yú bù 魚部
    (pp. 45-63)
  10. 2 OCM rime *-ak Duó bù 鐸部
    (pp. 64-74)
  11. 3 OEM rime *-ag Yáng bù 陽部
    (pp. 75-90)
  12. 4 OCM rime *-a Zhī bù 之部
    (pp. 91-106)
  13. 5 OCM rime *-ak Zhí bù 職部
    (pp. 107-113)
  14. 6 OCM rime *-ә ŋ Zhēng bù 藥部
    (pp. 114-118)
  15. 7 OCM rime *-e Zhī bù 支部
    (pp. 119-128)
  16. 8 OCM rime *-ek Xī bù 錫部
    (pp. 129-134)
  17. 9 OCM rime *-eŋ Gēng bù 耕部
    (pp. 135-144)
  18. 10 OCM rime *-0 Hóu bù 候部
    (pp. 145-155)
  19. 11 OCM rime *-ok Wū bù 屋部
    (pp. 156-161)
  20. 12 OCM rime *-oŋ Dōng bù 東部
    (pp. 162-169)
  21. 13 OCM rime *-u Yōu bù 幽部
    (pp. 170-184)
  22. 14 OCM rime *-uk Jué bù 覺部
    (pp. 185-189)
  23. 15 OCM rime *-uŋ Dōng bù 冬部
    (pp. 190-192)
  24. 16 OCM rime *-au Xiāo bù 宵部
    (pp. 193-204)
  25. 17 OCM rime *-auk Yào bù 藥部
    (pp. 205-209)
  26. 18 OCM rime *-ai Gē bù 歌部 (1)
    (pp. 210-218)
  27. 19 OCM rime *-oi, *-wai Gē bù 歌部 (2)
    (pp. 219-224)
  28. 20 OCM rime *-et, *-ets, *-es Yuè- Jì bù 月祭部 (1)
    (pp. 225-229)
  29. 21 OCM rime *-at, *-ats, *-as Yuè- Jì bù 月祭部 (2)
    (pp. 230-238)
  30. 22 OCM rime *-ot, *-wat, *-o(t)s, *-wa(t)s Yuè- Jì bù 月祭部 (3)
    (pp. 239-243)
  31. 23 OCM rime *-en Yuán bù 元部 (1)
    (pp. 244-250)
  32. 24 OCM rime *-an Yuán bù 元部 (2)
    (pp. 251-263)
  33. 25 OCM rime *-on, *-wan Yuán bù 元部 (3)
    (pp. 264-274)
  34. 26 OCM rime *-i, *-əi Zhī bù 脂部
    (pp. 275-285)
  35. 27 OCM rime *-əi Wēi bù 微部 (1)
    (pp. 286-289)
  36. 28 OCM rime *-ui, *-wәi Wēi bù 微部 (2)
    (pp. 290-295)
  37. 29 OCM rime *-it, *-its, *-is Zhì bù 質部
    (pp. 296-304)
  38. 30 OCM rime *-ət, *-əts, *-əs Wù bù 物部 (1)
    (pp. 305-310)
  39. 31 OCM rime *-ut, *uts, *-us Wù bù 物部 (2)
    (pp. 311-315)
  40. 32 OCM rime *-in Zhēn bù 真部
    (pp. 316-324)
  41. 33 OCM rime *-әn Wén bù 文部 (1)
    (pp. 325-332)
  42. 34 OCM rime *-un, *-wan Wén bù 文部 (2)
    (pp. 333-340)
  43. 35 OCM rime *-ap, *-ep Hé bù 盍部
    (pp. 341-345)
  44. 36 OCM rime *-am, *-em Tán bù 談部
    (pp. 346-353)
  45. 37 OCM rime *-әp, *-ip Qī bú 緝部
    (pp. 354-358)
  46. 38 OCM rime *-əm, *-im Qīn bù 侵部
    (pp. 359-368)
    (pp. 369-374)
    (pp. 375-422)
  49. Back Matter
    (pp. 423-424)