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Community-Based Collaboration

Community-Based Collaboration: Bridging Socio-Ecological Research and Practice

E. Franklin Dukes
Karen E. Firehock
Juliana E. Birkhoff
Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 240
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  • Book Info
    Community-Based Collaboration
    Book Description:

    The debate over the value of community-based environmental collaboration is one that dominates current discussions of the management of public lands and other resources. InCommunity-Based Collaboration: Bridging Socio-Ecological Research and Practice,the volume's contributors offer an in-depth interdisciplinary exploration of what attracts people to this collaborative mode. The authors address the new institutional roles adopted by community-based collaborators and their interaction with existing governance institutions in order to achieve more holistic solutions to complex environmental challenges.


    Heidi L. Ballard, University of California, Davis * Juliana E. Birkhoff, RESOLVE * Charles Curtin, Antioch University * Cecilia Danks, University of Vermont * E. Franklin Dukes, University of Virginia and George Mason University * María Fernández-Giménez, Colorado State University * Karen E. Firehock, University of Virginia * Melanie Hughes McDermott, Rutgers University * William D. Leach, California State University, Sacramento * Margaret Ann Moote, private consultant * Susan L. Senecah, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry * Gregg B. Walker, Oregon State University

    eISBN: 978-0-8139-3159-3
    Subjects: Environmental Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-xii)
  4. 1 The Community-Based Collaborative Movement in the United States
    (pp. 1-18)
    Karen E. Firehock

    This chapter provides a brief description of the community-based collaborative (CBC) movement in the United States. It addresses what collaboration is, what CBCs are, why CBCs emerged in the United States, how they both solve and engender conflict, what CBCs contribute, how outcomes are measured, and what CBCs mean for environmental governance. This chapter thus sets the definitional and historical stage for later chapters in the book dealing with community knowledge, how CBCs can take an adaptive management approach, how they govern, building effective collaboratives, the theory of collaboration, and finally, the promise of collaboration and what the movement means...

  5. 2 Integrating and Applying Knowledge from Community-Based Collaboratives: Implications for Natural Resource Management
    (pp. 19-44)
    Charles G. Curtin

    This chapter discusses how community-based collaboratives (CBCs) integrate local, indigenous, and science-based approaches to gathering and using knowledge. This synthesis is exemplified by three case studies from marine and terrestrial systems in Africa and North America. The case studies underscore that collaborative approaches are more than a community development tool, representing a distinct departure from recent approaches to science and resource management.

    As other contributors to this volume observe, CBCs can contribute much to society, in spheres as diverse as environmental restoration and social justice. Viewed through the narrow lens of the natural sciences, CBCs represent an opportunity to rescale...

  6. 3 How CBCs Learn: Ecological Monitoring and Adaptive Management
    (pp. 45-80)
    María E. Fernández-Giménez and Heidi L. Ballard

    The previous chapter described how local knowledge and scientific research could play powerful roles in developing and maintaining effective community-based collaboratives (CBCs). CBCs use local knowledge to form project goals, ask meaningful questions, gather and interpret information about the surrounding ecosystem, and learn whether their management actions are having an effect. In partnership with researchers, a few CBCs have used science to test their understanding of how ecosystems work. In this chapter we examine how CBCs learn about the ecology of their region and the impacts of their activities on it through formal ecological monitoring and adaptive management, an organized...

  7. 4 Effective Collaboration: Overcoming External Obstacles
    (pp. 81-110)
    Melanie Hughes McDermott, Margaret Ann Moote and Cecilia Danks

    Community-based collaboratives (CBCs) have been lauded for their ability to bring together diverse, often conflicting interests to address intractable environmental and resource management problems collectively. At the same time, CBCs are criticized for spending years in discussion and negotiation without being able to demonstrate significant improvements in environmental conditions. Both participants in and observers of CBCs have observed that, despite years of hard work, many such efforts still fall short of achieving the desired environmental outcomes, such as improved water quality, wildlife habitat, or rangeland or forest health.

    The literature has documented well the many internal challenges collaboratives face getting...

  8. 5 Collaborative Governance: Integrating Institutions, Communities, and People
    (pp. 111-145)
    Gregg B. Walker and Susan L. Senecah

    The cases introduced in previous chapters suggest the important role communities play in place-based collaborations concerned with natural resource management and environmental policy issues. From the Coos Watershed Association (highlighted in chapter 3) to the Malpai Borderlands Group in Arizona and New Mexico (featured in chapter 2) to the Elizabeth River Project in Virginia (described in chapter 4), these cases share a common and important attribute. Each is community-driven, led by local stakeholders as individuals and as members of local organizations (or local branches of national nonprofit organizations).

    These community-based collaborative (CBC) success stories exemplify what Koontz and colleagues (2004)...

  9. 6 Building a Theory of Collaboration
    (pp. 146-188)
    William D. Leach

    This chapter develops a simple theoretical framework to synthesize many of the recurring themes of the preceding four chapters. The purpose of the framework is to help structure our knowledge about community-based collaboratives (CBCs) and to help explain why, in study after study, scholars find that certain factors play critical roles in shaping CBC outcomes. Coming on the heels of the previous chapters, many of the ideas presented here should be familiar by now. What I try to accomplish is to organize the most well-documented and theoretically supported insights on a scaffolding that makes it easier to recall and think...

  10. 7 The Promise of Community-Based Collaboration: Aagenda for an Authentic Future
    (pp. 189-216)
    E. Franklin Dukes

    This book marks a critical reflection point in a journey that began more than a decade ago with the questions posed by the Tucson gathering described in the preface: Is community-based collaboration transforming how people relate to the land and to each other? Do place-based collaborative efforts to integrate environmental resilience and economic gain promote social equity, broaden participation, and increase social capital? Do they improve local economic conditions? Do they really improve the environment? In short, does community-based collaboration have value? As with most questions of this sort, the answers the contributors to this book have offered are all...

  11. Notes on Contributors
    (pp. 217-222)
  12. Index
    (pp. 223-228)