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A New World Order

A New World Order

Anne-Marie Slaughter
Copyright Date: 2004
Pages: 368
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  • Book Info
    A New World Order
    Book Description:

    Global governance is here--but not where most people think. This book presents the far-reaching argument that not only should we have a new world order but that we already do. Anne-Marie Slaughter asks us to completely rethink how we view the political world. It's not a collection of nation states that communicate through presidents, prime ministers, foreign ministers, and the United Nations. Nor is it a clique of NGOs. It is governance through a complex global web of "government networks."

    Slaughter provides the most compelling and authoritative description to date of a world in which government officials--police investigators, financial regulators, even judges and legislators--exchange information and coordinate activity across national borders to tackle crime, terrorism, and the routine daily grind of international interactions. National and international judges and regulators can also work closely together to enforce international agreements more effectively than ever before. These networks, which can range from a group of constitutional judges exchanging opinions across borders to more established organizations such as the G8 or the International Association of Insurance Supervisors, make things happen--and they frequently make good things happen. But they are underappreciated and, worse, underused to address the challenges facing the world today.

    The modern political world, then, consists of states whose component parts are fast becoming as important as their central leadership. Slaughter not only describes these networks but also sets forth a blueprint for how they can better the world. Despite questions of democratic accountability, this new world order is not one in which some "world government" enforces global dictates. The governments we already have at home are our best hope for tackling the problems we face abroad, in a networked world order.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-2599-8
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-x)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-xiv)
    Anne-Marie Slaughter and Tuoro sul Trasimeno
  4. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. xv-xx)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. 1-35)

    Terrorists, arms dealers, money launderers, drug dealers, traffickers in women and children, and the modern pirates of intellectual property all operate through global networks.² So, increasingly, do governments. Networks of government officials—police investigators, financial regulators, even judges and legislators—increasingly exchange information and coordinate activity to combat global crime and address common problems on a global scale. These government networks are a key feature of world order in the twenty-first century, but they are underappreciated, undersupported, and underused to address the central problems of global governance.

    Consider the examples just in the wake of September 11. The Bush administration...

  6. ONE Regulators: The New Diplomats
    (pp. 36-64)

    The best evidence of the disaggregated state may be found in the logs of embassies around the world. The records from U.S. embassies, at least, show a steady procession of regulators visiting their foreign counterparts—from agencies and departments regulating financial markets, competition policy, environmental protection, agriculture, and all the other domains of the modern regulatory state.² Finances also tell the tale: foreign affairs budgets for regulatory agencies have increased dramatically across the board, even as the State Department’s budget has shrunk.³

    This disaggregation extends all the way to the top. The executive branch—“the government” in parliamentary systems—is...

  7. TWO Judges: Constructing a Global Legal System
    (pp. 65-103)

    Globalization is generally thought of in terms of corporations more than courts, global markets more than global justice. Yet judges around the world are talking to one another: exchanging opinions, meeting face to face in seminars and judicial organizations, and even negotiating with one another over the outcome of specific cases. The Federal Judicial Conference established a Committee on International Judicial Relations in 1993 to conduct a wide variety of exchanges and training programs with foreign courts. The U.S. Supreme Court has regular summits with its counterpart in the European Union, the ECJ; it has also visited the House of...

  8. THREE Legislators: Lagging Behind
    (pp. 104-130)

    Lord Wallace’s perception of a democratic deficit regarding transgovernmental activity is widely shared. Legislators are seen to be lagging behind. The voice of the people—province by province, country by country, region by region, is much softer and less likely to be heard than the voice of the regulators, the judges, the ministers and heads of state.

    One response has been a call for a global parliament.² Far more likely, and from my point of view far more desirable, would be the creation of networks of legislators to match the networks of ministers, regulators, and judges described in the last...

  9. FOUR A Disaggregated World Order
    (pp. 131-165)

    Recall Atlas and his globe at Rockefeller Center. A disaggregated world order would be a world latticed by countless government networks. In form, these networks would include both horizontal and vertical networks. In function, they would include networks for collecting and sharing information of all kinds, enforcement cooperation, technical assistance and training, as well as policy coordination and rule harmonization. In scope, they would be bilateral, plurilateral, regional, and global.

    The defining feature of government networks is that they are composed of government officials and institutions—either national to national, in horizontal networks, or national to supranational, in vertical networks....

  10. FIVE An Effective World Order
    (pp. 166-215)

    A disaggregated world order, in which national government institutions rather than unitary states are the primary actors, would be a networked world order, a globe covered by an increasingly dense lattice of horizontal and vertical government networks. Yet how exactly would these networks create and maintain world order? How, in short, can they help us solve the world’s problems?

    Recall the definition of world order put forward in the Introduction: a system of global governance that institutionalizes cooperation and contains conflict sufficiently to allow all nations and their peoples to achieve greater peace, prosperity, stewardship of the earth, and minimum...

  11. SIX A Just World Order
    (pp. 216-260)

    A search for the architects of world order is a Pogo-like quest: they are us. No hypothetical leaders or experts sit outside the world on some Archimedean platform, able to design and implement new global structures. Rather, heads of state, ministers, judges, legislators, heads of international organizations, civic and corporate leaders, professors, and pundits all make the choices and participate in the processes that design a blueprint of world order at any given moment and give it continually evolving substance.

    Chapter 4 outlined the structure of a disaggregated world order based on horizontal and vertical government networks coexisting with traditional...

  12. Conclusion
    (pp. 261-272)

    Global governance through government networks is good public policy for the world and good national foreign policy for the United States, the European Union, APEC members, and all developing countries seeking to participate in global regulatory processes and needing to strengthen their capacity for domestic governance. Even in their current form, government networks promote convergence, compliance with international agreements, and improved cooperation among nations on a wide range of regulatory and judicial issues. A world order self-consciously created out of horizontal and vertical government networks could go much further. It could create a genuine global rule of law without centralized...

  13. Notes
    (pp. 273-318)
  14. Bibliography
    (pp. 319-332)
  15. Index
    (pp. 333-341)