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Birds of Peru

Birds of Peru: Revised and Updated Edition

Thomas S. Schulenberg
Douglas F. Stotz
Daniel F. Lane
John P. O’Neill
Theodore A. Parker
Foreword by Antonio Brack Egg
Dale Dyer
Daniel F. Lane
Lawrence B. McQueen
John P. O’Neill
N. John Schmitt
Copyright Date: 2007
Pages: 664
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  • Book Info
    Birds of Peru
    Book Description:

    Birds of Peruis the most complete and authoritative field guide to this diverse, neotropical landscape. It features every one of Peru's 1,817 bird species and shows the distinct plumages of each in 307 superb, high-quality color plates. Concise descriptions and color distribution maps are located opposite the plates, making this book much easier to use in the field than standard neotropical field guides. This fully revised paperback edition includes twenty-five additional species.

    A comprehensive guide to all 1,817 species found in Peru--one fifth of the world's birds--with subspecies, sexes, age classes, and morphs fully illustratedDesigned especially for field use, with vivid descriptive information and helpful identification tips opposite color platesDetailed species accounts, including a full-color distribution mapIncludes 25 additional species not covered in the first editionFeatures 3 entirely new plates and more than 25 additional illustrations

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-3449-5
    Subjects: Zoology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-5)
    (pp. 6-6)
    Dr. Antonio Brack Egg

    After an arduous effort of 45 years of study,Birds of Peruis being published. This book had its beginnings in fieldwork initiated by John P. O’Neill in 1961, during which time he and his colleagues conducted ornithological explorations and collected bird specimens in some of the remotest parts of Peru. When O’Neill began his work in Peru there were only 1,542 species known from the country; today, the number exceeds 1,800.

    I first met John O’Neill in 1974 when I held the post of subdirector of Fauna Silvestre in the Ministry of Agriculture. Many times we talked about unexplored...

    (pp. 7-7)
    (pp. 8-11)
    (pp. 12-12)

    Peru is one of the richest countries in the world for birds, with 1,800 species. This book is a guide to the field identification of all birds recorded in Peru and in offshore waters within 200 nautical miles of the Peruvian coast.

    A field guide can take many forms. We have endeavored to “stick to the basics” and include only information directly relevant to identification. Our intention was to produce a guide that was complete and accurate, yet sufficiently small and portable to be carried close at hand during long days afield. Consequently we have had to jettison, often with...

    (pp. 12-18)

    For each species, we present color figures, species accounts, and with few exceptions a distribution map. We include brief introductions to many (but not all) families, and to some genera or species groups. We use these short accounts to introduce species-rich families, or to summarize information that is similar across a group of related species. It often may be helpful to peruse this material, when present, as an aid to field identification.

    Each species account begins with English and scientific names of the species. A name is enclosed in brackets ([ ]) if the species is known in Peru only...

    (pp. 18-20)

    The topography of Peru is very complex, resulting in a delightful variety of habitats and bird species (fig. 4). A dominant feature of Peru is the Andean cordillera, which runs north/south down the length of country. The Andes interrupt the westward flow of air across the Amazon Basin of South America. As a result the east-facing slopes of the Andes, and Amazonian lowlands to the east, are very humid. Typically the Amazon Basin and the humid forests of the east slopes of the Andes are covered in humid evergreen forest, rich in species. Local soil differences, perhaps coupled with a...

    (pp. 20-22)

    More detailed descriptions of bird habitats can be found elsewhere. Many of our habitat descriptions are based on Stotz et al. (1996); habitat names presented here in italics correspond to terms used by that source.

    FOREST As used here, “forest” refers to humid lowland forests, including bothtropical lowland evergreen forestsandflooded tropical evergreen forests. Most of the Amazon Basin is covered by these two tropical evergreen forests. These forests typically are tall (25–40 m, with scattered emergents that can reach 50–60 m). Forests may be found on upland terraces that never flood (terra firme) or occupy...

    (pp. 22-25)
    (pp. 26-26)

    Birds undergo a series of molts throughout their lives. In most species all feathers are replaced once a year; in many species, there also is a second, incomplete molt in which part of the plumage (typically that of the body) is replaced again. Consequently, in many species there is a period (immediately following a complete molt) when all feathers of the body are fresh; feathers in fresh condition typically are at their brightest colors and are more intact, and the plumage overall will look “even.” Note that because, in many species, some feathers may be molted twice a year (body)...

    (pp. 27-27)

    Knowledge of the distribution and seasonal occurrence of seabirds in Peru is very incomplete. A number of species not yet reported from Peru, most of which are not discussed in this volume, may well occur, especially far at sea near the limits of Peru’s territorial waters. Be aware that the identification of many seabirds is difficult, due both to the nature of seabird plumages (typically dull in color, with relatively few strong identifying features) and to the challenging nature of seabird observation (the birds often are distant and obscured by waves, and, if they are viewed from a boat, the...

    (pp. 27-29)

    Humans and birds have coexisted in Peru, the site of several great pre-Columbian civilizations, for millennia; throughout that time humans have been modifying the landscape to better suit their needs. In modern times, however, the natural habitats of Peru, and the birds and other species that depend upon them, face unprecedented levels of threat.

    These threats primarily stem from habitat destruction, but direct persecution also poses grave risks to some species. Habitat destruction is driven not only by expanding urbanization and agriculture, such as that along rivers in the lowlands and along roads throughout Peru, but also by extractive industries...

  14. Species Accounts
    (pp. 30-643)
    (pp. 644-644)
    (pp. 645-645)
    (pp. 646-646)
  18. INDEX
    (pp. 647-664)