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Spatial Orientation

Spatial Orientation: The Spatial Control of Behavior in Animals and Man

Copyright Date: 1984
Pages: 372
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  • Book Info
    Spatial Orientation
    Book Description:

    This major study of animal orientation in space launches the Princeton Series in Neurobiology and Behavior. Bringing together for the first time the important work done on spatial orientation over the past twenty-five years, and reviewing research up to and including recent attempts to apply the methods of cybernetics, Hermann Schone discusses the most significant concepts in the control of position and movement in space.

    Originally published in 1984.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5684-8
    Subjects: Psychology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-xii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
    Hermann Schöne
  4. Key to Symbols
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. xvii-2)

    Insects fly into a flame, birds beat their wings at lighthouse windows, fish are drawn to the glare of fishing lanterns—eye-catching behavior, seemingly pointless, even dangerous for the animals. Why do they do it? The old question “why” crops up whenever we are faced with something new and puzzling.

    But this curiosity may have different roots. When one person asks why, he may be asking what the behavior is for. What purpose is served when an animal seeks out the light? Another person means something else when he asks why. He is not concerned with the purpose but wants...

  6. 1. Orientation: Its Meaning and Scope
    (pp. 3-16)

    Colloquially, to “orient oneself” means to acquaint oneself with a situation. Orientation commonly refers to an adjustment to the spatial aspects of a situation, i.e., spatial orientation. This is reflected in its etymological derivation. The wordorientationstems from the Latin verboriri, which means “to arise from” or “to originate in.” The wordoriens, which originally referred to the daily rising of the sun, came to be used for the direction of its rising—the east—and finally for the lands that lay at that compass point, “the East” or the “Orient.”

    Opinion has differed over the years about...

  7. 2. Physiology of Orientation
    (pp. 17-148)

    Physiology, the study of structure and function in living organisms, is concerned with the way living systems work. Each organizational level of physiology can be seen as a network of interactions governed by certain basic principles. At the lower levels such as membrane, cell, and organ physiology, these interactions take place chiefly within the organism. External influences take on an increased importance at the higher levels. The effect of environmental factors on an organism and the reciprocal effect of the organism on its environment are fundamental processes of behavior. Behavioral physiology is concerned with the way these processes intermesh.


  8. 3. Particulars of the Sensory Modalities
    (pp. 149-299)

    The differences between the senses depend on the physicochemical properties of the stimulus. In the evolution of organisms these properties have contributed to the development and formation of special receptor mechanisms, the sense organs.

    The sensory modalities are categorized according to the stimulus: light, heat, electrical and magnetic fields, chemicals, sound, gravity, vibration, movement of currents, and touch. The last five are combined under the general heading of mechanoreception. This chapter discusses the most important physical properties of the stimulus for each modality, as well as the morphology and physiology of the sense organs involved. However, not every orientation refers...

  9. References
    (pp. 300-340)
  10. Index
    (pp. 341-347)
  11. Back Matter
    (pp. 348-348)