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The Politics of Regional Policy in Japan

The Politics of Regional Policy in Japan: Localities Incorporated?

RICHARD J. SAMUELS
Copyright Date: 1983
Pages: 320
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zv4fc
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  • Book Info
    The Politics of Regional Policy in Japan
    Book Description:

    This is the first major study of politics and public administration in Japan to balance the prevailing view of the regional policy process from above" with a view "from below." Developing a comparative framework for understanding the place of localities in policy making, he demonstrates that relations among localities in Japan are much more important than previously supposed

    Originally published in 1983.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5679-4
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  6. PREFACE
    (pp. xvii-xxvi)
  7. PART I INTRODUCTION

    • CHAPTER ONE Extralocal Linkages and the Comparative Study of Local Politics and Policy
      (pp. 3-34)

      This chapter is designed to make explicit and to provide an analytical scheme for ordering the wide variety of linkages that integrate the social, political, administrative, and economic environments of localities, regions, and nations. Although recognition of the permeability of subsystem boundaries is now a sine qua non of local and regional policy studies, no satisfactory empirically-based theoretical model has yet been developed to guide research into local–nonlocal interdependence and the policy process. Walsh made the first tentative explorations in this area, but except where noted, most other research has proceeded without theoretical guidance.¹

      This is perhaps due to...

  8. PART II INTERGOVERNMENTAL LINKAGES IN JAPANESE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    • CHAPTER TWO The View from Above: Legal-Formal Intergovernmental Linkages
      (pp. 37-82)

      There are, broadly speaking, three ways in which the central government directs the implementation of public policy in Japan. The center may elect to implement the policy itself through the use of its field offices (desaki kikan) outside Tokyo; it may implement the policy through public corporations, which have a quasi-authoritative character; and/or it may have the local governments implement the policy in its stead.¹

      The first route, use of central field agencies, is a strategy developed by the central ministries during the occupation in response to the impending loss of the prefecture as a formal central organ.² A limited...

    • CHAPTER THREE The View from Below: Patterns of Intergovernmental Communication
      (pp. 83-120)

      This chapter uses orginal survey data to map patterns of intergovernmental communication in Japan in order to provide a “view from below” of Japanese public administration. I found measurably significant horizontal dynamics in the local and regional policy processes, and use these data to help modify and suggest alternatives to several widely accepted theories of Japanese society and public administration. For the first time, we can speak with confidence about translocal interdependence in routine matters of Japanese public policy.

      Given the central sources of initiative even for the “horizontalization” of policy, as described in the previous chapter, one would expect...

  9. PART III INTEGRATIVE LINKAGES AND THE POLITICS OF REGIONAL POLICY

    • CHAPTER FOUR The View from Above: Regionalization Schemes
      (pp. 123-160)

      Public administration is at base neither a scientific nor a philosophic endeavor. It is a political enterprise. This is certainly no less true for its subset, regional policy-making. Indeed, given the multiplication of affected interests when a policy moves from a purely local to a regionwide context, it is probably more true. This first chapter of Part Three of this book begins the transition from a straightforward examination of extralocal linkages in Japanese public administration to a more complete appreciation of their importance in the politics of regional policy. Guided by the analytic framework developed in Chapter One, I have...

    • CHAPTER FIVE The View from Below: The Politics of Regional Policy in Tokyo Bay
      (pp. 161-238)

      Although regional policy is legitimately a national undertaking, it requires the coordination of local interests. The “view from above” in the previous chapter suggested the political costs associated with the center’s failure to apprehend fully and to placate these local interests. This chapter provides a complementary “view from below” by offering a detailed historical study of the regional policy process in Japan treating the localities as the constituents of that process. The coalition behavior of localities and their relationships with extralocal actors and institutions affords us an excellent laboratory for analysis of the interaction of the horizontal and vertical extralocal...

  10. PART IV CONCLUSIONS

    • CHAPTER SIX Public Policy, the Periphery, and Comparative Politics
      (pp. 241-260)

      Several hundred pages ago, in the first chapter, I presented two separate classificatory schemes. The first emerged from my examination of the cross-national literature on local politics and was designed as a comparative guide to the exploration of extralocal linkages in the policy process. This typology (Table 1-1) framed the questions asked in this study. The second, more a list than a typology, emerged from the answers to these questions in the Japanese case, and was offered at the beginning of the study as a roadmap for the reader. Focusing on the horizontal dimension posited in the first scheme, my...

  11. APPENDICES
    (pp. 261-282)
  12. INDEX
    (pp. 283-290)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 291-291)