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Kibbutz Community and Nation Building

Kibbutz Community and Nation Building

Copyright Date: 1981
Pages: 324
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  • Book Info
    Kibbutz Community and Nation Building
    Book Description:

    Focusing on the evolution of one border kibbutz from 1938 to the present, Paula Rayman explores the dynamics between internal community organization and external national and international forces.

    Originally published in 1982.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5658-9
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Figures and Maps
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xiii-2)
  6. INTRODUCTION Setting the Stage
    (pp. 3-28)

    In the midst of current events, it is easy to become discouraged about the possibility for a communal model to produce and sustain democratic socialism. History has recorded an extensive catalogue of the extensive failure of small-scale communal ventures. But attempts to institute socialism on a larger, state scale have too often resulted in authoritarian forms of social control. The powerful forces of elitism, nationalism, and capitalism pose overwhelming odds against the emergence of genuine alternatives.

    Yet, certain societies and communal experiments continue to offer the promise of new modes of social organization and social consciousness. The Israeli kibbutz has...

  7. CHAPTER ONE The First Years
    (pp. 29-82)

    When travelling to Kibbutz Har, one realizes it is an outpost. The kibbutz is marked by its distance from the nation’s city centers and its position atop a rocky mountain range that straddles the northern Israeli-Lebanese border near the Mediterranean Sea in the Western Galilee. Haifa, a city of 250,000, is 50 kilometers away. Nahariya, a resort town 12 kilometers away, has a population of 35,000.

    The sense of geographic separation and self-containment is furthered by the winding, steep road bringing travellers from the main roadway to Har and the difficulty of reaching it by public transportation. The only efficient...

  8. CHAPTER TWO The Transition Period
    (pp. 83-144)

    The establishment of Israel in 1948 marked the end of the kibbutz’s role as part of a military vanguard and the beginning of its role as an important economic unit for the state. From 1948-1967, Har’s internal organization underwent a transition from an agrarian to an industrial producer, from a subsistence economy toward affluence, from communality to instrumentality, from homogeneity to generational and cultural differentiation. Incongruities between communal egalitarian norms and the demands of national policies stressing modernization became sharper. The responses by the community to these demands determined future development.

    Har’s push to meet the requirements of the new...

  9. CHAPTER THREE The Regional Cooperative Organizations
    (pp. 145-191)

    Since 1948, Har has become increasingly engaged in regional cooperative activities that are both economic and service oriented. The pattern of vertical linkage to the national institutions such as the kibbutz movement federation and the Histadrut enterprises had been established in the Mandate years when the military-political factor caused kibbutz settlements to be scattered and isolated from each other. After the foundation of the state, Har’s military function lessened and economic developments became more prominent. Regional cooperation among kibbutz settlements began to be formed to overcome the economic constraints facing each of the separate communities.

    Agricultural expansion was limited by...

  10. CHAPTER FOUR The Recent Years
    (pp. 192-249)

    For Kibbutz Har the years since 1967 have marked a period characterized by strong social reaction to two major Israeli-Arab wars, an increase in military tension along the Lebanese border, and the further development of its industrial economy. The community faced the challenge of adapting to the changing political and economic conditions while maintaining a viable internal social organization. Its response to these challenges largely depended upon the community’s ongoing relationships to regional, national, and international institutions.

    The specific problems the kibbutz struggled with during the period reflected cultural changes in the general Israeli society and the difficulties of maintaining...

  11. CHAPTER FIVE From Utopia toward Modernization
    (pp. 250-272)

    We live today in a world where the need for constructive utopian vision is acute. A utopian vision indicates possibilities for a different mode of life, for different norms of interpersonal relations and of human organization than prevailing societies permit. The institutions that frame the lives of the majority of the world’s populations continue older patterns of domination and reproduce forms of repression.

    As a critical survey of capitalist social structure brings forth increasing images of crisis and decline, the models offered by the Soviet Union and other state-socialist countries do not provide the basis for great hope. The lack...

  12. APPENDIX ONE Official Exchange Rates for the Palestinian and Israeli Lira in Terms of United States Currency
    (pp. 273-273)
  13. APPENDIX TWO Poems and Songs of Har
    (pp. 274-276)
  14. Glossary
    (pp. 277-280)
  15. Bibliography
    (pp. 281-294)
  16. Index
    (pp. 295-308)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 309-309)