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Morgantina Studies, Volume I

Morgantina Studies, Volume I: The Terracottas

Copyright Date: 1981
Pages: 450
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  • Book Info
    Morgantina Studies, Volume I
    Book Description:

    The author considers the Morgantina terracottas as representatives of one of the liveliest traditions of the Greek minor arts, and thus he examines questions of stylistic development and influence, workshop traditions, and technique.

    Originally published in 1982.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5324-3
    Subjects: Archaeology, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Plates
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Text Figures
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Editor’s Foreword
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
    Richard Stillwell

    After so many years of fieldwork, this first volume begins the definitive publication of the Morgantina excavations in a series to be calledMorgantina Studies.The series title has been chosen to indicate that the classic format of dedicating a separate volume to a specific topic has been abandoned in favor of publishing both monographs and combined short studies in the order received by the editors to avoid delays.

    The excavations were carried on from 1955 to 1963 and 1966 to 1967 by the Princeton University Archaeological Expedition to Sicily under the joint directorship of Professors Erik Sjöqvist and Richard...

  6. Preface
    (pp. xvii-xx)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxi-2)
  8. Introduction and Historical Sketch
    (pp. 3-8)

    More than two thousand terracottas have come to light since the Princeton excavations began at Morgantina in 1955. In addition to the excavated finds there is a substantial collection of Morgantina pieces in the National Museum at Syracuse, and a much smaller one at Palermo, both made up of gifts and purchases from local landowners. The catalogue that is the nucleus of the present work documents 1,331 terracottas in 958 entries. Included are all of the pieces in Palermo and most of those in Syracuse.¹ A more rigorous selection has been made of the excavated finds, many of which are...

  9. I Archaic and Early-Classical Terracottas
    (pp. 9-21)

    Only about seventy-five of the terracottas found at Morgantina can be assigned to the first phase of the city’s existence. Sixty-seven of these, consisting of representative Sikeliote types and a handful of imports from the Aegean, have been included in the catalogue. Our perspective on the early terracottas of Morgantina depends on this scanty group of finds from houses and tombs, and it may well be distorted. The fullest picture of terracotta production at an archaic site has usually been provided by votive deposits found in chthonian sanctuaries, composed of a great variety of offerings—standing and seated goddesses, protomes,...

  10. II Late-Classical Terracottas
    (pp. 22-40)

    The excavations of the past twenty-five years in southern and eastern Sicily have at least doubled the number of fourth-century terracottas available for study, and many of the new finds come from dated contexts. Much of this material has been published, either in preliminary reports or in several useful studies of individual sites.¹ For the first time a synthetic view of late classical terracottas in Sicily seems feasible. Previously known pieces can now be assigned to types and groups, within a chronological frame that though still imperfect seems at least relatively secure. The contemporary finds from Morgantina fit into this...

  11. III Early-Hellenistic Terracottas
    (pp. 41-73)

    The reign of Agathokles (317-289) was a watershed for the arts in Sicily, just as it was for politics. The change from a conservative late-classical style to the new modes of the early-Hellenistic period came very quickly, within the space of a decade, and it coincided with the replacement of democratic government by the new monarchy. It is clearly perceptible in the coins that Agathokles issued between 310 and 300. The severe, classicizing tetradrachm of ca. 310 (pl. 150, fig. 25) is followed shortly by the issue with the reverse of a standing Nike (pl. 150, fig. 26); the head...

  12. IV Late-Hellenistic Terracottas
    (pp. 74-80)

    Except at Kentoripa, the evidence for late-Hellenistic terracottas in Sicily is quite scanty. The Syracusan workshops do not appear to have survived the third century and must have been victims of the sack of 212. The smaller shops that depended on Syracuse for molds or inspiration had to look elsewhere—if indeed they survived. The situation at Morgantina seems typical of most eastern sites. The end of the third century demarcates a great change in both quantity and quality. The finds that can be dated to the second century show a significant restriction in the range of types and in...

  13. V The Votive Terracottas
    (pp. 81-112)

    Six deposits of terracottas associated with sanctuaries have been found at Morgantina since 1955, and a group of pieces in Syracuse probably makes up a seventh.¹ These deposits are linked to one another by a network of shared types and mold series, as is evident in a comparison of the deposits’ contents; these are recorded in the Context Lists. Most of the major types and subjects appear in each deposit, and there is no major type that appears in only one deposit. If the different groups of contemporary votive terracottas are then so similar, it would appear that the sanctuaries...

  14. Catalogue of the Terracottas

    • Introduction
      (pp. 115-122)

      Several thousand terracottas have been found at the site of Morgantina, and of these 1,331 are included or mentioned in the catalogue. The main criterion for inclusion has been condition; the omitted pieces are almost all small fragments, many with unrecognizable subjects. Of the archaic terracottas the only significant omission is a group of ten protomes very similar to 32ff. Of the later terracottas, the major omissions are two dozen miniature busts of the type of 126ff., mostly in poor condition; approximately one hundred female heads, many in poor condition and similar to those included in the catalogue (484-677); and...

    • Archaic and Early-Classical Terracottas (1-55)
      (pp. 123-131)

      1.Standing goddess. PI. 3

      59-1680. III B. PH. 18. 5. Legs and most of back missing. Buff clay, surface worn.

      Wears chiton and transverse himation; left arm lowered, hand grasping chiton; right hand at breast holding flower. Broad face with large features, unarticulated eyes and prominent ears. Low band at forehead indicates veil or fillet. Ad vanced generation.

      The torso retains the slender proportions of the Ionian model; the head is, however, Sikeliote (cf. 19). Second half of sixth century, probably third quarter for the archetype. P. 16f. PR IV, 135, pl. 30, fig. 45. Cf. Higgins,BM TC...

    • Late-Classical and Hellenistic Terracottas (56-958)
      (pp. 132-237)

      56.Standing Persephone.Pls. 13, 14 5 7 -806. N.S. 5. H. 62.0. Mended; left arm, fingers of right hand, and other small pieces missing. Hard greenish buff clay with pink core; white slip. Three vents, at back of head, shoulders, and knees.

      Stands with left arm raised in plane of body, right arm extended. Chiton has high V-neckline; himation leaves right arm free, falling across raised left arm in long vertical folds. Weight is on right leg. Hair center-parted, swept back at temples; surface worked extensively with tool. Two freely modeled braided locks fall to shoulders. Oval face with...

  15. List of Contexts
    (pp. 238-260)
  16. Concordance
    (pp. 261-262)
  17. Index
    (pp. 263-266)
  18. PLATES
    (pp. 267-420)
  19. Back Matter
    (pp. 421-421)