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Internal Migration During Modernization in Late Nineteenth-Century Russia

Internal Migration During Modernization in Late Nineteenth-Century Russia

Barbara A. Anderson
Copyright Date: 1980
Pages: 248
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  • Book Info
    Internal Migration During Modernization in Late Nineteenth-Century Russia
    Book Description:

    To understand why people migrate during periods of modernization, Barbara Anderson contends that one must study the place of origin, since the persons at the origin are the potential migrant population. Using data from the 1897 Imperial Russian Census, the author examines two types of migration: that to an already settled, relatively modern area, such as the major cities; and that to a sparsely populated, relatively traditional area, such as the agricultural frontier.

    Originally published in 1980.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5312-0
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-x)
    (pp. xi-xvi)
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
    (pp. xix-xxii)
    (pp. xxiii-2)
  7. CHAPTER 1 Introduction
    (pp. 3-22)

    Many researchers have contended that internal migration during a country’s period of industrialization is primarily a response to better opportunities at the destination when these opportunities are compared to those at the origin of migration. This study contends that a person’s attitudes may be just as important and often are more important in determining his migration status and choice of destination. In a society where modern attitudes such as willingness to work in industry and to move to unfamiliar places are not distributed uniformly, persons with more modern attitudes may be more willing to migrate than others, even though persons...

  8. CHAPTER 2 Russia as a Modernizing Society at the End of the Nineteenth Century
    (pp. 23-68)

    The previous chapter discussed the characteristics of a modernizing society. This chapter presents evidence which demonstrates that late nineteenth-century European Russia was a modernizing society and thus is an appropriate case for investigation of the proposed model. In addition, this chapter also provides a background for understanding the major explanatory variables and the particular destinations studied.

    There are several traditionally important areas and cities in Russian society whose locations are shown on Map 2.1. Since these areas and cities are discussed throughout this research, it will be helpful to the reader if he keeps their locations in mind. On all...

  9. CHAPTER 3 Out-Migration from the Province of Birth
    (pp. 69-89)

    Examination of out-migration can yield some insight into the changing nature of European Russian society as well as provide the general background against which migration to more specific destinations can be considered. Since the set of possible destinations is very diverse, and since provinces will differ in the proportion of out-migrants who choose various destinations, the explanation of general out-migration is not expected to be as clear as may be the case for migration to more specific destinations. However, examination of general out-migration can indicate whether the model proposed is generally correct.

    This chapter considers migration out of a European...

  10. CHAPTER 4 Migration to Modern Urban Centers: Moscow and St. Petersburg Cities
    (pp. 90-120)

    Moscow and St. Petersburg cities were the most culturally and industrially modern locales in European Russia in 1897. Table 2.8 shows that they had a higher proportion of each sex in fairly modern occupations than any other detailed destination. Thus they will be used as the prime examples of modern destinations in this study.

    It is not surprising that there was a high rate of participation in wage work in Moscow and St. Petersburg compared to the other destinations considered, since a fairly high rate would be expected simply because they were cities. However, the high incidence of participation in...

  11. CHAPTER 5 Migration to an Agricultural Frontier: Asiatic Russia
    (pp. 121-153)

    Asiatic Russia, the major agricultural frontier destination considered in this study, consisted of Siberia and Central Asia and did not include the Caucasus. Others have compared its settlement with the settlement of the American West, Canada, and the more remote parts of Australia (Demko 1969: 3-5; Treadgold 1957: 3-8). Migration to Asiatic Russia was a direct extension of the longterm eastward movement of the frontier of settlement in Russia. In the early fifteenth century, Russians reached the Ural Mountains (Mavor 1914: II, 211). By the mid-nineteenth century, previously sparsely settled land in the Urals and in southeastern European Russia was...

  12. CHAPTER 6 Migration to Destinations of Intermediate Modernity
    (pp. 154-166)

    This chapter considers migration to destinations whose modernity is intermediate between that of the great cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg and the agricultural frontier in Asiatic Russia. The destinations considered are the provinces with intensive mining activity in the Urals and the Donbass and the provinces of European Russia excluding Moscow and St. Petersburg cities and the provinces in the Urals and Donbass just referred to. These remaining European Russian provinces are considered together as a group.¹

    These two groups of provinces, the mining provinces, and the remainder of European Russia were intermediate in modernity both culturally and industrially...

  13. CHAPTER 7 Modern Destinations in the Pale: Migration to Odessa and Kiev
    (pp. 167-177)

    Odessa was the third largest city in European Russia in 1897, and Kiev was the fifth largest. Chapter 4 demonstrated that Odessa differed considerably from the two larger European Russian cities in the structure of the labor force for each sex. In the course of this research, determinants of migration to Odessa were investigated. The original purpose of the investigation was to determine how similar the migration pattern to Odessa was to the migration pattern to Moscow or St. Petersburg. It was expected that the migration pattern to a city would not simply be determined by the size of the...

  14. CHAPTER 8 Conclusions: Comparison of Migration Patterns to Detailed Destinations
    (pp. 178-194)

    In Chapters 4 through 6, migration patterns to various destinations in the Russian Empire were examined. Some of the results in those chapters are interesting in themselves. However, other results are only meaningful in comparison with the results of the analysis of migration to other destinations. In this chapter, the results of the analysis of migration patterns to various destinations are compared. Also, the performance of this study’s migration model is evaluated by summarizing the extent of confirmation or refutation of the hypotheses stated in Chapter 1.

    The detailed destinations considered in this study can be ranked in order of...

  15. APPENDIX Key to Map A.1 and Table A.1
    (pp. 195-206)
    (pp. 207-216)
  17. INDEX
    (pp. 217-222)
  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 223-223)