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Men Who Migrate, Women Who Wait

Men Who Migrate, Women Who Wait: Population and History in a Portuguese Parish

Caroline B. Brettell
Copyright Date: 1986
Pages: 354
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  • Book Info
    Men Who Migrate, Women Who Wait
    Book Description:

    The author examines not only the imbalance in the marital fortunes of men and women but its effect on the roles of women in the community.

    Originally published in 1987.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5822-4
    Subjects: Population Studies, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Figures and Map
    (pp. xi-xii)
    (pp. xiii-1)
  6. [Map]
    (pp. 2-2)
    (pp. 3-13)

    During the past decade or two, there have been significant attempts within the scholarly community to cross the frontiers between disciplines, to share methodologies and theoretical insights and, in the process, to raise new questions and create entirely new avenues of exploration. One of the most fruitful interchanges is that which has occurred between the disciplines of history and anthropology (Kertzer 1984a). On one level, the exchange has been both substantive and specific. As Stone (1982) notes, anthropologists have been asking questions about kinship structures, residence rules, marriage, and inheritance customs since the founding of their discipline, questions that are...

  8. CHAPTER ONE The Parish of Lanheses: Demography, Economy, Social Structure, and Religion
    (pp. 14-69)

    The village of Lanheses is situated along the Lima River in the concelho of Viana do Castelo in the northwestern province of Minho. It is approximately fourteen kilometers from the coast, and midway between the provincial towns of Viana do Castelo and Ponte de Lima. Although the Lima River is one of several rivers that cut through the north of Portugal, flowing from the mountains in the interior toward the sea, it has inspired many Portuguese poets, and is thought by some to be the mythological River Lethe referred to by the Greek geographer and historian Strabo. According to Augusto...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Emigration and Return Migration in Portuguese History
    (pp. 70-97)

    In the summer of 1889, Maria Josefa de Castro married Francisco José Rodrigues. He was twenty-seven and she was twenty-six, and they both worked as jornaleiros. After their marriage, they established an independent household adjacent to Maria Josefa’s paternal home. During their married life, they produced seven children, all but one of whom grew up and married in the parish. Francisco José had emigrated to Spain as a young boy, the first time when he was only eleven years old to accompany his father. After his marriage, he continued to emigrate because the family was large and they had little...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Family and Household: Nuptiality in Lanheses
    (pp. 98-165)

    In June of 1882, with a dispensation, Maria Alves da Costa married a second cousin, Manuel Martins. She was thirty-two, the older of two children born to José Correia and Ana Maria da Costa. Her groom was forty-four, the second of eight children (six of whom lived) born to Manuel Martins and Maria Franca. Maria and Manuel were both marrying for the first time, and after their marriage they lived with Maria’s widowed mother. During the next decade, they had three children of their own, two of whom (a son and a daughter) survived childhood. Their son, born in 1887,...

  11. [Illustrations]
    (pp. None)
  12. CHAPTER FOUR Having Children: Fertility in Lanheses
    (pp. 166-209)

    Within the context of western Europe, the history of Portuguese fertility is at once familiar and unique. Although a downward turn has occurred, it came rather late—after 1920, and especially after 1930; that is, more than a century after historical demographers have pinpointed the decline in France, close to a half a century behind the decline in other parts of northern Europe (Germany, England), and a decade or two after Spain and Italy. In addition to the lateness of the so-called demographic transition, Portugal also demonstrates strong regional differences in the decline in fertility. Granted, such regional differences have...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Children Out of Wedlock: Illegitimacy in Lanheses
    (pp. 210-262)

    In his bookThe Making of the Modern Family(1975), the historian Edward Shorter speaks of two sexual revolutions. One comprises, of course, the post-World War Two changes in sexual mores that have given us, among other things, significant rates of out-of-wedlock births. The other is a sexual revolution that occurred between the mid-eighteenth and the mid-nineteenth centuries, and that was also marked by a dramatic increase in the rate of illegitimacy in western Europe from rates that had been between 1 and 4 percent in previous centuries. The interim period between these two revolutions (roughly 1880 to 1940) was...

    (pp. 263-268)

    Cultural anthropology is a discipline that focuses on the minutiae of daily life and on the way in which people layer their experiences with meaning. In one sense, emigration, and especially “emigration to return” can be viewed in the Portuguese context as an ideology that defines or gives meaning to experience. Although emigration to return is not unknown in other areas of southern Europe, it is particularly strong in Portugal, where it is expressed through the deeply cultural sentiment ofsaudade. Saudade roughly translates as nostalgia or yearning—nostalgia or yearning for the homeland, and particularly for the village where...

  15. APPENDIX ONE. Sources: The Parish Registers and Other Documents
    (pp. 269-276)
  16. APPENDIX TWO. Recognition Which the Inhabitants of This Village Made of Their Practices and Customs 10 November, 1779
    (pp. 277-278)
  17. NOTES
    (pp. 279-298)
    (pp. 299-320)
  19. INDEX
    (pp. 321-329)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 330-330)