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Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal--Nonelite Groups Without Shrines

Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal--Nonelite Groups Without Shrines: Tikal Report 20A

William A. Haviland
William A. Haviland
Christopher Jones
Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 720
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  • Book Info
    Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal--Nonelite Groups Without Shrines
    Book Description:

    Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal-Nonelite Groups Without Shrinesis a two-volume presentation of the excavations carried out in and near small residential structures at Tikal, Guatemala, beginning in 1961. These reports show that Tikal was more than a ceremonial center; in addition to its numerous temples, the great Maya city was home to a large population of people. These volumes look at the residential structures themselves as well as domestic artifacts such as burials, ceramic test pits, chultuns.

    Tikal Report 20A is a descriptive presentation of the excavation data and includes nearly two hundred illustrations. Together with Tikal Report 20B, which reviews and interprets this data, this report augments the data presented in Tikal Reports 19 and 21.

    eISBN: 978-1-934536-71-1
    Subjects: Archaeology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-v)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vi-x)
    (pp. xi-xix)
    (pp. xx-xxiv)
  5. I Introduction
    (pp. 1-5)

    This is the second of three accounts of excavation in small, presumably residential structures of Tikal. As such, it constitutes a sequel to TR. 19, which details work done in Gp. 4F-1 and 2. Those were the first two small-structure groups excavated at Tikal, and much of the discussion here builds on data presented in TR. 19. Hence, the reader of this report will find it helpful to be familiar with the preceding one. Further background to small-structure excavations at Tikal is given in TR. 12 (pp. 26–32).

    This report is concerned with the following six questions:

    1. How typical...

  6. II Excavations
    (pp. 6-376)

    The small-structure groups of this quadrangle are among the least investigated at Tikal. The only intensive excavations were carried out in Gp. 2B-1 (this report) and Gp. 3C-1 (TR. 21). Even these were limited in scope. Eighteen test pits were dug in five additional groups. The 231 structures mapped in this quadrangle are arranged in groups that, from inspection of the map, total about 56 in all. Therefore, the sample takes in 13% of these.

    Group 2B-1 is located on the site map (TR. 11) at 2B:S135 E337. It occupies a knoll above the 217 m contour. To the N,...

  7. III Special Deposits
    (pp. 377-416)

    Described in this section are the 47 burials and other special deposits recovered in the excavations reported here. Analysis is scheduled to follow in TR. 20B. Burials (see Table 3.1) are presented first, followed by twenty problematical deposits (see Table 3.2).

    Three definitions pertain to the discussions that follow. Byprimary burialis meant interment of a whole body soon after death. Atwo-stage burial, by contrast, is one that follows a delay allowing for some alteration of the corpse following death. At the least, some decomposition has taken place; typically, however, something such as dismemberment and/or cremation has been...

  8. Appendix: Test Pit Contents: Peripheral Squares
    (pp. 417-427)
  9. References
    (pp. 428-431)
  10. Illustrations
    (pp. None)