The following case studies present an identifiable process of advocacy and empowerment whose circularities of dialogue, learning, analysis and evaluation follow this scheme:¹
1Understanding:preliminary presentation of alternative construction of social reality ... Opening of dialogue.
2Investigation of themes:alienation, powerlessness, dependence, confusion, anxiety ... unconscious assumptions in favour of the dominant ideology.
3Action:informed participation, inter-organization negotiation or advocacy, collective struggle.
4Learning:Grasping the meaning of conflict, understanding the need for strategic engagement, learning from each other.
5Evaluation:observing consequences of action, developing selfconcept as participant and advocate.
The focus of Heyworth’s study of...