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View From Rome

View From Rome: Archbishop Stagni's 1915 Reports on the Ontario Bilingual Schools Question

Translated with an Introduction by JOHN ZUCCHI
Copyright Date: 2002
Pages: 168
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  • Book Info
    View From Rome
    Book Description:

    One of the acrimonious episodes in French-English relations in Canada resulted from the bilingual schools question in Ontario in the early part of the twentieth century; the issue reinforced the divisions within the Catholic Church between francophones and anglophones. In 1916 the Pope wrote a letter to the Canadian bishops in the hope of encouraging a peaceful settlement to this dispute. In his discussion the pope and his advisers relied heavily on the Apostolic Delegate of the Holy See to Canada, Archbishop Pellegrino Stagni, particularly on two reports Stagni had sent to Rome in 1915 on the problems regarding bilingual schools in the province and especially in the city of Ottawa.

    eISBN: 978-0-7735-7010-8
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-viii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
  3. Preface
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. xiii-l)

    On 8 September 1916, Pope Benedict XV took the unusual step of issuing a letter, in the first instance, to Louis Nazaire Cardinal Bégin, Archbishop of Quebec and unofficial Primate of Canada, and to all of Canada’s bishops and archbishops. Its contents are well known and have been published elsewhere.¹ The purpose of this communication was to bring peace to the main ethnic or linguistic groups in the Canadian Catholic Church, the so-called English or Irish Canadians and the French Canadians. The occasion for the letter, the first of two, has also been well covered by Canadian historians: the Ontario...


    • REPORT ONE: The Bilingual Schools Question in Ontario, 1915
      (pp. 3-58)
      P.F. Stagni OSM

      In conformity with the wish expressed to me by Your Eminence in your venerated letter of the 13th of September 1915, number 1188–15, I write to you on the question of bilingual schools in Ontario. This is a task that I begin with great hesitation, not only because the matter is most delicate, since it deals with race and language, but also because it is most difficult to give a precise idea of an issue which at the same time and under different appearances presents itself as constitutional, political, pedagogical, a matter of race and even a religious question....

  6. APPENDIX ONE Extract from a speech by the Hon. Senator N.A. Belcourt at the Premier Congrès de parler français held in Quebec in June 1912
    (pp. 61-65)
  7. APPENDIX TWO Speech by Mgr Bruchési; letter to Mgr Bruchési from Cardinal Bégin
    (pp. 66-69)
    L.N. Card. Bégin
    (pp. 70-71)
  9. APPENDIX FOUR Letter from Mgr William Macdonell to Archbishop Stagni; Letter from Mgr D.S. Scollard to Archbishop Stagni
    (pp. 72-75)
    D.J. Scollard
  10. APPENDIX FIVE Prayer to Joan of Arc
    (pp. 76-76)
  11. APPENDIX SIX A Pressing Appeal to Children
    (pp. 77-78)
    Alex. Grenon
  12. APPENDIX SEVEN Letter from Senator Landry to Archbishop Stagni
    (pp. 79-83)
    P. Landry
  13. APPENDIX EIGHT The School Situation in the Other Provinces of the Dominion
    (pp. 84-88)

    • The Separate Schools Question in Ottawa
      (pp. 91-106)
      P.F. Stagni

      As a complement to my report #1277A of this past 19 November, I submit to you the present one regarding the Catholic schools question in this city of Ottawa. The question of bilingual schools in Ontario is largely concentrated in Ottawa and it is here that it is made most acute by certain local conditions. The present report must therefore be written as a follow-up to the last one.

      It will be important to point out here from the very beginning that although Ottawa is the capital of the Dominion, it is nonetheless, in all provincial questions and matters and...


    • Commisso divinitus
      (pp. 109-114)

      To Our Beloved Son Louis Nazaire Bégin, Cardinal Priest of the Holy Roman Church, Archbishop of Quebec, and to the Other Archbishops and Bishops of the Dominion of Canada – Pope Benedict XV, Our Beloved Son and Venerable Brethren:

      When divisions that endanger the mutual bonds of peace and concord arise within the Church, the office divinely committed to Our care of feeding the Lord’s flock strongly urges Us to make every effort in Our power to bring them to an end. What is there indeed more harmful to Catholic interests, or more opposed to the divine precepts and to the...

  16. Notes
    (pp. 115-128)
  17. Index
    (pp. 129-132)