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Glory of Ottawa

Glory of Ottawa: Canada's First Parliament Buildings

Carolyn A. Young
Copyright Date: 1995
Pages: 216
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  • Book Info
    Glory of Ottawa
    Book Description:

    The competition to design and construct the government buildings in Ottawa, the new national capital, was one of the most important architectural events in nineteenth-century British North America and the finished buildings inspired a major movement in Canadian federal architecture. The Glory of Ottawa focuses on the 1859 design competition for the parliamentary complex, from which these unrivalled buildings emerged.

    eISBN: 978-0-7735-6496-1
    Subjects: Architecture and Architectural History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-2)
  5. INTRODUCTION: The Contemporary Scene
    (pp. 3-13)

    There is perhaps no better testimony to the Victorian application of Old World values to very different New World circumstances than the construction of an up-to-date, monumental, and metropolitan parliamentary complex “on the banks of a wild river, almost at the back of Canada” (fig.I).² In 1859 the government of the Province of Canada (a territory comprising southern parts of present-day Quebec and Ontario) challenged architects to propose designs for government buildings in the new capital of Ottawa. This competition and the construction of the parliamentary building (destroyed by fire in 1916) with its nearly detached library and two flanking...

  6. CHAPTER ONE A Demanding Contest
    (pp. 14-27)

    The Province of Canada, British North America, came into existence in February 1841 when two formerly separate colonies were united. But political union did not erase the cultural boundary between the two halves, Canada East and Canada West. The French were not absorbed into the English pattern as the planners had envisaged. Instead, the Province of Canada became a French-English duality in which representatives from each former province pursued their separate ways within a single parliament. Politicians were continually forced to make awkward compromises in order to keep government services functioning.

    Although Kingston was selected as the site for the...

  7. CHAPTER TWO Paper Architecture
    (pp. 28-68)

    An interesting treat is in preparation for the public, and no little pleasure is in store those who admire architectural art. The walls of the empty rooms, lately thronged by members and committees of the House of Assembly, in the east wing of the old Parliament Buildings, are now decorated with the various designs, submitted on the 1st of this month by the architects in competition for the premiums offered by the Provincial Government for suitable plans for public buildings at Ottawa.¹

    Of the 298 drawings and “incredible number of folios of descriptions and estimates” exhibited in six rooms of...

  8. CHAPTER THREE From Paper into Stone
    (pp. 69-124)

    The power of paper architecture is frequently greater than that of stone buildings. Unrealized designs, such as George Gilbert Scott’s suggestions for Hamburg Town Hall and a Gothic Foreign Office, could exert considerable influence, for they were disseminated throughout the British Empire and the United States in popular and professional magazines (figs. 8 and 13). When Fuller & Jones’ award-winning proposal was published in theIllustrated London News, Harper’s Weekly,theBuilder,andBuilding Newsin November and December 1859, it rapidly reached an international audience, which any number of exhibitions in Toronto and Kingston² could not have equalled for...

  9. APPENDIX ONE Notice to Architects
    (pp. 127-128)
    John Rose
  10. APPENDIX TWO Statement of Accommodation Required
    (pp. 129-129)
  11. APPENDIX THREE Alpheus Todd’s Memorandum
    (pp. 130-132)
  12. APPENDIX FOUR Excerpts from Fuller & Jones’ Parliament Buildings Competition Entry
    (pp. 133-140)
  13. APPENDIX FIVE Excerpts from Waterhouse’s Manchester Assize Courts Competition Entry
    (pp. 141-142)
  14. APPENDIX SIX Sources of Information in Tables 1 and 2
    (pp. 143-144)
  15. Notes
    (pp. 145-180)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 181-194)
  17. Index
    (pp. 195-204)