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Out of Albania

Out of Albania: From Crisis Migration to Social Inclusion in Italy

Russell King
Nicola Mai
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: NED - New edition, 1
Published by: Berghahn Books
Pages: 294
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qd5b1
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  • Book Info
    Out of Albania
    Book Description:

    Analysing the dynamics of the post-1990 Albanian migration to Italy, this book is the first major study of one of Europe's newest, most dramatic yet least understood migrations. It takes a close look at migrants' employment, housing and social exclusion in Italy, as well as the process of return migration to Albania. The research described in the book challenges the pervasive stereotype of the "bad Albanian" and, through in-depth fieldwork on Albanian communities in Italy and back in Albania, provides rich insights into the Albanian experience of migration, settlement and return in both their positive and their negative aspects.

    eISBN: 978-1-84545-864-5
    Subjects: Sociology, Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Preface and Acknowledgements
    (pp. xi-xii)
    Russell King and Nicola Mai
  6. Chapter 1 Introduction
    (pp. 1-26)

    In the Silver Jubilee volume of theInternational Migration Review,Aristide Zolberg (1989: 405) opined that, if all the world consisted of Albania on the one hand and Japan on the other, there would be no need to study international migration, for it would not exist. Two years later, the world watched agog as pictures of thousands of fleeing Albanians crammed on to creaking ships dominated the newspapers and television screens for a few days in March 1991. Later that same year, in August, similar scenes were reenacted as another exodus of Albanian ‘boat people’ bore down on the coast...

  7. Chapter 2 The Albanian Background
    (pp. 27-64)

    Too often, when immigration is studied, the host-society perspective dominates, with insufficient attention paid to the migrants’ country of origin. This chapter provides some background on the Albanian setting to the post-1990 trans-Adriatic migration flows. Of course, a full account of the history, geography, politics and culture of Albania is hardly possible in a single chapter.¹ Hence, we select those aspects of the Albanian context which are the most meaningful in understanding the driving factors behind the scale and nature of the Albanian migratory flows which are the subject of the next chapter.

    We adopt a broadly chronological approach, from...

  8. Chapter 3 Albanian Migration
    (pp. 65-100)

    Chapter 1 opened with references to the iconic status of Albanians’ seaborne flight to Italy in 1991. We pointed out that this was a partial view, and emphasised the diversity of the Albanian migratory flow to Italy that developed throughout the ensuing decade. We also noted the apocalyptic scale of the Albanian migration, estimated at between 600,000 (by the census authority INSTAT 2002) and 800,000 (by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs; see Barjaba 2000a) for the decade. Further elaborations by INSTAT (2004) revealed that the 2001 population, recorded by the census at 3.07 million, would have been 3.78...

  9. Chapter 4 From Welcome to Stigmatisation
    (pp. 101-126)

    The first major act of the recent Albanian migration to Italy was the boat-people flow of March 1991, when both the Italian quaysides and national television screens were filled to overflowing with the faces, clothes and bodies of Albanian people. Day after day, the ‘Albanian emergency’ was encamped on the front pages of all Italian newspapers (Perrone 1996a: 33). Cynically and simplistically, this could be seen as a kind of ‘media rebound’: an inversion of the flow of the Italian media’s images and narratives which had addressed Albanians in their otherwise isolated homeland throughout the previous two decades, and whose...

  10. Chapter 5 Albanian Migrant Lives
    (pp. 127-174)

    This is the first of two longer chapters which discuss the social inclusion and exclusion of Albanian migrants living in Italy. Both chapters draw extensively on ethnographic and interview material gathered during our fieldwork. Their aim will be to analyse the narratives and discourses used by Albanian migrants, their employers, and people working in key institutions and NGOs in assessing and ‘making meaning’ of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion that migrants are subject to in Italy. These dynamics will be addressed with reference to three main dimensions: work, housing and social life in general. The first two dimensions are...

  11. Chapter 6 Social Exclusion and Integration
    (pp. 175-214)

    The same ambivalences and contradictions experienced by Albanian migrants when accessing the job and housing markets were encountered in their narrated experiences of broader social inclusion and exclusion. Following once again Heckmann’s (2005) fourfold typology, whereas in the prior chapter we concentrated onstructuralintegration, here we follow the three remaining dimensions –cultural, interactiveandidentificational. This chapter will explore these widerspaces of social interaction and identificationin several realms: Albanian migrants’ relationship with Italian state institutions and associations, with fellow Albanians and with the Italian population at large. Our analysis sees these social negotiations as positioned between, on...

  12. Chapter 7 Return to Albania?
    (pp. 215-256)

    After three chapters with the migrants in Italy, in this final chapter we redirect our gaze back to Albania. We pick up a number of topics and questions signalled in the first three chapters of the book. Having examined, in Chapters 2 and 3, the background to, and evolution of, Albanian emigration to Italy and elsewhere, this chapter looks at the reverse process – the impacts of migration on Albania. This breaks down into three tangible aspects, which structure the next three sections of the chapter:

    what happens when migrants leave – the effects of emigration on the family members and communities...

  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 257-274)
  14. Index
    (pp. 275-282)