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The Politics of European Citizenship

The Politics of European Citizenship: Deepening Contradictions in Social Rights and Migration Policy

Peo Hansen
Sandy Brian Hager
Copyright Date: 2010
Edition: NED - New edition, 1
Published by: Berghahn Books
Pages: 250
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  • Book Info
    The Politics of European Citizenship
    Book Description:

    As the European Union faces the ongoing challenges of legitimacy, identity, and social cohesion, an understanding of the social purpose and direction of EU citizenship becomes increasingly vital. This book is the first of its kind to map the development of EU citizenship and its relation to various localities of EU governance. From a critical political economy perspective, the authors argue for an integrated analysis of EU citizenship, one that considers the interrelated processes of migration, economic transformation, and social change and the challenges they present.

    eISBN: 978-1-84545-991-8
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-vii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. viii-x)
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. INTRODUCTION. European Integration and the Problem of Citizenship
    (pp. 1-18)

    Popular appreciation and European integration are two phenomena that rarely seem to coincide these days. Two decades of heartbreaking referenda have clearly taken their toll; so much that parts of the EU establishment at times convey the impression of having lost confidence in the EU citizenry. As the chasm has widened, so has the stream of invectives being hurled against the unappreciative public. In the summer of 2008, after the Irish had cast their No vote to the EU’s Lisbon Treaty, it was time for this lack of confidence to resurface yet again. In fact, many EU leaders’ and pundits’...

  6. I. Theory and History of EU Citizenship

    • CHAPTER 1 Theorizing Citizenship in the EU: Towards a Critical History
      (pp. 21-37)

      The growing importance of citizenship within the EU political arena has been paralleled by a surge of academic interest in its subject matter (see e.g. Rosas and Antola 1995; Wiener 1998; Bellamy and Warleigh 2001; Bellamy, Castiglione and Shaw 2006; Maas 2007). What stands out within this wide-ranging, and ever-growing, body of literature has been the diverse range of social scientific fields, from philosophy and sociology to industrial relations and gender studies, that have grappled with the extension of EU supranational (or as some would have it “post-national”) competencies in the realm of citizenship, and the implications this has for...

    • CHAPTER 2 The Origins of EU Citizenship (1950–1980)
      (pp. 38-57)

      Although it would take until the early 1970s before any real explicit discussion concerning a European Community citizenship was to emerge (Wiener 1998: 10–11), a very tangible, what we could term, supranational citizenship regime had been set to develop from the onset of European integration in the 1950s (see Meehan 1993). Certainly, this supra- and transnational citizenship regime was rarely perceived as such at the time. That is to say, in sharp contrast to the EU citizenship’s current image and formal status, the historical citizenship regime did not constitute a freestanding policy area but was inextricably bound up with...

    • CHAPTER 3 A Citizens’ Europe for Whom? Social Citizenship, Migration, and the Neoliberal Relaunch of European Integration (1980–1995)
      (pp. 58-90)

      With the aim of breaking the deadlock of “Euro-pessimism” and resuscitating European integration, the late 1970s and early 1980s would witness a newly awakened activity at the Community level. Already in 1979 a new monetary and exchange rate cooperation, the European Monetary System, was established (by some seen as reviving the dream of a common currency for the Community), and two years later a discussion got underway concerning a felt need for reform of the Community’s institutions and decision-making procedures. In 1984 the European Parliament followed up on this and adopted the Draft Treaty Establishing the European Union, which called...

  7. II. The Current Trajectories of Citizenship Politics in the EU

    • CHAPTER 4 “No Rights Without Responsibilities”: Adapting Citizens for the New European Economy
      (pp. 93-126)

      Forming part of what is often referred to as the integration project’s “extended relaunch” (1985–1999), developments in the latter half of the 1990s would build upon the momentum of the Single European Act, the Single Market Program, and the Maastricht Treaty. Perhaps most significant during this period was the move toward the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), culminating with the official introduction of the euro currency in most of the Union in 1999. The formation of the EMU involved the creation of a highly controversial monetary policy framework of low interest rates governed by the European Central Bank...

    • CHAPTER 5 A New EU Politics of Migration, a New Politics of EU Citizenship? Analyzing the Amsterdam Treaty and Tampere Program
      (pp. 127-161)

      The signing of the Amsterdam Treaty in October 1997 resulted from years of preliminary work and arduous negotiations, which had often centered on the issues of migration and asylum. The political mood in which Amsterdam took shape was characterized by a growing dissatisfaction with Maastricht’s intergovernmental management of matters pertaining to migration (Lavenex 2001: 864). Hence, the European Commission had begun to depart from its earlier, rather pragmatic disposition (see Chapter 3) and had thrown in its lot with the European Parliament’s more consistent criticism of the Maastricht era’s allegedly opaque and democratically unaccountable conduct in Justice and Home Affairs...

    • CHAPTER 6 “At the Heart of Citizens’ Interests”: EU Migration Policy in the Hague Program
      (pp. 162-196)

      At the Brussels European Council in the autumn of 2004 the EU leaders approved the Hague Program for “strengthening freedom, security and justice in the European Union” (Council EU 2004g: 11). Set to run until 2010—when it will be replaced by the Stockholm Program (adopted in December 2009) (Council EU 2009b)—the Hague Program instituted a new five-year agenda for the development of EU migration policy, thus aiming to continue the work that was initiated and carried out within the framework of the Tampere Program (1999–2004). The launching of the Hague Program further accentuated migration’s status as a...

  8. CONCLUSION. The Politics of European Citizenship: Power Asymmetries, Contradictions, and Trajectories
    (pp. 197-206)

    There is always a temptation to round out an analysis of this nature by focusing on the uncertain future of citizenship politics in the EU—speculating on how this future will unfold alongside the turbulence that currently engulfs the integration project as a whole. Our concluding remarks will try to steer clear of this temptation as much as possible; not because we feel that it exaggerates the EU’s instability, but rather because such a narrow focus tends to gloss over the question of when, if ever, citizenship politics in the EU have actually been characterized by a stable, predictable trajectory....

  9. References
    (pp. 207-232)
  10. Index
    (pp. 233-238)