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Region-Building: Vol. II: Regional Integration in the World: Documents

Ludger Kühnhardt
Copyright Date: 2010
Edition: 1
Published by: Berghahn Books
Pages: 510
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  • Book Info
    Book Description:

    After two centuries of nation-building, the world has entered an era of region-building in search of political stability, cultural cohesion, and socio-economic development. Nations involved in the regional structures and integration schemes that are emerging in most regions of the world are deepening their ambitions, with Europe's integration experience often used as an experimental template or theoretical model. Volume I provides a political-analytical framework for recognizing the central role of the European Union not only as a conceptual model but also a normative engine in the global proliferation of regional integration. It also gives a comprehensive treatment of the focus, motives, and objectives of non-European integration efforts. Volume II offers a unique collection of documents that give the best available overview of the legal and political evolution of region-building based on official documents and stated objectives of the relevant regional groupings across all continents. Together, these volumes are important contributions for understanding the evolution of global affairs in an age when power shifts provide new challenges and opportunities for transatlantic partners and the world community.

    eISBN: 978-1-84545-839-3
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Introduction The Global Proliferation of Region-Building
    (pp. 1-15)
    Ludger Kühnhardt

    European integration has, for myriad reasons, gained global interest. Increasingly, European integration is perceived as a source of inspiration for other processes of regional cooperation and integration around the world. To be sure, European integration does not serve as a static model that can be proliferated, as the sources of European integration and its genuine objectives, policies, and institutions cannot simply be duplicated elsewhere in the world. But the global relevance of European integration experiences does not depend on symmetric developments in other parts of the world. Rather, other parts of the world refer increasingly to the European integration experience...

  4. 1 Region-Building in Europe
    (pp. 17-80)

    The European Union is the most advanced regional grouping in the world. In more than five decades of region-building, the European experience with regional integration has undergone several fundamental transformations. It has experienced crises in integration and, sometimes rather dramatically, crises of integration. The European Union has not achieved its “final” expression and remains a continuous process. Main features of the European Union have been established and constitute the backbone of European community-building. The European Union is a union of states and a union of citizens, but first and foremost, the European Union is a community of law. Its member...

  5. 2 Region-Building in Latin America and the Caribbean
    (pp. 81-231)

    Central America has the longest experience with regional integration efforts apart from Europe. Dating back to the early 1950s, the creation of the Committee of Economic Integration in Central America (CCE) in 1951 and subsequently the Organization of Central American Countries (ODECA)—with the membership of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua—predated the creation of the European Economic Community in 1957. Inspired by the Spaak Report and the reflection on economic integration concepts in Europe during the early 1950s, but also in view of the fact that Central America had undergone fourteen failed efforts at regional integration...

  6. 3 Region-Building in Asia
    (pp. 232-317)

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is often considered the most favored partner of the European Union. Since its foundation in 1967, ASEAN has indeed put its mark on the world map. The mutually perceived threat of communist expansion in Indochina was the original motive for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand to form a system of cooperation. A common response to the threat stemming from escalation of political and military events in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia seemed to be a matter of survival. Over time, like the European integration mechanism, ASEAN became a magnetic force for the...

  7. 4 Region-Building in Africa
    (pp. 318-424)

    From the formation of the Organization of African Unity through its 1963 Charter, which aimed to promote African self-government, to the creation in 2001 of the African Union, intended to foster an African Economic Community by 2028, regional efforts in Africa were always considered partial expressions in search of a broader goal, the African Renaissance. The most ambitious effort to integrate Africa is being conducted at the continental level. Ever since the decolonization struggles of the mid twentieth century, African leaders have dreamed of one day bringing about a united continent. The Organization of African Unity (OAU), however, proved incapable...

  8. 5 Region-Building in Eurasia
    (pp. 425-453)

    The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was created on 21 December 1991. Its official founding document, the Alma-Ata Declaration, signed by Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, stated that the Soviet Union had disappeared as subject of international law and geopolitical reality. The CIS was thereupon enlarged, with not only Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, but also Moldova, Armenia, and Azerbaijan joining. The CIS committed itself to compliance with responsibilities stemming from international treaties signed by the Soviet Union and the common control of nuclear weapons. It stated its support for human rights, the protection of national minorities, and respect for...

  9. 6 Region-Building in the Pacific Ocean
    (pp. 454-484)

    The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) was established relatively recently, in 2000. But from 1971 to 1999, a precursor was in effect: the South Pacific Forum. Founded in Wellington on 5–7 August 1971, it remained a structure largely dominated by New Zealand, much as the South Pacific Commission was defined by the strong role of Australia. The South Pacific Forum was by and large a confidence-building measure. It was never institutionalized and had neither legal personality nor a formal voting structure. Decision-making among its members was done by consensus. No issue was taboo, while all matters of common concern were...

  10. Bibliography
    (pp. 485-500)
  11. About the Editor
    (pp. 501-502)