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Social cohesion and counter-terrorism

Social cohesion and counter-terrorism: A policy contradiction?

Charles Husband
Yunis Alam
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  • Book Info
    Social cohesion and counter-terrorism
    Book Description:

    Post 9/11, the imposition of policies of counter-terrorism has seen the erosion of support for fundamental human rights. Simultaneously, Muslim communities in European cities have become a focus for state and local policy, leading to a fixation with policies of social cohesion. This book offers a unique research-based contribution to the debate around community cohesion and counter-terrorism policies in Britain. Through privileged access to the senior management and staff of five metropolitan authorities it reveals the contradictions between these policies as they are implemented in tandem at the local level. A robust critique of contemporary policy, this book is for all academics, policy makers and practitioners concerned with the management of ethnic diversity.

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-802-8
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-16)

    Living together with a capacity for mutual respect, space for self-expression and a credible sense of personal and collective security has been a modest ambition of societies as they have sought to manage human co-existence. In recent decades in Britain and elsewhere this aspiration has taken on a particular meaning as a centuries-old pattern of cross-border, and inter-continental, migration has taken on a new form. Through processes that we have come to familiarly call ‘globalisation’, the flow of resources, and human beings, across national borders has become extensive and routine. The myth of a homogenous people that has lain behind...

  2. TWO Community Cohesion: its development and limitations
    (pp. 17-60)

    This chapter provides an introduction to the development of the Community Cohesion policy in Britain. Since this policy is so intricately implicated with other political agendas the story developed below adopts an eclectically broad approach so that Community Cohesion can be understood within its wider context. As will become apparent, Community Cohesion as a policy is quite specifically linked with the experience of Muslim communities in Britain and to their relation with wider society. The impetus for the development of Community Cohesion came from a number of civil disturbances in northern English towns in 2001. These disturbances were linked to...

  3. THREE The prevention of violent extremism
    (pp. 61-96)

    In the previous chapter we explored the unique development of the British version of social cohesion as it became conceived and emerged as Community Cohesion. In this chapter we seek to provide a similar understanding of the emergence of counter-terrorism policies in Britain following the London bombings of 7 July 2005. In tracking this development we will again see that this particular policy did not emerge in a policy vacuum, but that rather it was developed within a framework shaped by past experiences of terrorism in the UK, and by other instances of civil crisis. Again, the centrality of Britain’s...

  4. FOUR Anti-Muslimism
    (pp. 97-128)

    In the previous chapters it has become apparent that for both of the policies under discussion here, Muslims, and the expression of the Islamic faith in Britain, are central to the conception and delivery of these policies. Consequently this chapter will pause in advance of moving on to present the data from this study in order to briefly explore the antipathies that may be attached to Islam and Muslims. These policies have not emerged and fed into an attitudinal vacuum in which the Muslim faith stands as a neutral entity awaiting appraisal by the British public. On the contrary there...

  5. FIVE The experience of managing Community Cohesion and Prevent
    (pp. 129-190)

    The purpose of this chapter is to present the reader with an account of the insights that can be derived from the interview data collected from the research outlined in Chapter One. The preceding chapters offered a wide framework within which this data may be understood, and provided an account of the context within which Community Cohesion and Prevent have developed in the British policy arena. The broader national and international political context within which these specific policies should be located has also been sketched in order that the material below may be seen as an integral part of wider...

  6. SIX Conclusion
    (pp. 191-226)

    This final chapter seeks to draw out some of the implications of the data presented in earlier chapters. Linking back to the context presented earlier, the argument developed here is presented in three sections. The first outlines some of the implications for our understanding of the operation of the local state in implementing central government policy. The consequences for local authority personnel, and for the communities they seek to serve, of the simultaneous operation of the Prevent and Community Cohesion policy programmes, is explored. Additionally this section of analysis reveals the practical challenges of managing policy at the local level,...